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Noli me tángere

 Literally translated, the Latin words “noli me tángere”


means, “touch me not”
 Taken from John 20:17 when Mary Magdalene holds
on to Jesus and he tells her not to touch him.

John 20:17
Jesus said to her: “Stop clinging to me. For I have not
yet ascended to the Father . But be on your way to my
brothers and say to them, ‘I am ascending to my
Father and to your Father and to my God and your
God.”
 WHERE: Madrid (1/2), Paris (1/4)
Germany (1/4)
 WHEN:
Date Written- July 2, 1884 to
December 1886
Date Published- March 29, 1887
 WHOM: To his Countrymen
 WHY:
To open the eyes of the
Filipinos to the reality that they
were being oppressed
MAIN POINTS OF NOLI ME
TANGERE
 It calls on the Filipino to recover self
confidence, to appreciate his own
worth, to return to the heritage of
his ancestors, and to assert himself
as the equal to the Spaniards.
MAIN POINTS OF NOLI ME
TANGERE
 It insists on the need of education,
as dedication to the country, and
absorbing aspects of foreign
cultures that would enhance the
native traditions
Uncle Tom's Cabin;
or, Life Among the
Lowly, is an anti-
slavery novel by
American author
Harriet Beecher
Stowe. Published
in 1852, the novel
"helped lay the
groundwork for
the Civil War“.
The Spoliarium is a
painting by Filipino
artist Juan Luna. The
painting was
submitted by Luna to
the Exposición
Nacional de Bellas
Artes in 1884 in
Madrid, where it
garnered the first gold
medal.
The Wandering
Jew is a figure
from medieval
Christian
mythology whose
legend began to
spread in Europe
in the 13th
century.
CROSS

POMELO BLOSSOMS AND LAUREL


LEAVES

SILHOUETTE OF A FILIPINA-

BURNING TORCH

SUNFLOWERS

BAMBOO STALKS THAT WERE CUT


DOWN BUT GREW BACK

A MAN IN A CASSOCK WITH HAIRY


FEET

CHAINS

WHIPS

HELMET OF THE GUARDIA CIVIL


CROSS- sufferings
POMELO BLOSSOMS AND LAUREL
LEAVES- honor and fidelity
SILHOUETTE OF A FILIPINA- Maria Clara
BURNING TORCH- rage and passion
SUNFLOWERS- enlightenment
BAMBOO STALKS THAT WERE CUT
DOWN BUT GREW BACK- resilience
A MAN IN A CASSOCK WITH HAIRY
FEET- priests using religion in a dirty
way
CHAINS- slavery
WHIPS- cruelties
HELMET OF THE GUARDIA CIVIL-
arrogance of those in authority
WHAT WHEN WHERE WHO WHY

NOLI ME 1887 Berlin, Germany To the Corruption


TANGERE Philippines Discrimination
Maladministration
 Son of a Filipino
businessman, Don Rafael
Ibarra
Maria Clara's fiancé
 Studied in Europe for
seven years
 represented the affluent and
liberal European-educated
Filipino. Civic-minded, liberty-
minded and patriotic, he
desired the education of his
people.
 raised by Capitan Tiago
 Ibarra's fiancée
 most beautiful and widely
celebrated girl in San Diego
 Maria Clara's identity was
revealed as an illegitimate
daughter of Father Dámaso
 represented Filipino
womanhood trained in a
convent and immersed in
education basically religious in
orientation.
 Known by his nickname Tiago and political title
Capitan Tiago
 A Filipino businessman and the cabeza de barangay
or head of barangay of the town of San Diego
 Also the known father of Maria Clara
A rich landlord whose wealth was derived from his
involvement in the illegal opium trade; was used by
Rizal to represent the subservient Filipino to the
authorities to protect his personal and business
interest.
 a Franciscan friar and the former
parish curate of San Diego
 best known as a notorious
character that speaks with harsh
words and has been a cruel priest
during his stay in the town
the real father of Maria Clara and
an enemy of Crisóstomo's father,
Rafael Ibarra
He symbolizes the Spanish friars
of Rizal’s time.
 Ibarra's mysterious
friend and ally
 He wants to
revolutionize the country
and to be freed from
Spanish oppression.
 represented the Filipino
masses in the novel. As the
symbol of the common
people, he did everything
to vindicate them from
the injustices suffered from
the Spaniards.
 His full name is only known as
Don Anastacio
 Another major character in the
story. Seeking for reforms from
the government, he expresses his
ideals in paper written in a
cryptographic alphabet similar
from hieroglyphs and Coptic
figures hoping "that the future
generations may be able to
decipher it" and realized the
abuse and oppression done by
the conquerors.
 represented Rizal’s epitome
of a philosopher; was
perceived to be a sage by
the educated and a weird
or lunatic by those who did
not know him.
 is an ambitious Filipina who
classifies herself as Spanish and
mimics Spanish ladies by
putting on heavy make-up.
 wife of Don Tiburcio de
Espadańa
was used by Rizal to symbolize
colonial mentality among
Filipinos during his time.
SISA
 the deranged mother of Basilio
and Crispín.
 She was used by Rizal to
illustrate the typical
characteristics of Filipino
mothers, willing to defend her
children from all forms of
injustice and accusations.
CRISPIN
 Sisa's 7-year-old son. An altar
boy
BASILIO
 Sisa's 10-year-old son. An
attendant tasked to ring the
church bells for the Angelus
***They represented the innocent
who were wrongly accused of
crimes they did not commit.
 Padre Hernando de la Sibyla – a Dominican
friar. He is described as short and has fair skin. He is
instructed by an old priest in his order to watch
Crisóstomo Ibarra.

 Padre Bernardo Salví – the Franciscan curate


of San Diego, secretly harboring lust for Maria
Clara. He is described to be very thin and sickly.

El Alférez or Alperes – chief of the Guardia


Civil . Mortal enemy of the priests for power in San
Diego and husband of Doña Consolacion.
 Doña Consolacíon – wife of the Alférez , was a
former laundrywoman who passes herself as a
Peninsular ; best remembered for her abusive
treatment of Sisa.

 Don Tiburcio de Espadaña – Spanish Quack


Doctor who is limp and submissive to his wife, Doña
Victorina.

 Teniente Guevara - a close friend of Don Rafael


Ibarra. He reveals to Crisóstomo how Don Rafael
Ibarra's death came about.

 Alfonso Linares – A distant nephew of Tiburcio


de Espanada, would-be fiancé of María Clara.
 Dona Pía Alba - wife of Capitan Tiago and mother
of María Clara. She died giving birth to her.
 Governor General (Gobernador Heneral) –
Unnamed person in the novel, he is the most powerful
official in the Philippines.
 Don Filipo Lino – vice mayor of the town of San
Diego, leader of the liberals.
 Padre Manuel Martin - he is the linguistic curate of a
nearby town, who says the sermon during San Diego's
fiesta.
 Don Rafael Ibarra - father of Crisóstomo Ibarra.
Though he is the richest man in San Diego, he is also the
most virtuous and generous.
 Tía Isabel - Capitan Tiago's cousin, who raised
Maria Clara.
 Don Pedro Eibarramendia - the great-
grandfather of Crisóstomo Ibarra who came from the
Basque area of Spain.
 Don Saturnino Ibarra - the son of Don Pedro,
father of Don Rafael and grandfather of Crisóstomo
Ibarra. He was the one who developed the town of
San Diego.
 Sinang - Maria Clara's friend
 Iday, Andeng and Victoria - Maria Clara's other
friends
 Pedro – the abusive husband of Sisa who loves
cockfighting.
 Albino - a former seminarian who joined the picnic
with Ibarra and María Clara. Was later captured
during the revolution.
 Capitana María Elena - a nationalist woman
who defends Ibarra of the memory of his father.
 Sacristan Mayor - The one who governs the altar
boys and killed Crispín for his accusation.