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DESIGN

Selected Project –
Proposed Area Engineer's Office at Ellie House, Mattakkuliya
Design of Building
1. Introduction
2. Design Information and References
3. Initial member sizing
4. Slab Design
5. Beam Design
6. Frame analysis
7. Design of Column
8. Design of Staircases
Introduction
• Project:
Proposed Area Engineer's Office at Ellie House, Mattakkuliya
• Client:
National Water Supply and Drainage Board
• Architect:
Design Consultant
• Project Management & Engineering:
Greater Colombo Water and Wastewater Management
Improvement Investment Programme
• Construction :
Darinton Construction Ltd
Design Information
Materials
• Characteristic Strength of Concrete (fcu) - 25 N/mm2
• Yield strength of Tor Steel - 460 N/mm2
• Yield strength of Mild Steel - 250 N/mm2
Durability Requirements
• Exposure Condition- Mild in both internal and external
• Fire resistance - 1.5 hr.
• Clear cover for slabs - 25mm
• Clear cover for beams - 25mm
• Clear cover for columns - 25mm
loads
• Wind speed -38 ms-1
• Imposed Loads
• Office area -2.5 kN/m2
• Staircase and lobby area -4.0 kN/m2
• Toilet area -2.0 kN/m2
• Roof slab -4.0 kN/m2

• Super Dead load due to floor finishes -2 kN/m2


Initial Member sizing
Referred Documents: IStructE Manual, BS 8110:Part1:1985

Criteria for selection of slab (Thickness):


• Selection of cover: Exposure condition & Fire resistance
• Span/ effective depth ratio: Imposed Load & type of slab
• Minimum slab thickness: Fire resistance
Criteria for selection of beam (Width & Depth)
• Width - Selection of cover: Exposure condition & Fire resistance
- Minimum beam width: Fire resistance
• Depth - Span/ effective depth ratio: type of beam
Criteria for selection of column (Breadth)
• Selection of cover: Exposure condition & Fire resistance
• Minimum column width: Fire resistance
• Ultimate load capacity
Slab Design To BS 8110: 1985
• Calculate design load (1.4gk+1.6qk)
• Calculate bending moments msx  sx .n.l x2
msy sy .n.lx2
• Calculate shear forces Vsx  vx .n.l x
Vsy vy .n.lx
• Calculation of Reinforcement
kM  k'
bd 2 f cu
 k 
z  d 0.5  0.25   or 0.95d which is lesser
• Design Check  0.9 
M
As 
Minimum Area of reinforcement 0.87 f y Z
100 As
Check for maximum spacing Ac
 0.13

Check for deflection spacing  3d

Design
Actual check for shear
span / effectivedepth  AllowableS pan / Effective Depth
100 As 1/ 3 400 1/ 4
0.79( ) ( )
bd d V
c  
m bd
Beam Design to BS 8110: 1985
 Calculate of loads on beam
 Analyze the beam for all span loading and alternative loading
arrangement and obtain Bending & shear envelopes
 Calculate the reinforcement for the moment
 Design for shear
 Check for deflection
 Check for minimum and maximum
area of reinforcement

 Check for cracking

 Check for Curtailment of reinforcement

 Check for Lap length


 Check for max R/F percentage in a layer