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International Grain Code

Part A : 10 ,11 ,12


10 : STOWAGE OF BULK GRAIN
Content 11 : STRENGTH OF GRAIN FITTINGS
12 : DIVISIONS LOADED ON BOTH
SIDES
10 : STOWAGE OF BULK GRAIN

10.1 Levelled Trimming and Minimise


Grain shifting.

In filled compartment - trimmed -


10.2
Max fill spaces under decks and
hatchcovers.

In filled compartment - untrimmed -


10.3 Max extent in way of hatch opening.
Natural Angle of Repose outside
periphery of the hatch opening.
10 : STOWAGE OF BULK GRAIN
Filled compartment may qualify (10.3) if it falls to below category :

Authority issuing DOA ,under (B6) grant dispensation


10.3.1 from trimming where underdeck void geometry
resulting free flowing grain into a compartment with
feeder ducts is considered calculating void depths.

Compartment “specially suitable” (A 2.7) -


10.3.2 where dispensation may be granted from
trimming the ends of that compartment.
10 : STOWAGE OF BULK GRAIN

10.4 Hatch Cover properly secured when


no bulk grain or cargo above lower
cargo space cont grain.

Tween deck hatch covers must be


10.5 grain tight by taping the joints ,
covering hatchway with taupaulins or
separation cloth when grain loaded.

After Loading - Free grain surfaces in


10.6 partly filled compartment - Levelled.
10 : STOWAGE OF BULK GRAIN

10.7 Unless taken adverse heeling


effect ,the bulk grain surface be
secured by overstowing (A 16), partly
filled as in A 17 or A 18.
Lower cargo space and tween deck
10.8 space loaded as 1 compartment in
calculating transverse heeling mt,
considering lower space grain flow.

Longitudenal Divisions installed to


10.9 reduce the adverse heeling effect of
grain shift.
10 : STOWAGE OF BULK GRAIN
The LONGITUDENAL DIVISIONS Should be :

10.9.1 Division should be Grain Tight

Construction meet Req - A 11 , A 12


10.9.2
& A 13.

Tween Decks Division Extend - From


Deck to Deck.
10.9.3
Cargo spaces - Downwards from
underside of the deck or hatch.(B2.8.2)
11 : STRENGTH OF GRAIN FITTINGS
• Good Quality Fittings
11.1 TIMBER : • Dimensions according to specified below.
• Plywood bonded with with waterproof glue &
fitted perpendicular supporting uprights.

Working Stress (Calculating Dimensions of Divisions)


11.2
using tables A 13-1 to A 13-6.
• Division of steel : 19.6 kN/cm2)
• Divisions of wood : 1.57 kN/cm2)

Other Materials (except wood or steel) used as divisions


11.3 with proper regard to their mechanical properties.
11 : STRENGTH OF GRAIN FITTINGS
11.4 Uprights
11.4.1 Depth of Housing at end of upright > 75mm.If upright
not secured at top - uppermost shore or stay shall be
fitted.

Inserting shifting boards by removing a part of cross


11.4.2 section that local level of stress is not unduly high.

Max bend moment imposed be calculated assuming the


11.4.3 ends are freely suspended.
11 : STRENGTH OF GRAIN FITTINGS

Composite Section - Uprights,binders


11.5
formed by 2 seperate sections one
fitted on each side of division and
connected through bolts.
Effective section = sum of two moduli.

Partial division - Divisions dont


exceed to full depth of cargo space
11.6
shall be supported or stayed as
those which do extend to the full
depth of cargo space.
12 : DIVISIONS LOADED ON BOTH SIDES

12.1 Shifting board thickness > 50mm


Fitted Grain tight supprt by uprights.

Max unsupported span for shifting board differs 0.5m for


.2 every 10mm from 50mm - 2.5m.
Max unsupported span vary directly with thickness increase.

Ends of shifting boards securly housed with 75mm min


.3 bearing length
12 : DIVISIONS LOADED ON BOTH SIDES

Divisions by other materials than wood have to satisfy


12.2
conditions as in A12.1.
Uprights
Steel uprights used to support divisons have suction
12.3 modulus : W = a x W1. (a- horizontal span b/w uprights)
The section modulus per metre span W1 shall not be less
than : W1 = 14.8 (h1 - 1.2)cm3/m

.3.2 The horizontal distance b/w uprights so that the unsupported


spans of shifting boards do not exceed max span.
12 : DIVISIONS LOADED ON BOTH SIDES

12.4 Shores
1. Wood shores be in single piece securely fixed & heeled
against permenant structure without damaging side
plating.
2. The min size of wood shores be as follows :
12 : DIVISIONS LOADED ON BOTH SIDES

12.4 Shores

3 Horizontal distance between uprights differs significantly


from 4m the moment of inertia of the shores maybe changed
in direct proportion.

The angle of the shore to the horizontal exceeds 10 Deg the


4 next larger shore to that req.by A 12.4.2 shall be fitted
provided that in no case shall the angle b/w any and the
horizontal exceed 45 deg.
12 : DIVISIONS LOADED ON BOTH SIDES

12.5 STAYS

• Support divisions on both sides.


• Formed of steel wire rope and fitted horizontally.
• Stay supports uniformly loaded at 4.9 kN/m2.
• Workload of stay not exceed 1/3 of breaking load.