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What is furniture?
• It is movable objects in a room
that are used for sitting, function
and for decoration.
1. Free standing

• It can be moved or arranged

relatively. Accumulates dust, dirt,
behind, above and beneath it.
2. Built – in

• The term may refer to a separate

piece of furniture that has been
fixed in place and which now
employs part of the surrounding
architecture as an integral part of
its construction,.
• Wardrobes and kitchen includes
in these type
3. Fitted

• Includes items like shelves and

headboards. Use of alcoves and
recesses ensures good use of
4. Cantilevered

• supported or only one end can

be quite effective from a design
5. Upholstered

• Sofas, armchairs are in this type.

Suitability of fabric needs to be
considered, as does ease of
cleaning and maintenance.
6. Antique

• Usually very expensive, can be

impractical, risky and difficult to
replace and repairs often need to
be carried out by a specialist
Fixtures and Fittings
Principles to follow when
arranging furniture
• Spacing – Avoid using too large and
heavy furniture across a corner and
in small room instead small pieces
like chair and table may be placed in
a corner for interest and good design.

• Beauty – Arrange the furniture in a

more interesting style where there is
a center of interest. Television, radio
and eye – catching display could be
put into center to attract family
members and even visitors.
• Unity – Furniture of the same kind
should be grouped together and
furniture used for certain activity
should be grouped together. In
bedroom, the clothes, closets and the
dresser should be near each other.
Group furniture of similar heights

• Variety – Different kinds of furniture

may be grouped together according
to its function. If they will be used
together. A small piece of furniture
may be placed across a corner. Large
pieces should be parallel to the wall.
• Balance or restfulness- Two
sides of a center of interest in an
arrangement should be equal
and interesting. Three small
pieces can balance one large

• Individuality- Furniture
arrangements reflect the
personality of the one living in
the home and style it according
to our taste.
Below are some guides for successful care
and maintenance for furniture and fixtures:

• Use cleaning solution for a better and

shiner results to furniture’s.
• Wipe and dust all corners, inner and outer
parts of the furniture using a clean cloth
such us old diapers, terry towels, cotton
knitwear or flannel.
• Apply glass cleaner in cleaning glass
furniture for shinier results.
• Use a clean cloth to wipe different types of
fixtures but may use a cleaning solution to
selected fixtures for a better results
For upholstered
• Use a vacuum cleaner to remove
any loose dirt from the upholstered
furniture. Vacuum it regularly.
• Use a detergent mixture in
cleaning but test in inconspicuous
spot to avoid discoloration. Scrub
the upholstery with the detergent
mixture carefully.
For Wood furniture:
• Use cleaning cloth to remove dust
and loose dirt.
• Use a wood cleaning solution to
remove stains from the surface of
the furniture.
Direction: Below are furniture, fixtures and furnishings
which are found in a house. Write letter A if it is furniture,
B for fixtures and C for fittings.

___________1. Armchair _________ 6. Beds

__________ 2. Carpets __________ 7. Doors
___________3. Bathtub __________ 8. Coffee table
___________4. Dining table __________ 9. Telephone
___________5. Fire alarms __________10. Television
Direction: Below is a table with a given list of
furnishings. Write correspondingly in Column B the
cleaning technique and in column C the materials needed
for each furniture and fixtures given.

No. Furniture and fixtures Cleaning technique Materials needed
1 Sofa

2 Cabinets

3 Tables and chairs

4 Telephones

5 Computer