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MATH 501

PRE-CALCULUS MATHEMATICS

MIKEE C. SANTARIN
JENNY ROSE O. SUMAGUI
MAEDMT
GRAPH OF THE
SINE FUNCTION
Graph of the Sine Function

A sine wave, or sinusoid, is the graph

of the sine function in trigonometry.
Sinusoids are considered to be the
general form of the sine function.
Graph of the Sine Function

To sketch the graph of 𝑦 = sin 𝑥 , first

locate the key points. These are the
maximum points, the minimum
points, and the intercepts.
TABLE OF VALUES FOR 𝒚 = 𝒔𝒊𝒏 𝒙
Then, connect the points on the graph with a
smooth curve that extends in both directions
beyond the points. A single cycle is called a
period.
GRAPH OF THE
COSINE FUNCTION
Graph of the Cosine Function

To sketch the graph of 𝑦 = 𝑐𝑜𝑠 𝑥 first

locate the key points. These are the
maximum points, the minimum
points, and the intercepts.
TABLE OF VALUES FOR 𝒚 = 𝒄𝒐𝒔 𝒙
Then, connect the points on the graph with a
smooth curve that extends in both directions
beyond the points. A single cycle is called a
period.
GRAPH OF THE
TANGENT FUNCTION
TANGENT FUNCTION
𝑠𝑖𝑛θ
tan θ =
𝑐𝑜𝑠θ
𝒚 = 𝒔𝒊𝒏 𝒙

𝒚 = 𝒄𝒐𝒔 𝒙
GRAPH OF THE TANGENT FUNCTION
AMPLITUDE AND
PERIOD
AMPLITUDE- half the vertical distance
form the maximum height to the minimum
height of the function
PERIOD- the horizontal length of one
repeating pattern of the function
INTERVAL- the domain of one cycle;
written as 𝑥𝑏, 𝑥𝑒 , where 𝑥𝑏 is the beginning
and 𝑥𝑒 is the end.
To calculate amplitude and period, the
equation of our sine and cosine curves
have to be in a specific form. The
equations have to look like this.

𝒚 = 𝐀 𝐬𝐢𝐧 𝑩𝒙
𝒚 = 𝑨 𝐜𝐨𝐬 𝑩𝒙
Once in that form, the parameters for
amplitude and period are calculated as
follows.

Amplitude = 𝑨
𝟐𝝅
Period =
𝑩
Example: 𝒚 = 𝟐 𝐬𝐢𝐧 𝟑𝒙
The a-value is the number in front of the sine function,
which is 2. This makes the amplitude equal to |2| or
simply 2. The graph of the function has a maximum y-
value of 2 and a minimum y-value of -2.
The b-value is the number next to the x-term, which is
3.
2𝜋
This means the period is 2𝜋 degrees divided by 3 or
. So, the curve has a y-intercept of zero (because it is
3
a sine curve it passes 2𝜋
through the origin) and it
completes one cycle in degrees.
3
𝟐𝝅 𝝅 𝝅 𝝅 𝝅 𝝅 𝝅 𝟐𝝅
− − − −
𝟑 𝟐 𝟑 𝟔 𝟔 𝟑 𝟐 𝟑

This particular interval of the curve is obtained by looking at the

starting point (0,0) and the end point (120,0). The domain (the x-
values) of this cycle go from 0 to 120. So, we write this interval as
[0,120].
𝒚 = 𝟐 𝐬𝐢𝐧 𝟑𝒙

Amplitude
=2
Period
2𝜋
𝝅 𝝅 𝝅 =
𝟐𝝅 𝝅 𝝅 𝝅 𝟐𝝅 3
− − − −
𝟑 𝟐 𝟑 𝟔 𝟔 𝟑 𝟐 𝟑 Interval
= 0,120
Sketch the graph of y = -2 sin x on the interval [0, 2].

AMPLITUDE= 2
PERIOD= 𝟐𝝅
1
Sketch the graph of y = 3 sin 𝑥 on the interval [-𝜋, 3].
2

AMPLITUDE= 3
PERIOD= 𝟒𝝅
MATH 501
PRE-CALCULUS MATHEMATICS

MIKEE C. SANTARIN
JENNY ROSE O. SUMAGUI
MAEDMT