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CCNA 3 Chapter 6

Switches

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Your Name

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Objectives

• LAN design
• LAN switches

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LAN Design Goals
• Functionality
• Scalability
• Adaptability
• Manageability

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LAN Design Considerations
• The function and placement of servers
• Collision-detection issues
• Segmentation issues
• Broadcast domain issues

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LAN Design Methodology
• Gather requirements and expectations
• Analyze requirements and data
• Design the Layer 1, 2, and 3 LAN structure,
or topology
• Document the logical and physical network
implementation

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Layer 1 Design

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Typical MDF in Star Topologies

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Layer 1 Documentation

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Layer 2 Design

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LAN Topology

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Microsegmentation

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Asymmetric Switching

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Layer 3 Design

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Logical Structure

Routers provide scalability because they serve as


firewalls for broadcasts. They can also provide
scalability by dividing networks into subnetworks, or
subnets, based on Layer 3 addresses.
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Physical Network Maps

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VLAN Communication

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LAN Switches

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Access Layer

Shared bandwidth
Switched bandwidth
MAC layer bandwidth
Microsegmentation

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Access Layer Switches
• Catalyst 1900 series
• Catalyst 2820 series
• Catalyst 2950 series
• Catalyst 4000 series
• Catalyst 5000 series

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Distribution Layer

• Aggregation of the wiring-closet connections


• Broadcast/multicast domain definition
• VLAN routing
• Any media transitions that need to occur
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• Security
Distribution Layer Switches

•Catalyst 2926G
•Catalyst 5000 family
•Catalyst 6000 family

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Core Layer

The core layer is a high-speed switching backbone.


The core layer should be designed to switch packets
as fast as possible.

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Core Layer Switches
• Catalyst 6500 series
• Catalyst 8500 series
• IGX 8400 series
• Lightstream 1010

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