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INTERSUBJECTIVITY

MAN AND
FELLOWMAN
By: Martin Buber

ELEMENTS OF THE INTERHUMAN


Biography

Martin Buber
was an Austrian-born
Jewish philosopher best
known for his philosophy
of dialogue, a form of
existentialism centered on
the distinction between the
I–Thou relationship and the
I–It relationship.
Is Adam in nature a social being?
No Man is an Island
BUBER: The Sphere of the Interhuman
•The Social is the life of •The Interhuman is the
the group of people life between persons,
bound together by the interpersonal, the
common experiences life of dialogue, The
and reactions. “I-THOU”.
“I-Thou” is distinguish from “I-It”
“I-It” relationship is the “I-Thou”, a person becomes
human being dehumanize, aware of the other not as a
depersonalized others. mere object.

One way of distinguishing dialogue from


monologue is to describe the obstacles to dialogue
which would be the characteristics of monologue.
I - Thou
-Sees the other person as a
fellow human being
-A person of unique value
-A brother/ sister
-Gives respect
-Honors the person as a child of
God
I – It
Sees the person as a thing rather than a
person – a baker, a butcher, a candle
maker.
Values other person for what he/ she
can produce or “can do for me” – pay
me money, make me look good, fulfill
my vision of myself.
Challenge
- To always treat people as “Thou”
and never as “It”
- Requires listening and knowing
the real person
- Requires Humility
- Requires Love
Characteristics of Monologue
• The first obstacle to dialogue is
"SEEMING”, in contrast to “BEING”.

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Characteristics of Monologue
• "SEEMING” • Buber: “Man is
distinguishes from the seeking confirmation
“Genuine Seeming.” of his being.”

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Characteristics of Monologue
• The second obstacle to dialogue is
“speechifying” in contrast to “personal making
present”.

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Characteristics of Monologue
• The third obstacle to dialogue is
IMPOSITION, in contrast to UNFOLDING.

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Hindrance in the Interhuman: Seeming,
Imposition, I-it relationship

“It’s wrong
to
pretend.”
Genuine Dialogue
maintains a
climate of
great
faithfulness,
respect and
There is truthfulness.
turning to the
partner or
turning of the
being –
“personal
making
present”
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Human person naturally seek and are able
to achieve and maintain genuine, meaning
relations with each other. The human
person is considered as a “being with
others”, w/c means that his or her identity
and destiny are shaped by relating with
others.
Empathy
The ability to share emotions, in
an important aspect of
intersubjectivity. This emotion
is driven by a person’s
awareness that the other is a
person with thoughts and
feelings.
Empathy
Enables us to
experience another
person’s emotions,
such as happiness,
anger and sadness.
Empathy
“Filling-in the shoe
of others”
Sympathy
is the perception, understanding, and
reaction to the distress or need of
another life form. This empathic
concern is driven by a switch in
viewpoint, from a personal
perspective to the perspective of
another group or individual who is in
need.
Availability
Refers to the willingness
of a person to be present
for another and render
assistance to another.
Ethics of Care
The theory on the ethics of care
emphasizes the moral dimension of
human interactions. It believes that
people have a moral obligation to
respond to the needs of others, and
encourages individuals to extend help
to people in need.
Persons with
Disabilities
Persons w/ Disabilities
-Helen Keller
-Nicholas James
“Nick” Vujicic
-Roselle Ambubuyog
Nick Vujicic
Various Advocacies
supporting group
for Persons with
Disabilities
Paralympics
Paralympics
International Day of PWD’s
(December 3)
World Down Syndrome
World Autism Awareness