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Down Syndrome

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Background Information

 A genetic condition in which the person has 47 chromosomes,


whereas, usually the chromosomes are 46 in a normal human
being.
 Leads to mental retardation of the person
 The intensity varies from a mild to a serious condition.
Statistics
 For all births, the likelihood of occurrence of this disease is 1 in
800.
 88% cases are genetic inheritance from the mother, 8% from the
father and almost 2% is mitotic errors after fusion.
 Hearing deficiency in almost 66% to 88% of people with down
syndrome
 40%- 50% of these people have congenital heart defects.
Review of Research

Ashok Kumar, S. M. (2015). Trueta, K. T. (2017)

 Research says, that likelihood  Research says that that


of the women delivery a women who have already
child with the down given birth to a child with
syndrome condition down syndrome has 1%
increases with age. chance of giving birth to
another one.
Tests & Diagnosis

 Efficiency screening test done in 11th or 14th week of the


pregnancy. (Ashok Kumar, 2015).
 Blood Tests and ultrasound
 Identification of the symptoms of Down Syndrome
 Advanced tests for confirmation
Treatment Plan for Primary care

 Provision of vaccination and regular monitoring of growth and


development
 Early age speech Therapy .(Bull, 2017).
 Physical therapy to enhance the strength of muscles
 Behavioral therapy by the professional to balance to emotional
challenges that a person is likely to face with this conditions.
Results

 Proper treatments and checkup will allow the development and


understanding of a child.
 Will ensure the ability of a child to learn and understand
different concepts
 Emotional Stability
Conclusion
 Develop immune related problems
 With early surgical intervention, 70% to 80% are likely to survive
beyond the age of five.
 Down Syndrome is a non-curable disease, whereas, precautious
measures can be taken to prevent the occurrence of illnesses
which are associated with this syndrome.
Work Cited
 Ashok Kumar, S. M. (2015). Down syndrome: an insight of the
disease”.
 Bull, M. J. (2017). Improvement of Outcomes for Children with
Down Syndrome.
 Menu, A. (2017). Parenting children with Down syndrome:
Societal influences.
 Trueta, K. T. (2017). International Medical Review on Down
Syndrome.