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Ȉ Prepare Ȉ Leave it

Ȉ Actively research and read Ȉ Review, revise edit

Ȉ Review notes Ȉ Proofread

Ȉ Plan structure Ȉ Hand in and celebrate

Ȉ Write first draft Ȉ Review work and progress

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ºtate only that which you can support with factual evidence. Always
acknowledge the source of both evidence and ideas.

Be clear and direct in your style. Be direct about your aims and
objectives. Don't use more words than are necessary.

Explain what needs to be explained, for example, which particular
definition of —   you are using in your argument, but assume
your reader has basic knowledge of the world.
vonsider only that which is relevant to the topic, focus and objectives
of your argument or discussion. Do not include anything that you
cannot link to your argument or show its impact on the topic
discussed. Do not put crucial information in your conclusion that has
not previously been discussed in the body of your work.
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Ȉ You will need to discover information by conducting library research. Make
full use
Ȉ of printed and electronic searching to find relevant sources. Electronic sources
Ȉ usually available on demand, but printed materials may not be available when
Ȉ want them especially if a large group is engaged on the same exercise. The
Ȉ Licensing Agency rules displayed besides photocopiers have to be complied
with, and
Ȉ the Law ºchool is not always able to provide photocopies of relevant materials.
Ȉ notes about your sources, including an accurate reference complying with the
rules set
Ȉ out in this document. You are solely responsible for the accuracy of these
Ȉ and for complying with the University's rules about plagiarism.
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Ȉ It is important that the answer is well structured, clear
and concise
Ȉ Think about the appropriate material to use
Ȉ Reflect on that material
Ȉ Answer the question asked
Ȉ Remember the formula;
1. Introduction-what is the area of law involved
2. Argument-tell me a balanced perspective of that area
3. vonclusion-tell me why you told me that and why
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Ȉ They are designed to enable you to show your legal
reasoning ability
Ȉ That means the application of legal rules and principles
to given facts
Ȉ How do I achieve this?
1. Read the question carefully
2. Analyse the facts
3. Determine which legal rules and principles apply to the
4. vase authorities
5. Organise your answer carefully
6. Remember that there is not necessarily a right answer
Ȉ It is important that the answer is well structured clear and
Ȉ Think about the appropriate material to use
Ȉ Reflect on that material
Ȉ Answer the question-key words such as explain, discuss
evaluate should help
Ȉ Remember the formula-introduction, argument, conclusion
Ȉ Know where the essay will end and the steps you are going
to take to get you there
Ȉ Designed to enable you to demonstrate some of the
following abilities:
1. Explore and reflect on the issues, ideas, principles and
concepts that underlie the law applicable to this question
2. Present a clear well-structured argument to the question
3. Express and justify your own views, using relevant
illustrative material
4. Identify the strengths and weaknesses of opinion and
arguments of others who have engaged with the
questionǯs subject matter
5. Draw conclusions, where appropriate, from the
argument you have put forward
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Ȉ The need for your answer to be clear and well structured

Ȉ The need to argue the point you want to make

Ȉ The need to justify the conclusion

Ȉ The need to use relevant illustrative material

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Ȉ The opportunity to determine the structure for your
answers ( a problem question will often suggest its own
answer structure)
Ȉ The opportunity to reflect a more expansive point of law
Ȉ The opportunity to explore and communicate in greater
depth and in more detail your own views and those of
Ȉ The opportunity to be more adventurous, take risks an be
original in what you write
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7The first paragraph should be an introduction where you indicate what
will follow and how you propose to approach the topic.
Ȉ · In the middle part of the essay you will consider all main points and
arguments. Write in continuous prose. Make sure everything you say is
relevant and answers part of the question. ºtart a new paragraph for
each main idea. Use short, clear sentences in preference to long,
rambling ones. Try to support each main idea with examples, relevant
facts or legal authorities, making clear where it was that information or
quotations you use came from.

Ȉ The last part of the essay will be a conclusion where you sum up the
main points and state your opinions if relevant. You may also
recommend proposals for reform of the law.

Ȉ · Make sure that you keep referring to any quotations in the question
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Ȉ  subheadings, bullet points, numbers, lists,
artwork/diagrams (unless specifically permitted).
Ȉ UºE Times New Roman
Ȉ UºE a minimum 12 font
Ȉ UºE 1.5 spacing
Ȉ UºE only ONE side of a page
Ȉ NUMBER each page
Ȉ PUT your name at the top of each page
Ȉ PROVIDE the question on the first page
Ȉ Weighting 5% introduction/80%middle/15% conclusion
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 , the complete reference is needed the first
time a work is cited:
Ȉ K. Gray, O 
  , 2nd edition, (London:
Butterworths, 1993), p 46.
Ȉ The second time the work is cited use:
Ȉ Gray, O  p. 44
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