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DISABILITYAND

ACCESSIBILITY
A sociological study in North campus
Introduction
Theoretical Understanding

WHAT IS ACCESSIBILITY? WHAT IS RECREATIONAL?


WHAT IS DISABILITY?

 Person with disability means a person with long-term


physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairment which,
in interaction with barriers, hinders his full and effective
participation in society equally with others (PWD Act 2016:
3).
Conceptualizing Disability
•Primarily:
(a) Physical
(b) Psychological
•Disciplinary Perspective:
(a) Medical Sociology
(b) Social Model
Indian & International
Umbrella
• International Classification of Impairment Disability &
Handicap (WHO’s Framework 1980)
• The International Classification of Functioning, Disability
& Health (WHO 2001)
• United Nation Convention on Rights of Persons with
Disability (UNCRPD 2006 & 2007)
• National Centre for Promotion of Employment for
Disabled People (NCPEDP 1996)
Objectives
To Explore:-
Accessibility to recreational spaces such as,
restaurants, cinema halls, street food
spaces and dhabas for students' with
disability.
To Examine:-
The understanding of disability among stakeholders in
recreational centers and their perception towards
disabled people accessing their centers.
To Understand
- The experiences of male and female students with disability,
particularly in the context of following aspects.
a. Everyday life while accessing these spaces.
b. Negotiation with people in these centres.
c. The impact of accessibility policy in day to day life of
disabled students.

To Make
- Tangible changes in terms of making recreational spaces
more accessible for the students.
Review of Literature
Institution Author Title Notes

Ministry of social justice Compiled by the First country report on the This report on the status
and empowerment, Department of status of disability in India of UNCRPD was by and for
Government of India empowerment of persons the concerned ministries
with disabilities and departments of India.

Ministry of social justice Compiled by the Ministry National policy for persons The welfare of persons
and empowerment, of Social Justice and with disabilities with disabilities has been
Government of India Empowerment reflected through
Government of India schemes, enactments and
institutions.

Tata Institute of Social S.Parasuraman Enabling inclusion and This report is to provide
Sciences accessibility for students an inclusive education
with disability in Higher framework towards
education inclusion of students with
disability.
Institution Author Title Notes

World Health Compiled by the WHO Understanding disability - This world report on disability
Organization Chapter 1 provides the guide to
improving health and well
being of persons with
disabilities.  

University of Belgrade Srecko Potic, Ksenija Physical recreational The aim of this paper is to
Stanimirov, Mirjana activities and person with review the so far published
Dordevic, Slobodan disabilities scientific and professional
Bankovik works in which the problem of
recreational activities of
persons with disabilities, by
studying the available
literature.

State,Disability and Focuses on state policies and


Development - Chapter 2 programmes along with the
non
government organizations role
in disability field.
Institution Author Title Notes

Department of Pediatrics, Prashant Srivastava, Disability, it’s issues and This report talks about the
Maulana Azad Medical Pradeep Kumar challenges: Psychosocial factors, psychiatric
College and legal aspects in Indian disability and indian
scenario scenario of disability.
 

School of Social Sciences, Nilika Mehrotra; A resource book on This resource book
Jawaharlal Nehru Pooja Singh, Priyanka disability studies in India contains the study
University Saini programmes

G.B. Pant Memorial Renu Adlaka Disability studies in India: This volume brings
Institute of Social Sciences Global discourse, local disability to it’s context in
realities India. Even it enriches it’s
notions of experience and
of epistem.
Institution Author Title Notes

Bureau of Indian standards Na National building code NBC is a comprehensive


code, is a national
instrument providing
guidelines for regulating
the building construction 
activities across the
countries.

World bank Na Access for people with Importance of accessibility


disabilities in promoting equality of
opportunity for people with
disabilities
Key Research
Questions
 How do people with disability view access?
 What kinds of services is preferred by disabled students?
 What kind of build-environment, transportation and information system
is available before and after reaching to these centres?
 How do social identities influence the accessibility of disabled students?
 How do the owners and staff members at these spaces and non-
disabled peers perceive disability and their participation to these
centres?
 Who according to the stakeholders has the responsibility of making
changes?
 What changes, tangible and intangible, could be brought about by us
or any other individual/group who is willing?
  Study Design
 THE PROJECT IS ESSENTIALY A QUALITATIVE RESEARCH

 METHODOLOGY : INTERPRETIVIST APPROACH

 SAMPLE UNIVERSE : STUDENTS WITH DISABILITY IN THE


NORTH CAMPUS GEOGRAPHICAL AREA

 SAMPLING TECHNIQUE : CONVENIENCE SAMPLING

 SAMPLE SIZE : VARIABLE ( BASED ON SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES)

- 20 STUDENTS WITH DISABILITY


- 15 SERVICE PROVIDERS
 SOURCES OF DATA : PRIMARY DATA | SECONDARY DATA

 TOOLS : SEMI STRUCTURED INTERVIEW

 TYPE OF STUDY : EXPLORATORY STUDY

 ITEMS IN INTERVIEW SCHEDULE : OPEN ENDED

 ETHICAL CONSIDERATION
  Social Intervention
COMMUNITY LEVEL

 Verbal and written campaign for inclusion in recreational spaces


for disabled people around north campus and those spaces.
 Posters, pamphlets will be used media coverage can also be done.
 Through discussion try and sensitise relevant stakeholders like
owners, managers etc.
POLICY LEVEL

 Have detailed deliberations with scholars and experts


on this field to identify and relevant changes at an
administrative level.
 Propose the local government to address issues of
inclusion, after exploring the needs by listening to the
voices of disabled students and understanding the
perception of stakeholders.
THE AP APPLICATION
 THE WHAT: Accessibility Platform
 THE WHY
 THE HOW: PROTOTYPE
 SIGNIFICANCE OF AP & WHAT MAKES IT
PROPRIETARY?
 THE VISION
  WORK DONE
C

  

• THE PILOT

• THE LITERATURE REVIEW

• THE DATA COLLECTION

• INTERVENTION STRATEGY
  THE FUTURE
 THE SAMPLE

 THE TRANSFER

 THE AP

 BRAILLE MENU

 THE FOODWALK
Timeline

Jan - Feb Feb – March April


PILOT SURVEY
• Identifying
INTERVIEWS INTERVENTION
Project
recreational
spaces in &
• PWDs • App Evolution
• Stakeholders of  Development
around North recreational spaces • Tangible .
Campus changes(Braille
• Identifying menu)
target
population for
the study
References
• Addlakha, Renu (2013). Introduction. In Renu Addlakha (Ed.), Disability Studies in India:Global
Discourse, Local Realities. India: Routledge. 1-34.
• Chander, Jagdish (2013). Disability Rights and the Emergence of Disabilities Studies. In Renu
Addlakha (Ed.), Disability Studies in India: Global Discourse, Local Realities. New Delhi:
Routledge. 61-77.
• Karna, G. N. (2000). Disability studies in india: issues and challenges. International journal of
disability studies. 1 (1), 20-40.
• National Policy for Person with Disabilities (2006). Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment,
Government of India, New Delhi, India.
• Mehrotra, N. (2011). Disability Rights Movements in India: Politics and Practice. Economic
and Political Weekly. Vol. XLVI, No 6, February 5, 65-72.
• Bhanushali, Kishor (2007). Changing Face of Disability Movement: From Charity to
Empowerment. Paper Presented in National Seminar on “Revisiting Social Work in the Field of
Health- A Journey from Welfare to Empowerment. 1-7.
THANK YOU