Sie sind auf Seite 1von 16

Safety and Accidents

Safety Measures to
prevent Electrical
accidents
Common Causes of Electrical
Accidents
• Opening & closing of switches without authority or warning,
operating hoists and trucks without warning, failure to place
warning signs or signals where needed.
• Working unsafely such as throwing materials or tools, at
another worker, jumping from vehicles and platforms, or
necessary haste.
• Making safety devices inoperative.
• Using unsafe equipment, wrong tools for the jobs or using
hands instead of hand tools.
• Working on live electrical equipment that could conveniently
be de – energized.
• Taking unsafe position or posture too close to opening 7
lifting while in awkward position.
Common Causes of Electrical
Accidents
• Distracting , teasing, practical joking, horse play, quarrelling or
annoying.
• Failure to use safe clothing or protective equipment such as failure to
use rubber gloves, helmet on energized equipment.
• Unguarded floor openings and excavations, exposed live circuits.
• Improper illumination such as insufficient light or unsuitable location
producing glare or objectionable shadows.
• Unsafe design and construction, such as poor scaffolding and
structure, structures like platforms should have large safety factors,
and their construction and design in general should incorporate safety
features.
• Those over which we have limited control, like floods, land slides
earthquakes, fires, lightning and other acts of nature.
• Those due improper or defective equipment to failure to provide
adequate protective devises.
Prevention of Accidents

• DO NOT renew a blown fuse until you are satisfied as to the cause and you
have rectified the irregularity
• DO NOT disconnect a plug by pulling flexible cable when the switch is on
• DO NOT close any Switch / GOS/ Breaker unless you are familiar with the
circuit which it controls and know the reason for its being kept open .
• DO NOT work on energized circuits without taking extra precautions, such
as use of rubber gloves and gauntlets.
• DO NOT touch or tamper with any electrical equipment or conductor, unless
you have made sure that it is DEAD and Earthed .
• DO NOT work on the live circuit without the specific orders of the
supervision and make certain that all safety precautions have been taken.
• DO NOT disconnect earthing connection or render ineffective the safety
gadgets installed on mains and apparatus.
• DO NOT open or close switch or fuse slowly or hesitatingly.
• DO NOT touch an electric circuit when your hands are wet, or bleeding
from cut or an abrasion.
Prevention of Accidents

• DO NOT use fire extinguisher on electrical equipment unless it is clearly


marked for that purpose.
• DO NOT throw water on live electrical equipment in case of fire.
• DO NOT attempt to disengage a person in contact with a live apparatus,
Which you cannot switch – off immediately.
• Do NOT touch his body. Push him with a piece of dry wood.
• DO NOT discontinue artificial respiration until recovery or death is
confirmed by the Doctor.
• DO NOT allow visitors and unauthorized persons to touch or handle
electrical apparatus or come within the danger zone of HV apparatus.
• DO NOT test circuit with bare fingers.
• DO NOT trust luck, but trust safety.
• DO NOT joke begins in fun, and ends in death.
• DO NOT shorten your life, life is short and precious.
Reporting of Accidents

• All electrical accidents and Mechanical


injury caused due to electrical shock and
should be reported by the concerned
within 24 hours to the Electrical
Inspectorate and that in case of death, the
notice should be sent by telegram or
telephone confirmed on the same day in
writing. The telephone message should be
in the standard format
Accident Report:

• Name of the Section / Sub- Section


• Date and time of occurrence.
• Name of casualty, sex and age.
• Fatal / Non – fatal ( if non – fatal state condition)
• Departmental or Non – departmental
• ( if departmental, details of
• Check No. and designation etc., to be furnished.)
• Voltage , name of feeder and place of accident.
• State occurrence in brief
• Date and time of reporting.
Accident Report:

• The telephone message should also be


conveyed to the Superintending Engineer
and the Chief Engineer of the Zone,
Corporate Office, on the same day. A
detailed report shall be submitted to the
chief Electrical Inspectorate within 48 hrs.
Format of Accident Report

• Date and time Accident.


• Place of Accident.
• ( Village, Town, Tehsil / Thana, District and
state)
• System and voltage of supply
• Designation of the officer in-charge of the
supplier in whose jurisdiction the accident
occurred.
• Name of owner / user of energy in whose
premises the accident occurred.
INTOXICATION AND ELECTIRCAL WORKS
THE COVER OF THE MACHINES
EARTH WORK PARTICULARLY WITH SHAP TOOLS
CLEANING WORK IN ELECTRICAL
INSTALLATIONS
ELECTRIC FIRE AT A PUBLIC FUNCTION
CAN A MAN FALL INTO THE TRAP MEANT FOR ANIMALS?
CAN YOU UNDER TAKE ELECTRICAL WORKS WHEN
THERE IS NO SUPPLY?