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WIND POWER

 Wind power is now


the world's fastest
growing energy
source and has also
become one of the
most rapidly
expanding industries
SAILS
 Since ancient times,
people have
harnessed the winds
energy. Over 5,000
years ago, the ancient
Egyptians used wind
to sail ships on the
Nile River.
WINDMILLS  Later, people built
windmills to grind wheat
and other grains. The
earliest known windmills
were in Persia . These early
windmills looked like
large paddle wheels.
Centuries later, the people
of Holland improved the
basic design of the
windmill. They gave it
propeller-type blades, still
made with sails.
WIND
 Wind is simple air in
motion. It is caused by
the uneven heating of
the earth’s surface by the
sun. Since the earth’s
surface is made of very
different types of land
and water, it absorbs the
sun’s heat at different
rates.
 Today, wind energy is
mainly used to
generate electricity.
Wind is called a
renewable energy
source because the
wind will blow as long
as the sun shines.
HOW WIND MACHINES WORK
 Like old fashioned windmills,
today’s wind machines use blades
to collect the wind’s kinetic
energy. Windmills work because
they slow down the speed of the
wind. The wind flows over the
airfoil shaped blades causing lift,
like the effect on airplane wings,
causing them to turn. The blades
are connected to a drive shaft that
turns an electric generator to
produce electricity.
PARTS OF A TURBINE:
 Nacelle - contains the key components
of the wind turbine, including the
gearbox, and the electrical generator.

 Tower - carries the nacelle and the rotor.


Generally, it is an advantage to have a
high tower, since wind speeds increase
farther away from the ground.
 Rotor blades - capture wind energy and
transfer its power to the rotor hub.

 Generator - converts the mechanical


energy of the rotating shaft to electrical
energy.

 Gearbox - increases the rotational speed


of the shaft for the generator.
Wind Turbines
 A wind turbine is a machine used for
converting the kinetic energy in wind into
mechanical energy.

Wind Mills
 The mechanical energy is used directly by
machinery directly such as pumps
TYPES OF WIND TURBINES
There are two types of wind turbines used today
based on the direction of the rotating axis:
 Horizontal–Axis Wind Machines
-has its blades rotating on an axis
parallel to the ground
 Vertical-Axis Wind Machines
-has its blades rotating on an axis
perpendicular to the ground
EXAMPLES OF VERTICAL- AXIS
WIND TURBINE

a. Early wind turbine


b. Cup Anemometer
c. Savonius Wind Turbine
d. Flapping Pane Wind Turbine
e. Darrieus Wind Turbine
f. Giromill Wind Turbine
EARLY WIND TURBINE
 The Persian windmill was used around
1000 B.C. to turn a grindstone. It is the
oldest known windmill design. The
machine works by blocking the wind
blowing on ½ of its sails. The sails
exposed to the wind are pushed
downwind due to drag, causing the
windmill to rotate.
CUP ANEMOMETER
A cup anemometer is a drag-type
vertical axis wind turbine

The anonometer is an instrument


for measuring the speed of airflow.
SAVONIUS WIND TURBINE
 The Savonius turbine is S-shaped if
viewed from above. This drag-type
VAWT turns relatively slowly, but yields
a high torque. It is useful for grinding
grain, pumping water, and many other
tasks, but its slow rotational speeds
make it unsuitable for generating
electricity on a large-scale.
FLAPPING PANEL WIND
TURBINE
the wind can actually come
from any direction and the wind
turbine will work the same way
DARRIEUS WIND TURBINE
 The Darrieus turbine is the most famous
vertical axis wind turbine. It is characterised
by its C-shaped rotor blades which give it its
eggbeater appearance. It is normally built
with two or three blades.
 The Darrieus turbine is not self starting. It
needs to start turbing before the wind will
begin rotating it.
GIROMILL WIND TURBINE
 The giromill is typically powered by two
or three vertical aerofoils attached to the
central mast by horizontal supports.
Giromill turbines work well in turbulent
wind conditions and are an affordable
option where a standard horizontal axis
windmill type turbine is unsuitable.
EXAMPLES OF HORIZONTAL- AXIS
WIND TURBINE

a. Up- Wind Turbines


b. Down- Wind Turbines
c. Shrouded Wind Turbines
UP- WIND TURBINES
 Some wind turbines are designed to
operate in an upwind mode (with the
blades upwind of the tower). Large wind
turbines use a motor-driven mechanism
that turns the machine in response to a
wind direction. Smaller wind turbines use
a tail vane to keep the blades facing into
the wind.
DOWN- WIND TURBINES
 Other wind turbines operate in a
downwind mode so that the wind passes
the tower before striking the blades.
Without a tail vane, the machine rotor
naturally tracks the wind in a downwind
mode.
SHROUDED WIND
TURBINES
 Some turbines have an added structural
design feature called an augmentor. The
augmentor is intended to increase the
amount of wind passing through the
blades.
WIND FARM
 a group of wind turbines in the same
location used to produce electricity. A
large wind farm may consist of several
hundred individual wind turbines and
cover an extended area of hundreds of
square miles, but the land between the
turbines may be used for agricultural or
other purposes. A wind farm can also be
located offshore.
BANGUI WIND FARM
 Bangui Wind Farm is a wind farm in
Bangui, Ilocos Norte, Philippines. The
wind farm uses 20 units of 70-metre
(230 ft) high Vestas V82 1.65 MW wind
turbines, arranged on a single row
stretching along a nine-kilometer
shoreline off Bangui Bay, facing the
West Philippine Sea.
BURGOS WIND FARM
 Burgos Wind Farm is a wind farm in
Burgos, Ilocos Norte, Philippines. It is
the second wind farm built in the
province of Ilocos Norte and the largest
project of its kind in the Philippines.
The estimated cost for the construction
of the wind farm was US$450 million.
CAPARISPISAN WIND FARM
 Caparispisan Wind Farm is a wind
farm in Pagudpud, Ilocos Norte,
Philippines. The wind farm was joint
venture of AC Energy Holdings
Incorporated, the Philippine Alliance
for Infrastructure and the UPC
Philippines Wind Holdco. The wind
farm project amounted to $220 million.
Wind Energy Power System
(WEPS)
 The Wind Energy Power System
(WEPS) is a wind farm project located
near Puerto Galera, in the Philippine
province of Mindoro Oriental. Once
completed the project will be the
largest in the country generating an
estimated 48MW of electricity
PILILLA WIND FARM
 The "Pililla, Rizal" Wind Energy Service
Contract granted to Alternergy Philippine
Holdings Corporation (APHC) covers an area of
4,515 hectares under Department of Energy
WESC NO. 2009-09-018. This Wind Energy
Service Contract (WESC) has two phases, Pililla
Wind Power Project under WESC NO. 2009-
09-018-AF1 and the Mt. Sembrano Wind Power
Project under WESC NO. 2009-09-018-AP2.
ADVANTAGES OF WIND
ENERGY
 Clean & Environment friendly Fuel
source.
 Renewable & Sustainable
 Cost Effective
 Industrial and Domestic Installation
 Job Creation
DISADVANTAGES OF
WIND ENERGY
 Fluctuation of Wind and Good wind
sites
 Noise and aesthetic pollution
 Not a profitable use of land
 Threat to wildlife