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TRANSPORT

PHENOMENA
Disusun Oleh :

1. Asfahan Dwi P (011500401)


2. Ghea (011600438)
3. Retnaning S.R (011700003)
4. Riyan Aditiya (011700017)
5. Ilhami Ariyanti (011700021)
Example 19.4-2
A catalytic tubular reactor is shown in Fig. 19.4-2. A dilute solution of
solute A in a solvent S is in fully developed, laminar flow in the region z < 0.
When it encounters the catalytic wall in the region 0 ≤ z ≤ L, solute A is
instantaneously and irreversibly rearranged to an isomer B. Write the
diffusion equation appropriate for this problem, and find the solution for
short distances into the reactor. Assume that the flow is isothermal and
neglect the presence of B.
Solution
Asumsi :
•aliran steady state
•diffusi axial dapat diabaikan
•aliran horizontal (g=0)
•Aliran Isothermal
•B diabaikan
Solution
For the conditions stated above, the flowing liquid will always be very nearly
pure solvent S. The product ρDAS can be considered constant, and the
diffusion of A in S can be described by the steady-state version of Eq.
19.1-14 (ignoring the presence of a small amount of the reaction product
B). The relevant equations of change for the system are then
Solution
Equation 19.4-19 can be solved to give the parabolic velocity profile

When this result is substituted into Eq. 19.4-18, we get

This is to be solved with the boundary conditions


Solution
For short distances z into the reactor, the concentration CA differs from
CA0 only near the wall, where the velocity profile is practically linear.
Hence we can introduce the variable y = R - r, neglect curvature terms,
and replace B.C. 3 by a fictitious boundary condition at y = ∞
The reformulated problem statement is then
Solution
with the boundary conditions

This problem can be solved by the method of combination of independent


variables by seeking a solution of the form CA/CA0 = f(ɲ), where ɲ =
(y/R)(2Vz.maxR2/9DASz)1/3. One thus obtains the ordinary differential
equation f" + 3ɲ2f’ = 0, which can be integrated to give