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MODULE 5- DOCUMENTS GOVERNING WELDING

AND QUALIFICATION

WELDING INSPECTION
TECHNOLOGY
WHAT ARE THE DOCUMENTS A WELDING
INSPECTOR SHOULD USE ?

 DRAWINGS
 CODES
 STANDARDS
 SPECIFICATIONS
 QUALIFICATION OF PROCEDURES AND WELDERS
DRAWINGS

 DESCRIBE THE PART OR STRUCTURE IN GRAPHICAL DETAIL


 TOLERANCES ARE SHOWN ON DRAWINGS

TOLERANCE

 ARE THE TOTAL AMOUNT OF VARIATION PERMITTED FROM THE


DESIGN SIZE OF A PART

 AS A VARIATION BETWEEN LIMITS


CODES

 IS A BODY OF LAWS, AS OF A NATION, CITY, ETC., ARRANGED


SYSTEMATICALLY FOR EASY REFERENCE

EXAMPLES OF CODES

 AWS D1.1 STRUCUTRAL WELDING CODE - STEEL


 AWS D1.2 STRUCTURAL WELDING CODE – ALUMINUM
 ASME SECTION I RULES FOR CONSTRUCTION OF POWER BOILERS
 ASME SECTION II MATERIALS
STANDARDS
 SOMETHING ESTABLISHED FOR USE AS A RULE OR BASIS OF
COMPARISON IN MEASURING OR JUDGING CAPACITY, QUANTITY,
CONTENT, EXTENT, VALUE, QUALITY, ETC.
EXAMPLES OF STANDARDS

 EXAMPLES OF WHICH ARE PROCEDURES, RECOMMENDED PRACTICE,


GROUPS OF GRAPHIC SYMBOLS, CLASSIFICATION, AND DEFINITION
OF TERMS.
TWO TYPES OF STANDARDS

 MANDATORY – PRECISE, CLEARLY DEFINED AND SUITABLE FOR


ADOPTATION AS PART OF A LAW OR REGULATION

 NONMANDATORY – MAY PROVIDE OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION


BUT ARE CONSIDERED NONMANDATORY
EXAMPLES OF MANDATORY AND NONMANDATORY STANDARDS

 CODES ARE CONSIDERED MANDATORY STANDARDS BECAUSE THEY


THEY HAVE LEGAL STATUS

 USES SUCH WORDS AS “SHALL” AND “WILL” BECAUSE THEIR


REQUIREMENTS ARE NOT A MATTER OF CHOICE

 AN EXAMPLE OF NONMANDATORY STANDARD WOULD BE


RECOMMENDED PRACTICE

 INCLUDE WORDS SUCH AS “SHOULD” AND “COULD”


SPECIFICATION

 A DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PARTS OF A WHOLE; STATEMENT


OR ENUMERATION OF PARTICULARS, AS TO ACTUAL OR REQUIRED
SIZE, QUANTITY, PERFORMANCE, TERMS, ETC.

 IS A DETAILED DESCRIPTION OR LISTING OF REQUIREED ATTRIBUTES


OF SOME ITEM OR OPERATION.
WELDING PROCEDURE QUALIFICATION
SPECIFICATION
 SEQUENCE FOR QUALIFICATION
 SELECT WELDING VARIABLES
 CHECK EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS FOR SUITABILITY
 MONITOR WELD JOINT FIT-UP AS WELL AS ACTUAL WELDING,
RECORDING ALL IMPORTANT VARIABLES AND OBSERVATIONS

 SELECT, IDENTIFY AND REMOVE REQUIRED TEST SPECIMENS


 TEST AND EVALUATE SPECIMENS
 REVIEW TEST RESULTS FOR COMPLIANCE WITH APPLICABLE CODE
REQUIREMENTS
 RELEASE APPROVED PROCEDURE FOR PRODUCTION
 QUALIFY INDIVIDUAL WELDERS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THIS
SPECIFICATION

 MONITOR THE USE OF THAT PROCEDURE DURING PRODUCTION TO


ASSURE THAT IT CONTINUES TO PRODUCE SATISFACTORY RESULTS
WELDER QUALIFICATION
 GENERAL SEQUENCE FOR THE QUALIFICATION OF WELDERS
 IDENTIFY ESSENTIAL VARIABLES
 CHECK EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS FOR SUITABILITY
 CHECK TEST COUPON CONFIGURATION AND POSITION
 MONITOR ACTUAL WELDING TO ASSURE THAT IT COMPLIES WITH
THE APPLICABLE WELDING PROCEDURE

 SELECT, IDENTIFY AND REMOVE REQUIRED TEST SAMPLES


 TEST AND EVALUATE SPECIMENS
 COMPLETE NECESSARY PAPERWORKS
 MONITOR PRODUCTION WELDING