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# MATH 501

PRE-CALCULUS MATHEMATICS

MIKEE C. SANTARIN
JENNY ROSE O. SUMAGUI
MAEDMT
GRAPH OF THE
SINE FUNCTION
Graph of the Sine Function

## A sine wave, or sinusoid, is the graph

of the sine function in trigonometry.
Sinusoids are considered to be the
general form of the sine function.
Graph of the Sine Function

## To sketch the graph of 𝑦 = sin 𝑥 , first

locate the key points. These are the
maximum points, the minimum
points, and the intercepts.
TABLE OF VALUES FOR 𝒚 = 𝒔𝒊𝒏 𝒙
Then, connect the points on the graph with a
smooth curve that extends in both directions
beyond the points. A single cycle is called a
period.
GRAPH OF THE
COSINE FUNCTION
Graph of the Cosine Function

## To sketch the graph of 𝑦 = 𝑐𝑜𝑠 𝑥 first

locate the key points. These are the
maximum points, the minimum
points, and the intercepts.
TABLE OF VALUES FOR 𝒚 = 𝒄𝒐𝒔 𝒙
Then, connect the points on the graph with a
smooth curve that extends in both directions
beyond the points. A single cycle is called a
period.
GRAPH OF THE
TANGENT FUNCTION
TANGENT FUNCTION
𝑠𝑖𝑛θ
tan θ =
𝑐𝑜𝑠θ
𝒚 = 𝒔𝒊𝒏 𝒙

𝒚 = 𝒄𝒐𝒔 𝒙
GRAPH OF THE TANGENT FUNCTION
AMPLITUDE AND
PERIOD
AMPLITUDE- half the vertical distance
form the maximum height to the minimum
height of the function
PERIOD- the horizontal length of one
repeating pattern of the function
INTERVAL- the domain of one cycle;
written as 𝑥𝑏, 𝑥𝑒 , where 𝑥𝑏 is the beginning
and 𝑥𝑒 is the end.
To calculate amplitude and period, the
equation of our sine and cosine curves
have to be in a specific form. The
equations have to look like this.

𝒚 = 𝐀 𝐬𝐢𝐧 𝑩𝒙
𝒚 = 𝑨 𝐜𝐨𝐬 𝑩𝒙
Once in that form, the parameters for
amplitude and period are calculated as
follows.

Amplitude = 𝑨
𝟐𝝅
Period =
𝑩
Example: 𝒚 = 𝟐 𝐬𝐢𝐧 𝟑𝒙
The a-value is the number in front of the sine function,
which is 2. This makes the amplitude equal to |2| or
simply 2. The graph of the function has a maximum y-
value of 2 and a minimum y-value of -2.
The b-value is the number next to the x-term, which is
3.
2𝜋
This means the period is 2𝜋 degrees divided by 3 or
. So, the curve has a y-intercept of zero (because it is
3
a sine curve it passes 2𝜋
through the origin) and it
completes one cycle in degrees.
3
𝟐𝝅 𝝅 𝝅 𝝅 𝝅 𝝅 𝝅 𝟐𝝅
− − − −
𝟑 𝟐 𝟑 𝟔 𝟔 𝟑 𝟐 𝟑

## This particular interval of the curve is obtained by looking at the

starting point (0,0) and the end point (120,0). The domain (the x-
values) of this cycle go from 0 to 120. So, we write this interval as
[0,120].
𝒚 = 𝟐 𝐬𝐢𝐧 𝟑𝒙

Amplitude
=2
Period
2𝜋
𝝅 𝝅 𝝅 =
𝟐𝝅 𝝅 𝝅 𝝅 𝟐𝝅 3
− − − −
𝟑 𝟐 𝟑 𝟔 𝟔 𝟑 𝟐 𝟑 Interval
= 0,120
Sketch the graph of y = -2 sin x on the interval [0, 2].

AMPLITUDE= 2
PERIOD= 𝟐𝝅
1
Sketch the graph of y = 3 sin 𝑥 on the interval [-𝜋, 3].
2

AMPLITUDE= 3
PERIOD= 𝟒𝝅
MATH 501
PRE-CALCULUS MATHEMATICS

MIKEE C. SANTARIN
JENNY ROSE O. SUMAGUI
MAEDMT