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NAGESH KARAJGI ORCHID COLLEGE OF ENGG & TECH,

SOLAPUR.

CLASS - CE SE (B)
CONTENT-

1.Introduction

2.Material used in manufacturing of fly ash bricks

3.Manufacturing process

4. Physical and mechanical tests

5. Advantages

6. conclusion
 INTRODUCTION-
• NEED OF FLYASH BRICKS
Manufacturing of commercial brick produce a lot of air pollution.

The fly ash bricks are eco-friendly.


Combustion of coal in thermal power plant not only produces steam to run
electricity-generating turbine but also produces a large quantity of by-products like fly ash
etc.
 MATERIAL USED IN MANUFACTURING OF FLY ASH BRICKS
For manufacturing fly ash bricks we used the following composition:

I. Cement (10%) II. fly ash(30%)

III. crushed sand(40%) IV. Lime (20%)


V. Foaming agent
• MANUFACTURING PROCESS

1.Mixing of Raw Material:

The weighed quantity of fly ash, Cement and crushed sand and lime was thoroughly
mixed in dry state in a pan with the help of a trowel.
When the mixture attains uniform color weighed quantity of foaming agent and
water is added in the mixture of fly ash, cement and lime and crushed sand.
2. Preparation of mortar blocks:

Standard cement mortar cube moulds of size 70mm x 70mm x 70mm were used for
preparation of blocks.

3.Method of Curing:

Sprinkling of water
 Physical and mechanical tests
Physical and mechanical tests performed were water absorption and
compressive strength were conducted to check the suitability of developed material.
All tests were performed as per IS 12894-1990 that is coed for fly ash-lime bricks
and the conventional bricks were tested as per procedure laid down in IS 3495-1973
for the following test:
1. Compressive Strength
2.Water absorption
• ADVANTAGES
1.It reduces dead load of structures.
2. High fire Insulation.
3. Due to high strength, practically no breakage during transport and use.
4..Due to uniform size of bricks mortar required for joints and plaster reduces almost
by 50%.
5. Due to lower water penetration seepage of water through bricks is considerably
reduced.
6.Gypsum plaster can be directly applied on these bricks without a backing coat of lime
plaster.
7.These bricks do not require soaking in water for 24 hours. Sprinkling of water before
use is enough.
Calculation:
1.Calculation for water absorption:

Wet Weight Dry Weight

Cube1 502.00gm 530.54gm

Cube2 470.34gm 510.61gm

Cube3 465.67gm 490.37

Total weight 1438.01gm 1531.52gm

Average Weight A = 479.33gm B = 510.50gm

Calculation for water absorption:


W = (510.50 – 479.33) × 100
479.33
W = 6.50%
Calculation for Compressive strength:

Area Load at failure

Cube1 49cm2 9.8 kN

Cube2 49cm2 15.4 kN

Cube3 49cm2 9.8 kN

Average 49cm2 11.66 kN

Compressive Strength = 11667/ 49

Compressive Strength = 238 N / cm2 = 24.27 kg / cm2


Results:
 Water Absorption in % = 6.50%

 Compressive Strength = 238 N / cm2 = 24.27 kg / cm2


• CONCLUSION

 Using of fly ash into manufacturing of brick, in minimization of the waste also this
method will helps to conserve the natural recourse like air, water,soil.

 Use of fly ash helps in solid waste management

 The cubes manufactured by the chosen proportions didn’t satisfy the required
limitations proposed by IS 13757 : 1993.
The results obtained from the tests satisfy the water absorption, but it doesn’t satisfy
the compressive strength with respect to the limitations given by IS 13757 : 1993.