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REINFORCEMENT

“IF REPLACE REINFORCEMENT IN STRUCTURE


THEN WHAT SHOULD BE NEXT”
CONTENT

• WHAT IS
REINFORCEMENT.

• BASIC INTRO OF
STEEL.

• DIFFERENT TYPES OF
MATERIALS REPLACE
WITH STEEL,ITS
PROPERTIES,RATES
AND WHERE IT CAN
BE USE.
https://www.riverpoolsandspas.com/cost
Definition of reinforcement

1: the action of strengthening or


encouraging something : the
state of being reinforced.

Mainly reinforcement use

Steel is an alloy of ferrous metal with 0.25 to 1.5 per cent of


carbon. Higher the carbon content, harder is the steel. Steel bars
of circular cross sections are mainly used as reinforcement to
strengthen concrete structures. There are three types of
reinforcing steel:
1. Mild steel
2. High Yield Strength Deformed bars (HYSD)/TOR steel and
3. High tensile steel.

https://www.riverpoolsandspas.com/cost
ULTIMATE TENSILE
MATERIALS YIELD STRENGTH(Mpa) DENSITY(g/cm3)
STRENGTH(Mpa)

Steel, structural
250 400–550 7.8
ASTM A36 steel[8]

Bamboo 350–500 0.4

Glass 33 2.53

Nylon fiber, drawn[30] 900 1.13

Tungsten 941 1510 19.25

Wood, pine (parallel to


40
grain)
BAMBOO
• Through research it has been found that some
species of bamboo have ultimate tensile
strength same as that of mild steel at yield
point.

• Bamboo is a versatile material because of its


high strength-to-weight ratio, easy workability
and availability.

• It can be used as Bamboo Trusses, Bamboo


Roofs Skeleton, Bamboo walling/ceiling,
Bamboo Doors and Windows, Bamboo
Flooring, Reed Boards, Scaffolding.

• Bamboo needs to be chemically treated due


to their low natural durability.

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Strength Properties of Bamboo

It has also been found that bamboo acts very well in


buckling but due to low stresses than compared to
steel and due to it not being straight it may not be
very good.

Some specific properties of Bamboo are as given


below:

• Specific gravity - 0.575 to 0.655


• Average weight - 0.625kg/m
• Modulus of rupture - 610 to 1600kg/cm2
• Modulus of Elasticity - 1.5 to 2.0 x105kg/cm2
• Ultimate compressive stress- 794 to 864kg/cm2
• Safe working stress in compression - 105kg/cm2

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Selection And Preparation Of Bamboo
• Use only bamboo showing a pronounced brown colour.
• Select the longest large diameter culms available.
• Do not use whole culms of green, unseasoned bamboo.
• Avoid bamboo cut in spring or early summer. These
culms are generally weaker due to increased fibre
moisture content
Preparation
• Sizing
• Seasoning
• Waterproof Coatings https://www.riverpoolsandspas.com/cost

RATES
• 89 rupees/piece.(normal jungle bamboo) available and
3 to 5 ft height.
• Used in scaff-foling and hide works.
• Bamboo floor cost 350 rupees/sq.ft
• Exterior and finish bamboo
For walls and vertical strenght
IN SLABS
PLASTIC SLAB
Properties of Plastic

• Plastics have numerous properties that make them


superior to other materials in many applications.
• resistance to corrosion and chemicals, low electrical
and thermal conductivity, high strength-to-weight ratio,
colors available in a wide variety and transparent,
resistance to shock, good durability, low cost, are easy
to manufacture, resistant to water and have low
toxicity.

PREPARATION USES

Used by fabrication technology. HOUSING AND UPTO


25METER HIGHRISE
BUILDING
Rates
Average price 85rupees/kg https://www.riverpoolsandspas.com/cost
FIBER GLASS

CHEMICAL RESISTANCE

DIMENSIONAL STABILITY

GOOD THERMAL PROPERTIES

HIGH TENSILE STRENGTH- Fiberglass yarn has a high


strength-to-weight ratio. Fiberglass yarn is twice as strong as
steel wire.

LOW MOISTURE ABSORPTION-Fiberglass yarn has


extremely low moisture absorption.

COST-EFFECTIVE-Fiberglass fabrics offer cost advantages https://www.riverpoolsandspas.com/cost


compared to other synthetic and natural fiber fabrics.

RATES
2,8000 FOR 1000 X 4 SQ.FT SLABS
BIBLOGHRAPHY

• https://sites.google.com/site/just4civil/home/materials-of-
construction/reinforcing-steel
• https://www.slideshare.net/shouryagoswami969/reinforced-
cement-concrete
• https://www.iitk.ac.in/nicee/wcee/article/WCEE2012_2020.pdf
• http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/records/fulltext/210785/210785.
pdf
• http://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jmce/papers/vol8-
issue1/G0815061.pdf
• https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultimate_tensile_strength
• https://www.researchgate.net/post/Which_materials_have_been_u
sed_in_the_place_of_steel_for_reinforcement