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PRESSURE VESSEL

DESIGN AS PER
ASME CODE
PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN
AS PER ASME CODE (Contd.)
 Pressure Vessel Definition:
– Containers of Pressure
 Internal

 External

– Pressure Source
 External

 Application of Heat
PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AS
PER ASME CODE CODE(Contd.)
 Code Coverage:
– Subsections
 Rule, Guidelines, Specifications

– Mandatory Appendices
 Specific Important Subjects to Supplement
Subsections
– Non-Mandatory Appendices
 Additional Information, Suggested Good
Practices
PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AS
PER ASME CODE(Contd.)
 Inclusions:
– Unfired Steam Boilers/ Generators
 Evaporators

 Heat Exchangers

– Direct Fired Vessels


 Gas Fired Jacketed Steam Kettles(Jacket
Pressure less than 50 PSI)
PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AS
PER ASME CODE(Contd.)
 Additional Interpretation:
– The code rules may not cover all designs &
constructions procedures.
 Such additional design & construction procedure
may be adopted which are safe and acceptable.
– Field fabrication are acceptable.
– Other standards for components are
acceptable
PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AS
PER ASME CODE(Contd.)
 Guidelines for Designed Thickness (To be
adopted):
– (1/16)” excluding corrosion allowance for
shell & head (Min.)
– The above will not apply to heat transfer
surface
– (1/4)” min. for unfired steam boiler shell
PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AS
PER ASME CODE(Contd.)
– (3/32)” min. excluding corrosion allowance
for compressed air/ steam/ water service(for
CS/AS)

– Corrosion allowance shall be based on


experience/ field data(No value/ code
recommended).
PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AS
PER ASME CODE(Contd.)
THICKNESS CALCULATIONS
UNDER INTERNAL PRESSURE,
CYLINDRICAL SHELL:
Circumferential stress:
t = P.Ri / (SE- 0.6P) + CA
Longitudinal stress:
t = P.Ri / (2SE+0.4P) + CA
SPHERICAL SHELL:
t = P.Ri / (2SE- 0.2P) + CA
CONICAL SECTION: (INTERNAL PRESSURE)
t =P.Di/ 2COSα(SE- 0.6P) + CA
PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AS
PER ASME CODE(Contd.)
THICKNESS OF HEADS/ CLOSURES:
ELLIPSOIDAL HEAD:
t = P.Di / (2SE- 0.2P) + CA
OTHERS;
t = P.K.Di/ (2SE-0.2P) + CA
K =CONSTANT BASED ON THE
RATIO OF MAJOR &
MINOR AXIS (D/2H)
PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AS PER ASME
CODE(Contd.)
“VALUES OF FACTOR K”
D/2H 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.0

K 1.83 1.64 1.46 1.37 1.29 1.14 1.07 1.00

D/2H 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.0

K 0.87 0.76 0.71 0.66 0.57 0.50


PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AS
PER ASME CODE(Contd.)
TORISPHERICAL HEAD:
t = 0.885 PL/ (SE-0.1P) + CA
FOR KNUCKLE RADIUS, r = 6% OF
CROWN RADIUS (L)
t =PLM/ (2S.E- 0.2P) + CA
where L=CROWN RADIUS
M=CONSTANT BASED ON RATIO OF
CROWN AND KNUCLE RADIUS(L/r)
PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AS PER ASME
CODE(Contd.)
“VALUES OF FACTOR M”
L/r 1.0 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.0
M 1.00 1.06 1.10 1.15 1.18 1.22 1.25
L/r 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 10.0 11.0
M 1.31 1.36 1.41 1.46 1.50 1.54 1.58
L/r 12.0 13.0 14.0 15.0 16.0 16.67
M 1.62 1.65 1.69 1.72 1.75 1.77
PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AS
PER ASME CODE(Contd.)
 (USE NEAREST VALUE OF L/r;
INTERPOLATION UNNECESSARY)
 NOTE:
– MAXIMUM RATIO ALLOWED BY UG-32
(j) WHEN L EQUALS THE OUTSIDE
DIAMETER OF THE SKIRT OF THE
HEAD. KNUCKLE RADIUS, r SHALL
NOT BE LESS THAN 3t.
PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AS
PER ASME CODE(Contd.)
 CONICAL HEAD:
t = PDi/ 2 COS α (SE-0.6P) + CA
α = half apex angle

 HEMISPHERICAL HEAD:
t = P.Ri/ (2SE- 0.2P) + CA
PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN AS
PER ASME CODE(Contd.)
 FLAT HEADS & COVERS (UG- 34)
CIRCULAR COVER/ HEADS
t = Di * SQRT(CP/SE) + CA
Where C = Factor, dependent on joint geometry of
head cover to shell (range 0.1 – 0.33)
 OBROUND/ NON-CIRCULAR HEADS
(INCLUDING SQUARE/ RECTANGULAR)
t = Di * SQRT(Z*CP/SE) + CA
where Z = 3.4 - (2.4 d / D)