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Audio is defined as anything related to sound in terms of receiving,
transmitting or reproducing or its specific frequency.
An audio signal is a representation of sound, typically using a level of
electrical voltage for analog signals, and a series of binary numbers for
digital signals. Audio signals have frequencies in the audio frequency
range of roughly 20 to 20,000 Hz, which corresponds to the upper and
lower limits of human hearing.
Audio signals may be synthesized directly, or may originate at a
transducer such as a microphone, musical instrument pickup,
phonograph cartridge, or tape head. Loudspeakers or headphones
convert an electrical audio signal back into sound.
In audio we sometimes get some unpleasant sounds called noise. noise
is generally any unpleasant sound and, more technically, any unwanted
sound that is unintentionally added to a desired sound. We can remove
the noise by using a filter.
A filter is a device or process that removes some unwanted
components or features from a signal.
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To remove the noise from an audio we would use 3 types of filter the
low-pass, high-pass, and the band pass.
Low-Pass Filter
• A low-pass filter is a filter that allows signals below a cutoff frequency
(known as the passband) and attenuates signals above the cutoff
frequency (known as the stopband). By removing some frequencies,
the filter creates a smoothing effect. That is, the filter produces slow
changes in output values to make it easier to see trends and boost
the overall signal-to-noise ratio with minimal signal degradation.

• Low-pass filters, are often used to clean up signals, remove noise,

perform data averaging, design decimators and interpolators, and
discover important patterns.
High-Pass Filter
• A high-pass filter (also known as a bass-cut filter) attenuates signals
below a cutoff frequency (the stopband) and allows signals above the
cutoff frequency (the passband). The output of this filter is directly
proportional to rate of change of the input signal.

• High-pass filters are often used to clean up low-frequency noise,

remove humming sounds in audio signals, redirect higher frequency
signals to appropriate speakers in sound systems, and remove low-
frequency trends from time series data thereby highlighting the high-
frequency trends.
Band-Pass Filter

• A band-pass filter may also be called a band-select filter as it selects a

specific frequency range to pass a signal unattenuated.