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Domain Eukarya :

Kingdom Plantae
Kingdom Plantae : Characteristics
• Multicellular Eukaryotic organisms
• All autotrophic
• Cells enclosed by cell wall
• Have chlorophyll – involved in the production
of food.
• Referred as Producers
Kingdom Plantae : Division
• Kingdom Plantae is divided into two general
groups based on the presence of Xylem and
Phloem.
• Xylem – transport system of plants, carrying
water from roots to leaves.
• Phloem – transport system of plants, carrying
nutrients from leaves to roots.
Kingdom Plantae : Non – vascular Plants
Bryophytes
• Plants do not have vascular tissue (or if
present, it is very reduced)
• Small in size
• Lack significant structural support
• Grow close to ground and in moist areas
• Lack significant water conducting cells.
Kingdom Plantae : Non – vascular Plants
• RHIZOIDS - are root-like structure that
function to anchor them to the surface they are
growing on, however, they are not capable of
water uptake.
• They require moist environment for successful
fertilization.
Kingdom Plantae : Non – vascular Plants
• Mosses- small flowerless green plant that
lacks true roots and has a very small leaves.
Kingdom Plantae : Non – vascular Plants
• Hornworts- rootless thin-stemmed aquatic
monoecious herbs
Kingdom Plantae : Non – vascular Plants
• Liverworts- a small flowerless green plant with leaflike stems
or lobed leaves, occurring in moist habitats. Liverworts lack
true roots and reproduce by means of spores released from
capsules.
Kingdom Plantae : Non – vascular Plants
• Liverworts- a small flowerless green plant with leaflike stems
or lobed leaves, occurring in moist habitats. Liverworts lack
true roots and reproduce by means of spores released from
capsules.
Kingdom Plantae : Vascular Plants
• Are further divided into Seedless plants and
seed plants.
• These are plants that have vascular tissues.
• Vascular plants make up over 90% of all plant
species that are currently found on Earth. More
primitive vascular plants include lycophytes
and ferns.
Kingdom Plantae : Vascular Plants
• Seedless Vascular Plants
• Has a waxy cuticle, stomata and well-developed
vascular tissue.
• Their vasculature allows them to grow to larger
sizes as compared to nonvascular plants.
• Moist environment and moisture for
reproduction.
• Seedless vascular plants are more basal than the
seed plants.
Kingdom Plantae : Vascular Plants
• Seedless Vascular Plants
• Fern- a flowerless plant that has feathery or
leafy fronds and reproduces by spores
released from the underside of the fronds.
Kingdom Plantae : Vascular Plants
• Seedless Vascular Plants
• Horsetails- vascular plant that has leaves
reduced to nodal sheaths on the hollow
jointed ribbed shoots.
Kingdom Plantae : Vascular Plants
• Seed Vascular Plants - Gymnosperm
• Gymnosperms are the closest relatives of
angiosperms.
• They are a group of woody plants that produce
seeds but no flowers or fruit.
• The seeds of gymnosperms are usually found
in cones rather than inside fruit.
• The world’s largest, tallest, oldest and widest
organisms are all gymnosperms.
Kingdom Plantae : Vascular Plants
• Seed Vascular Plants – Gymnosperm
• There are four different groups of
gymnosperms.
• These include the gingko, gnetophyta,
cycads and conifers.
• Conifers contain the majority of species and
include the well-known pine trees.
Kingdom Plantae : Vascular Plants
• Seed Vascular Plants – Angiosperm
• An angiosperm is any plant that produces
flowers, fruit, and seeds.
• most advanced, diverse and abundant group
of plants.
• have a close relationship with animals, in
particular insects and birds.
Kingdom Plantae : Vascular Plants
• Seed Vascular Plants – Angiosperm
• Flowers and fruit evolved as a part of a plant’s
reproduction.
• Flowers produce pollen and an ovary.
• Pollen from one flower is delivered to the
ovary of another flower – this is known as
pollination.
Kingdom Plantae : Vascular Plants
• Seed Vascular Plants – Angiosperm
• A sperm cell found in a pollen grain fertilizes
an egg located in an ovary.
• Once the egg is fertilized, it develops into a
seed and the ovary develops into a fruit.