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Saab 340 Systems

Limitations
Limitations

• Airframe

• Engine

• Other

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Airframe Limitations

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Maximum Weights
A B

Ramp 28,300 29,300


Takeoff 28,000 29,000
Landing 27,200 28,500
Zero Fuel 25,700 26,500

Maximum weights can be reduced further by performance factors

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Cargo Compartment Loading Limits

A Model C1 = 1125 lb
C2 = 850 lb
C1 + C2 = 1725 lb

B Model C1 = 1300 lb
C2 = 850 lb
C1 + C2 = 2100 lb
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Maneuvering Load Limits
The following limits restrict the permissible
bank angle and pitch maneuvering.

Flaps Retracted + 2.75 g


- 1.0 g
Flaps Extended + 2.0 g
- 0.0 g

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Maximum Lateral Imbalance

Maximum fuel imbalance between left and


right tanks is 200 lbs.

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Maximum Operating Altitude

Max Operating Altitude 25,000 MSL

Maximum Operating Airport Pressure Altitude


for Takeoff and Landing
+ 8000 ft / - 1000 ft

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Runway Slope
Maximum Runway Slope
Landing - 2% to + 2%
Takeoff - 2% to + 1.5%

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Maximum Wind Components
Takeoff wind component limited by brake energy
limits, maximum of 10 knots.

Landing limit wind component limited by performance,


runway length or weight, maximum of 10 knots.

Maximum demonstrated crosswind component is 35


knots on a dry runway. This number is not limiting.

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Airspeed Limitations
Max Operating Speed (VMO)
0 to 16,000 MSL 250 KIAS
25,000 MSL 210 KIAS

Maneuvering Speed (VA) 180 KIAS

Rough Air Penetration Speed (VRA)


Up to 21,000 FT ISA 190 KIAS
Above 21,000 FT ISA VMO Pointer – 30 Kts

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Airspeed Limitations
Landing Gear
Retraction (VLOR) 150 KIAS
Extension (VLOE) 200 KIAS
Extended Speed (VLE) 200 KIAS
Emergency Extension Speed (VLOEE) 200 KIAS

Flap Extension Speeds


7° or 15° 175 KIAS
20° 165 KIAS
35° 140 KIAS
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Powerplant Limitations

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Powerplant CT7-9B
Takeoff Power + APR or Go-Around Power

TQ % ITT °C Ng % Np

5 Min/2Min 107 940/950 102 1396

Takeoff Power

TQ % ITT °C Ng % Np

5 Min/2Min 100 917/927 101 1396


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Powerplant CT7-9B
Max Continuous OEI (One Engine Inop)

TQ % ITT °C Ng % Np rpm

Continuous 100 940 102 1396

Transient except Takeoff (12 sec limit)

TQ % ITT °C Ng % Np rpm

12 Sec 112 965 105 1572

Max Engine Start ITT – 965 °C


Min Np btw GI and FI w/prop unfeathered – 950 rpm
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Powerplant CT7-9B
Engine Oil Press 30-100 psi
20-100 psi Btw GI and FI w/prop unfeathered
200 psi max for start and idle with cold oil

Engine Oil Temp 35-122 °C (Max 132 °C for 5 Min)

Prop Oil Press 25-140 psi


No operations abv GI btw 5-25 and 140-225 psi

Prop Oil Temp 45-77 °C


Max 77 °C Btw GI and FI w/prop unfeathered
Min 25 °C for Gnd Ops and 5 Min after T/O
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Powerplant CT7-5A2
Takeoff Power or Go-Around Power

TQ % ITT °C Ng % Np

5 Min 108 930 100 1396

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Powerplant CT7-5A2
Max Continuous OEI (One Engine Inop)

TQ % ITT °C Ng % Np rpm

Continuous 100 917 100 1396

Transient except Takeoff (12 sec limit)

TQ % ITT °C Ng % Np rpm

12 Sec 118 960 105 1572

Max Engine Start ITT – 960 °C


Min Np btw GI and FI w/prop unfeathered – 950 rpm
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Powerplant CT7-5A2 (Same as -9B)
Engine Oil Press 30-100 psi
20-100 psi Btw GI and FI w/prop unfeathered
200 psi max for start and idle with cold oil

Engine Oil Temp 35-122 °C (Max 132 °C for 5 Min)

Prop Oil Press 25-140 psi


No operations abv GI btw 5-25 and 140-225 psi

Prop Oil Temp 45-77 °C


Max 77 °C Btw GI and FI w/prop unfeathered
Min 25 °C for Gnd Ops and 5 Min after T/O
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Fuel Limitations
Usable Fuel Capacity – 2845 lb per tank
(5690 lb total)

Fuel Temp Ranges - 40° C to + 43°C

The FUEL TEMP LOW light must be off for takeoff

The XFEED and CONN valve switches should be off


and closed during takeoff and landing in normal
operation.
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Oil Limitations

Minimum oil temp for start is - 40° C

21
Propeller Limitations
Avoid continuous operation on the ground
between 1070 and 1220 Np unless needed
for normal taxi.

22
Engine Start Limitations
Max of two start attempts (with 3 min cooling period between) if
fuel is introduced, then 25 min of cooling.

Three dry motoring ventilations (no fuel introduced), with three


min cooling between each, then one hour cooling.

Lightoff (ITT rise) must occur within 20 sec of initial Ng rotation

Maximum time with starter engaged = 70 sec, of which 30 sec


max of dry motoring.

23
Engine Airborne Operating Limits

In-flight operation of the power levers aft of


the FLT IDLE gate is prohibited.

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Other Limitations

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Electrical Limitations
Batteries
Takeoff prohibited with either Batt temp above
64° C
Cross generator start prohibited with either Batt
temp above 60° C
Battery started prohibited with either Batt temp
below -20° C
Minimum Batt temp for takeoff: - 20° C
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Electrical Limitations
DC Generators
Max Load (5 min) 600 Amps
Voltage Range 27.5 – 29 V

AC Generators
Max Load 26 kVa
Voltage Range 90 – 125 V (115V normal)

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Hydraulic Limitations
Minimum accumulator pressure for parking
brake application – 1500 psi.

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Tire Speed

Maximum tire ground speed – 165 knots

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Oxygen Limitations
Min portable O2 press - 1500 psi

Min dispatch O2 press (Above 10,000 MSL)


3 Bottle System 860 psi
1 Bottle System 2 crew 1090 psi
2+ jumpseat 1460 psi

Min dispatch O2 press (Below 10,000 MSL)


All Systems 800 psi

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Air Conditioning / Pressurization

Max cabin pressure differential limit: 7.5 psi

Auto Mode Schedule (Normal Differential) 7.1 psi

Use of supplemental freon A/C system prohibited:


Above 17,500 MSL (except for fan-only operation)
On battery power
When operating on one generator

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Wheel Brake Cooling Limits
Brake cooling energy limits must be observed
after a high-energy rejected takeoff before
another takeoff is attempted.

The wheel rim must be cool enough to hold a


hand on it.

32
Ice Protection
Engine Anti-Ice must be ON in icing
conditions and remain ON for an additional
5 minutes after exiting icing conditions
(+10° C or colder in visible moisture).

Both AC generators must be operational for


flight in icing conditions.

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Prop De-Ice
Prop deice should be selected on anytime the
aircraft is in icing conditions and ice has
accumulated.

NORM position - - 5° to - 12° C


MAX position - - 13° C or colder

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Airframe Ice Protection
Severe icing includes:
Unusually extensive ice on areas not normally
observed to collect ice.
Accumulation of ice on the lower surface of the wing
aft of the protected area.
Accumulation of ice on the prop spinner farther aft
than normally observed.

35
Airframe Ice Protection

Since the autopilot may mask tactile cues that


indicate adverse changes in handling and
aerodynamic characteristics, use of the autopilot is
prohibited when any of the visual cues specified
above exist, when unusual lateral trim
requirements exist, or when autopilot trim
warnings are encountered in icing conditions.

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Automatic Flight Control System
Use of flight director information in go-around mode
during takeoff is not authorized.

During autopilot operations in icing conditions,


FD/AP IAS mode is the only authorized vertical
mode to be used during climb.

Autopilot and Yaw Damper operation is not


authorized for takeoff, landing, or go-around.

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Automatic Flight Control System
The autopilot and flight director are authorized for
CAT I approach operations only.

On approach, the autopilot must e disengaged at or


above 200 ft above the runway.

Minimum autopilot operating altitude (other than


approaches) is 500 ft AGL.

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Limitations

End

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