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By

Shivendra pratap singh


(T16ME008)

National Institute of Technology Meghalaya


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Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya
CONTENTS
Introduction
History

Types

Working

India

 Classes of submarine in India

Conclusions

 References

Wikipedia(1200 × 960Search by image)


Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya 2
 A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate
underwater.
 A warship with a streamlined hull designed to operate
completely submerged in the sea for long periods, equipped
with a periscope and typically armed with torpedoes or
missiles.
 A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of
independent operation underwater. It differs from
a submersible which has more limited underwater capability.
 The noun submarine evolved as a shortened form of
submarine boat; by naval tradition, submarines are usually
referred to as "boats" rather than as "ships", regardless of
their size.
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Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya
 The first submarine made by Englishman Cornelis
Drebble (1620).
 The Turtle made by David Bushnell (1766).
 Robert Fulton (1765–1815) designs a convertible ship.
 The Confederate navy's H. L. Hunley became the first
military submarine to sink an enemy vessel (1864).
 The Submarine Explorer was the first submarine to
successfully dive, cruise underwater, and resurface under
the control of the crew (1886)
 Simon Lake, launches the Argonaut, the first submarine to
operate in the open sea (1897).
 The USS Holland, named for its Irish-American inventor
John Holland (1900).
 U-boats (short for Unterseeboot).
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Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya
Pleasure Submarine
Scientific submarines
Military submarines

Neyk Submarine312 × 213Search by image

scientific submarine - Google Search |


VEHICLE | Pinterest | Submarines and
Search

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Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya
Perspective

Submarines based on the type of fuel


Diesel-electric
Nuclear Power
Alternative propulsion

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Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya
• A submarine or a ship can float because the weight
of water that it displaces is equal to the weight of the ship.
This displacement of water creates an upward force called
the buoyant force and acts opposite to gravity, which would
pull the ship down. Unlike a ship, a submarine can control its
buoyancy, thus allowing it to sink and surface at will.
• To control its buoyancy, the submarine has ballast tanks and
auxiliary, or trim tanks.

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Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya
Rick Campbell
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Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya
Parts of a Submarine
Outer Hull and Pressure Hull

http://www.marineinsight.com/naval-architecture/introduction-to-submarine-
design
Main Ballast Tanks (MBTs)

http://www.marineinsight.com/naval-architecture/introduction-to-submarine-
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Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya
Sail or Bridge Fin

Control Surfaces

Weapons

Navigation

Life Support

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Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya
The Indian Navy currently operates 14 diesel powered
submarines; and one nuclear powered submarine.
India's submarine fleet is based at two locations,
Visakhapatnam on the east coast and Mumbai on the west
coast.
An additional west coast base is also being constructed at
Karwar; located 650km south of Mumbai.
In July 2009 India launched its first ATV submarine, the
INS Arihant, at the Ship Building Centre in Vishakapatnam.
India's nuclear powered submarine program is under the
management and operations (M&O) of the Defence Research
and Development Organisation (DRDO), the Department of
Atomic Energy (DAE), and the Indian Navy at Visakhapatnam.
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Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya
Commissioned submarines
Class Type Boats Origin

Nuclear-powered submarines (2 in service)

Arihant class Ballistic missile INS Arihant (S73) India


submarine (SSBN)

Chakra (Akula II) Attack submarine Russia


class (SSN)
INS Chakra (S71)

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Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya
Class Type Boats Origin

Diesel-electric submarines (13 in Service)

Sindhughosh cl Attack INS Sindhughosh (S55) Soviet Union


ass submarine INS Sindhudhvaj (S56)
INS Sindhuraj (S57)
INS Sindhuvir (S58)
INS Sindhuratna (S59)
INS Sindhukesari (S60)
INS Sindhukirti (S61)
INS Sindhuvijay (S62)
INS Sindhurashtra (S65)

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Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya
Class Type Boats Origin

Diesel-electric submarines (13 in Service)

Shishumar clas Attack INS Shishumar (S44) Germany


s submarine INS Shankush (S45)
INS Shalki (S46)
INS Shankul (S47)

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Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya
Undergoing sea trials
Class Type Boats Origin

Kalvari class Attack France


submarine INS Kalvari (S50) India
INS Khanderi (S51)

Under construction
Class Type Boats Origin

Arihant class Ballistic missile India


submarine INS Aridhaman (S74)
(SSBN)
Kalvari class Attack France
submarine INS Vela (S52) India
S 53
S 54
S 55
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Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya
Conclusions
 It can be help full in exploring the
oceans
 Builds a high defense line

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Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya
References
 Marine, a book written by Tom Clancy about a Marine
Expeditionay Unit .
 http://www.marineinsight.com/naval-architecture/submarine-
design-unique tanks-submarine.
 Telmo, Archipielago de las Perlas, Panama". International
Journal of Nautical Archaeology 35 (2): 230– 252.
 http://science.howstuffworks.com/transport/engines-
equipment/submarine5.htm
 http://www.actforlibraries.org/parts-of-a-submarine
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List of submarines of the Indian
Navy

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Department of Mechanical Engineering National Institute of Technology Meghalaya