Sie sind auf Seite 1von 40

BY : PARTH K.

PATEL(08BCE201)
What is Ubuntu?
•Ubuntu is a Linux-based Operating
System
•It is the Most Popular Linux
Distribution.
•It is open sourced
 Cost free
 non-proprietary
•Strong focus on
 Usability
 Easy to installation
One user (initially— you can add
more users later)
• One password
• One application per task
• One CD for the entire operating system
ORIGIN
• Ubuntu is an African concept meaning “humanity
toward others”
• It is developed under Debian Project.(Largest
Linux software development community)
• Sponsored by Canonical Ltd.
• Owned by South African billionaire Mark
Shuttleworth
OPEN SOURCE
• Run for any purpose

• Study source code

• Modify source code

• Distribute and Publish


Requirements
 Requires less hard drive space (under 2-4 GB )
 Requires less RAM ( 128-256MB )
 Requires less CPU power (as old as Pentium II)
 Maintains its performance speed no matter how
much you use it.
Flexible
 Can be dual booted with current OS or used from
a live CD(require RAM - 384MB)
 Can run on older hardware and still perform well
 Extends the life of your current hardware to
nearly twice its useful life before needing to
upgrade
Variants of Ubuntu
 Kubuntu - Ubuntu with the K Desktop Environment
 Edubuntu - Ubuntu for Education , featuring a large
number of educational applications.
 Ubuntu Server Edition - Ubuntu for Servers
 Ubuntu Netbook Remix (UNR) - Ubuntu for Netbooks
 Xubuntu- Ubuntu for less-powerful computers.
 Lubuntu- Ubuntu with LXDE Environment
 Mythbuntu-Ubuntu with Myth TV software
Features
• Many different distributions
• Huge group of “free software proponents” (open
source)
• Ubuntu is free and always will be free.
• No key codes, activation, registration
• Ubuntu is most popular Linux-based OS in the
world (10 million users now and counting…)
Features(conti.)
• It take less
• installation time
• boot up time
• shutdown time
• Space
• It contains MultiBoot Loader (Grand Unified Boot
Loader)
• Dual boot with Windows , MAC

• Dell now offers desktops with Ubuntu


Compatible
• Natively Compatible with MS programs

• MS Word
• Excel
• PowerPoint
• Outlook
• Publisher
• Dreamweaver
• Project
• Adobe Acrobat
Security
•All Operating Systems are vulnerable
•Security requires a layered approach
•Fire-starter as fire-wall

Client host
UBUNTU is immune to
viruses
•Sudo tool

•Built by hackers to be inherently more


secure than any other operating
system

• Including spyware, adware, trojan


horses, worms, and any other
malware protections
• Antivirus :ClamTk(GNU)(GUI),ClamAv

• Trusted OS
• ATMs, BANK Server, some military aircraft
Ubuntu V/S Windows
How to install Ubuntu Linux?
•Step 1 : Insert the ubuntu cd in the cd drive and boot the computer from
cd. First of all you will be prompted to select language. Select English or
other language according to your preferences.
•Step 2 : Now you will see ubuntu menu, you can choose Try ubuntu without installing
option to try ubuntu without actually installing it on your hard drive. For installing
ubuntu choose the second option Install Ubuntu.
•Step 3 : Ubuntu will start now initialize and after few minutes you can see the
installation wizard.
•Step 4 : Click Forward and it will check the minimum requirements for running
ubuntu on your PC. If everything is fine you can see green colored tick marks. You
can also select to download updates while installing and install some third party
software. After selecting the things you want click forward.
•Step 5 : Now you can choose either erase and use entire disk option or specify
partitions manually option. You can choose the 1st option if you just want linux to
exist in your system. Else select second option. Now it will display the free space
available for your pc.
Select free space and click on Add option to create a new partition and
choose partition type as primary, size around 70% of the free space
available or choose anything like 10,000 or 20,000mb, use as ext3
journaling file system and select mount point as /.
Now again select free space from the table and click add
option. Now select size to be around 300mb, use as ext3
journaling file system and select mount point as /boot.
Now again select free space from the table and click add option. Now select size to
be around twice the size of your ram that is around 1000 mb if your ram size is
512mb and select use as swap area and click ok.
Step 6 : Click Install now button and then the wizard will
ask you location. Select your location and click forward.
Step 7 : While you are selecting these options wizard will continue to copy
files. Now select your desired keyboard layout and click forward.
Step 8 : Now fill in the details about yourself. Fill your name, computer name,
choose a userna me and create a password and click forward and let ubuntu copy
all the essential files.
copying files
Step 9 : After all files have been copied and installed ubuntu will display a
message saying that installation complete and click on restart button to
restart your computer. Remove the cd from the cd drive.
Step 10 : After restarting your pc wait for the ubuntu to load and then it will
display the login screen. Choose the user and enter password and click
login.
Bin
Dash Home
Home
Date and Time
Libre Office
Libre Office Calculator
Libre Office Writer
Shutdown
ANY Q???
THANK YOU…