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Socio

Cultural
Cultural
DEVELOPMENTS
IN THE 19TH CENTURY
Socio Cultural
DEVELOPMENTS
1) RAPID SPREAD of EDUCATION
2) EUROPEAN EDUCATION of ILUSTRADOS
3) SPECIAL INTEREST IN PHILIPINE HISTORY
Jesuits
• Major influences in educational developments
• 1768 – Expelled from the PH along with Spanish empire
• 1859 – Returned for evangelization of Mindanao
• New ideas and methods for PH educational system
Ateneo Municipal
• 1859 – Primary School
• 1865 – Secondary School
with present-day college
instructional level
Rizal’s Memorias
“The eyes of my intelligence opened a
little, and my heart began to cherish
nobler sentiments…”
“My patriotic sentiments greatly
developed.”
Humanistic
Education
• Principles of human dignity,
justice and equality of all men
• Wider perspective
• Rejection of established order
“The Jesuits have surely not intended
to teach us love of country, but they have
showed us all that is beautiful and all that
is best.” - Rizal to Ferdinand Blumentritt
Ilustrados in Spain
• Saw the liberties in the Peninsula
• Became conscious of servitude
that Filipinos suffer
• Realized that reform and
modernization is impossible
under the Spanish rule
SPECIAL INTEREST
IN THE

Filipino
Past is important in the
•Historical investigation

creation of a national
consciousness
RIZAL’S EDITION OF
SUCESOS DE LAS
ISLAS FILIPINAS
• Process of seeking foundation of
nationalism
• Evidences of Filipino civilization before
Spaniard rule
Socio Cultural
DEVELOPMENTS
1) RAPID SPREAD of EDUCATION
2) EUROPEAN EDUCATION of ILUSTRADOS
3) SPECIAL INTEREST IN PHILIPPINE HISTORY
fin.