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“Presentation Inspiration and Motivation have always played a key role

in the success of any venture”

In the accomplishment of this course project successfully, many people
have bestowed upon us their blessings and the heart pledged support.
We are taking this opportunity to thank all the people who have been
concerned with this course project.
We are highly in indebted to Prof. Virendra R. Bhokse whose valuable
guidance has been the ones that helped us patch this project and
make it full proof success. His valuable instructions regarding this project
and kind supervision have played a major role in completion of our
course project successfully.
We would like to extend our gratitude to the Director Prof.(Dr.)
RAJESH M. JALNEKAR and to the HOD of DESH Department Prof.(Dr.)
C.M. MAHAJAN for providing us with all the facility that was required
during this project.
Last but not the least we would like to thank our parents who have
helped us with their valuable suggestion in various phase of this project.
The model has been proposed with the aim to establish
a 12kg per hour capacity seed processing plant. As is
evident from the financial analysis that the project is
sound and estimated results are encouraging and
hence the model may be considered for financing
under the scheme of GOI for boosting seed production
in private sector. The assembly is developed for
cultivating ploughed land automatically i.e. less power is
required. The blocking of seed problem is eliminated
with the help of water pressure. So this model increases
the efficiency and accuracy. The project consists of two
different mechanisms. The first mechanism contains
making an assembly of vehicle and its motion, whereas
second mechanism is preparing a seed bed on
ploughed land .Due to no man power requirement and
high speed of operation, it has scope for further
Why the need for automation?
 Sowing is the most important process in farming. It is a very tiring
and time consuming process that requires a lot of human effort.
Here we propose the design and fabrication of a fully automatic
seed sowing robot that automates this task. The proposed robot
uses four motors for running it in desired directions. We use a
small bracket for pouring seeds. The robot consists of a funnel like
arrangement in order to pour seeds into a lower container. There
we use a shaft with gear like bucket teeth to pick up limited
quantity of seeds and pour them on the ground in a steady
manner in proper quantity. The front of the robot consists of a
bent plate that drags on the soil to make a slot ahead of the
machine before seeds are poured in it. The back portion of the
robot consists of a tail like bent rod that is again used to pour soil
on seeds sowed thus covering them with soil. Thus the system
completely automated the seed sowing process using a smartly
designed mechanical robotic system.
 D.C. motor (2V and 100rpm)
 Shaft
 Rectangular Container
 Funnel(Diameter 10 cm)
 Wheels
 Mounts
 Supporting Frame(Wooden)
 Joints & Fixtures
 Screws
The working principle of our model will start by engine power
transmission through chain and sprocket arrangement mechanism.
Here engine power shaft is connected to rear axle of the wheel
where it produces the torque produces movement of the vehicle and
we can control the speed of the machine by controlling the throttle
provided in the machine. Simultaneously another sprocket of same
size in rear axle is used to maintain the same speed to provide the
rotational effect to the another shaft which is below the seed sowing
machine equipment the shaft rotates at the same speed as that of
rear axle rotates. Here another larger teeth sprocket is used to provide
rotational effect to seed sowing machine shaft. As this shaft consists of
two circular plates and made a slot at specified distance to easily
pick the seeds from the hopper as the rear axle wheels turns due to
power transmission of engine the seed are dropped by the circular
plate. The circular plates are turned in clockwise direction as the
rotational effects provided by shaft and seed are dropped into
ground. We are maintaining the speed of the machine very low so it
produces maximum amount of torque. Hence the model can be run
smoothly on agricultural land.
What should be used for chassis development?
=The iron metal chassis would be more heavy and more difficult
to fabricate, so we decided to use timber wood instead of iron.
Also ,to reduce the cost of the equipment.

What type of wheel should be used?

=Normal wheels can’t be used in fields .To overcome this
situation we used wheels with spikes which provides better grip
with the soil and enables the model to perform the seed sowing

1.When seed is small in size we need manual effort
for setting.
2. It is operated on battery supply, if any failure
occurs whole system will not function.
3.This machine cannot be operated in uneven land.
4.Cannot work on swampy or wet lands.
5.After a couple of hours the battery should be
charged regularly for a smooth application.
To meet future food demands the farmers have
to implement new techniques which will not
affect the soil texture but will the crop production.
In the farming process often used conventional
seeding operation takes more time and more labour.
The seed feeding is also more and total cost is
increased due to labour. All the above mentioned
problems can be reduced considerably with the
help of the automatic seed sowing machine.
Fundamentals Of Agronomy
Economics Of Farm Production And