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 The name "guitar" comes from the ancient Sanskrit word for
"string" - "tar
 A flat-bodied stringed instrument with a long fretted neck
and usually six strings played with a pick or with the fingers.
 It is played by plucking the strings.
 The main parts of a guitar are the body, the fretboard, the
headstock and the strings.
 It is usually made from wood or plastic.
 Their strings are made of steel or nylon.
Parts of Guitar

 The body of the guitar is the squashed hourglass shaped

piece of the guitar that holds several other parts
essential to your playing.
 The other major component of a guitar, the neck,
unsurprisingly, is the long thin bit that you grip with your
left hand, so that you can press down the strings when
 The neck basically is the section of the guitar that holds
your fretboard, strings, and headstock
Fingerboard/ Fretboard

 The fretboard is the long wooden section of your guitar

that holds your strings and your frets.
 The fretboard is there for one main purpose:
-to allow the placement of your fingers on the strings
so that you can play.

 The frets are the silver bars running across your fretboard
and they have a large amount of power over the main
sound of your songs.

 The headstock is the bit at the end of the guitar where

all of the strings end.
 It is home to the bits you use to tune your guitar, which
are called “Tuners/ Tuning Pegs/ Machine heads”
 It is usually a rectangular piece that holds your tuning
Tuning keys

 At the point that the neck joins the headstock, the

strings run through a slotted piece of wood, plastic or
sometimes other materials.
 Every nut has vertical grooves in its surface.
 These grooves serve one purpose:
- to keep your strings in place.

 the bridge on a guitar is the bit that supports the strings

as they travel over the guitar body.
 It functions as the component that transfers the
vibrations of the strings into the body, which, in the case
of an acoustic guitar, amplifies them.
Types of Guitar

 Classical Guitar
- also known as concert guitar, classical
acoustic, nylon-string guitar, or Spanish guitar.
- It is an acoustical wooden guitar with strings made
of nylon, rather than the metal strings used
in acoustic and electric guitars.
Acoustic Guitar

 It is using a hollow wooden or plastic and wood box .

 The tone of an acoustic guitar is produced by the
strings' vibration, amplified by the hollow body of the
guitar, which acts as a resonating chamber.
 The main source of sound in an acoustic guitar is the
string, which is plucked or strummed with the finger or
with a pick.
Electric Guitar

 is a fretted stringed instrument with a neck and

body that uses a pickup to convert the vibration of its
strings into electrical signals.
 most commonly by a magnetic pickup that uses the
principle of direct electromagnetic induction.
 The signal generated by an electric guitar is too weak
to drive a loudspeaker, so it is plugged into a guitar
amplifier before being sent to a loudspeaker, which
makes a sound loud enough to hear.
Strumming and Plucking

 Strumming hand (also called the plucking hand or

picking hand) is the one that strikes the strings to
produce sound.
 This can be done with a plectrum or with the fingers and
 The latter technique is known as fingerstyle or

 A downstroke is where your strum moves down towards the floor and is
shown in tab by the symbol.
 An upstroke is where your strum moves up towards the ceiling and is
represented by the symbol.
 Once you are used to playing downstrokes and upstrokes you can try
alternate strumming.
 when you play a downstroke your hand ends in the position to play an
Downstroke Upstroke
Guitar Notation
 Standard notation is written on a set of five horizontal lines called
the staff:
 Standard notation is very visual: the higher a note is on the staff, the
higher it will sound.

 Guitar music is usually written using a treble clef, which looks like
 The purpose of a clef is to identify the names of the lines and spaces.
 Each line or space will represent one letter of the musical alphabet, which
is the letters A through G.
 Using the treble clef, the lines are (from the bottom up): E-G-B-D-F, which
you can remember using the mnemonic Every Good Boy Does Fine.
 The spaces, from the bottom up, spell out the word F-A-C-E.
 Combining these two, we can write the notes from E through F on the staff:
The head of a note is a roughly
circular shape:
 If a note has ONLY a head, the head is always hollow (as shown), and the
note is called a whole note.
 A stem can be added to a note. When a stem is used, the head can be
either hollow or solid:. Notes with stems and hollow heads are called half
notes; notes with stems and solid heads are called quarter notes.
 Notes with one flag are called eighth notes.
 We can keep adding flags to a note, getting sixteenth notes, thirty-
second notes, and so on:
 To handle the ‘extra’ notes, we’ll use temporary extensions of the
staff called ledger lines, and keep going higher or lower as

 Ledger lines are identified as if the staff just kept going:

Listening !!!