You are on page 1of 57

Environmental Awareness

Dr P K Pattajoshi
Manager(Environment)
What is
Environment?
Lecture - 11

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
from
PROCESS INDUSTRIES

Chemical & process


 GLOBAL WARMING
 ACID RAIN
 DESERTIFICATION
 DEFORESTATION
 DEPLETION OF WATER
RESOURCES
 OZONE DEPLETION
 INDESCRIMINATE USE OF LAND
Global Warming
Increased Greenhouse Gases in the Troposphere

Excess heat
CO2 CFCs CH4
MASS HARVESTING AND MASS
BURNING OF FORESTS RESULTING
IN LOSS OF FORESTS, BIO-
DIVERSITY AND HABITAT.
•A C I D R A I N
RAINFALL THAT HAS AN
ACIDITY LEVEL BEYOND
WHAT IS EXPECTED IN NON-
POLLUTED RAINFALL.
ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
Any undesirable change in
physical , chemical or
biological characteristics
of air , land , water
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants
into an environment that causes instability,
disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem
i.e. physical systems or living organisms.
Pollution can take the form of chemical
substances or energy, such as noise, heat,
INDUSTRY & ENVIRONMENT

WATER
POLLUTION
AIR POLLUTION LAND
POLLUTION

INDUSTRIAL
ACTIVITY

NOISE OTHERS
POLLUTION
TYPES OF POLLUTION
. Water Pollution
. Air Pollution
. Land Pollution
. Noise Pollution
. Thermal Pollution
.

Pollution is the concentration of any material


or energy form that is ultimately harmful to
humans.
Impact of a Environment Pollution
EFFECTS

1. Damage to human health by specific chemical


substances present in the air, food, water and
radioactive material
2. Damage to natural environment affecting
vegetation, animals, crops, soil and water
3. Damage to visual quality by smoke, fumes,dust,
noise and waste
4. Damage by carcinogens, radioactive materials
and excessive noise
MODERN AGRICULTURAL
PRACTICE
HEALTH DISORDER
ENVIRONMENT
HAZARD
Air Pollution
 Contamination of the
atmosphere by gaseous,
liquid, or solid wastes or by-
products that can endanger
human health and the health
and welfare of plants and
animals, or can attack
materials, reduce visibility, or
produce undesirable odors
Air pollution in Cities
80% of the air pollution load is contributed
Lecture - 11
by
the transport sector

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
from
PROCESS INDUSTRIES

Chemical & process


Silica - Silicosis
LUNGS FUNCTION TEST
SAVES LIFE OR TAKES
LIFE?
Water Pollution
What is Water Pollution?
Is contamination of streams
, lakes, underground
water, bays, or oceans by
substances harmful to
living things.
Lecture - 11

Dissolved Oxygen
ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
from
PROCESS INDUSTRIES

Chemical & process


FLUORIDE POLLUTION
BE AWARE OF ENVIRONMENT

 DON’T BREATH AIR


IN DEVELOPED
COUNTRY
DON’T DRINK WATER
IN UNDEVELOPED
COUNTRY
Noise Pollution
Lecture - 11

Exposure to prolong noise affects speech,


hearing, general health and behavior.
Decibels (dB) are the unit of measurement
on the Loudness scale
Noise Levels . dB
Intensity
frequency
periods of exposure
and
duration
Limit Value: 75dB(A) Community
90dB(A) Occupational
Anatomy of the Ear
Pinn Semi-Circular
a Canals Auditory
Nerve

Cochl
Hammer-Anvil- ea
Stirrup

39
Noise Lecture
Pollution
- 11 Control

. Control noise at source by proper choice


of
equipment, design modification, mounting
and proper layout
. Isolation or use of baffles
. Use of ear protection devices

Chemical & process


Personal Protective Equipment
advantages / disadvantages

• Cotton Balls
• Canal Blockers
• Ear Muffs
• Ear Plugs
• NRRs (example on next page)

41
EAR MUFFS
It’s Really Pretty Simple…..
• Wear this now... • Or wear this
later!
AUDIOMETRY
Solid Waste Disposal
Disposal of normally solid or
semisolid materials,
resulting from human ,
Industrial and animal
activities, that are useless,
unwanted, or hazardous.
STUDIES ON USE OF FLYASH
FOR AGRICULTURE
SUNFLOWER CULTIVATION WITH FLY ASH AT
DAMANJODI
WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY
LET US
PROTECT
OURSELVES
AND
PROTECT
THE
GLOBE
LIFE
NOW

LIFE THEN
OUR NEXT GENERATION
LET US LIVE HAPPILY WITH
NATURE
IITR THANK YOU
ANY QUESTION PLEASE