Sie sind auf Seite 1von 11

Non – Mendelian Pattern of

Inheritance
Non – Mendelian Pattern of Inheritance
• Incomplete Dominance – is a third (new) phenotype appears in the
heterozygous condition as a BLEND of the dominant and recessive
• Codominance - in the heterozygous condition, both alleles are expressed
equally with NO blending! Represented by using two DIFFERENT capital
letters.
• Multiple alleles
- there are more than two alleles for a gene.
• Sex – related Inheritance
• Sex – linked
• Sex – limited
• Sex – Influenced
Objective:
• Explain the different patterns of non –
Mendelian pattern of inheritance, “Sex – Linked
Traits”.
•What is sex – linked traits?
Sex – linked Genes
• Genes located on the X – chromosomes are called x –
linked genes.
• Genes on the Y chromosomes are called Y-linked
genes.
X – linked Genes
• An example of an X-linked trait in
humans is hemophilia.
• A person suffering from hemophilia could
die from loss of blood even from a small
wound because the blood either clots very
slowly or does not clot at all.
• Another example of an X-linked trait is
color blindness. To illustrate the
inheritance of an X-linked trait, we will use
color blindness in our discussion.
• Let us study Table 3. The X chromosome
with the gene for color blindness is
represented as 𝑋 𝑐 , while the one without
is represented as X.
Y – linked Genes
• hypertrichosis pinnae auris, a
genetic
• disorder in humans that causes
hairy ears. Since the trait is found in
the Y chromosome, then
• only males can have the trait. A
father who has the condition will
pass it on to all his sons, and
Sex – linked Genes
• they, in turn, will pass it on to their
own sons.
Activity 5: When
Gender Matters 2. Illustrate using a Punnett square
the probability of having children
• Objective: who will have normal vision and
• Solve problems related to sex-linked traits.
children who will be color-blind.
• Materials:
• Activity sheets X 𝑿𝒄
• Procedure: 𝑿 𝑿𝒄 𝑿𝒄 𝑿𝒄
𝑿𝒄 Normal Female but
1. Read the given problem: carrier of the gene Color – blind Female

A. Color-blindness is a recessive, sex- XY 𝑿𝒄 𝒀


linked disorder in humans. A color-blind Y Normal Male
Color – blind Male
man has a child with a woman who is a
carrier of the disorder. Genotypes Phenotype
X 𝑿𝒄 = 25%
• KEY: X = normal vision 𝑋 𝑐 = color- 𝑿𝒄 𝑿𝒄 = 𝟐𝟓%
Normale Male= 25%
blindness Normal Female= 𝟐𝟓%
XY = 25% Color Blind Male = 25%
𝑿𝒄 𝒀 = 𝟐𝟓 % Color Blind Female= 𝟐𝟓 %
Ratio: 1:1:1:1 Ratio: 1:1:1:1
Illustrate using a Punnett square the probability of having
children who will have normal vision and children who will be
color-blind. If Both parents are Color – Blind.
𝑿𝒄 𝑿𝒄
1. What is the chance that the child
𝒄
𝑿 𝑿 𝒄 𝑿𝒄 𝑿𝒄
𝑿𝒄
Color - blind female Color - blind female
will be color-
blind?__100%___________________
𝑿𝒄 𝒀 𝑿𝒄 𝒀
Y
Color - blind male Color - blind male 2. What is the chance that a
Genotypes
daughter will be color-blind?
Phenotype
𝑿𝒄 𝑿𝒄 = 𝟓𝟎% Color – blind __50%_________________
𝑿𝒄 𝒀 = 𝟓𝟎% Female = 50 %
Ratio: 2:2 or 1:1 Color - blind Male
3. What is the chance that a son will
= 50% be color-
Ratio = 2:2 or 1:1 blind?___50%_____________________