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1) What do you call this electronic media?

2) What is it used for?


iPad
The iPad is tabled computer that was
Identification
designed and developed by Apple.

It is particularly marketed as a platform for


audio and visual media such as books, periodicals,
movies, music, and games, as well as web content.
At about 1.5 pounds (680 grams), its size and
Description
weight are between those of most contemporary
smart phones and laptop computers. The iPad was
released by Apple in April 2010. It was sold 3
million of the devices in 80 days.
The Vocabulary of Difficult Words

Particularly : specifically
Marketed : promoted
Platform : display place
Periodicals : Journals
Released : published
Answer the following questions correctly!

1. What is iPad?
………………………………………
2. How is iPad promoted?
………………………………………
3. When was iPad released by Apple?
………………………………………
Find the past participle of verbs from the text
below!

iPad
The iPad is tabled computer that was
designed and developed by Apple. It is particularly
marketed as a platform for audio and visual media
such as books, periodicals, movies, music, and
games, as well as web content. At about 1.5
pounds (680 grams), its size and weight are
between those of most contemporary smart
phones and laptop computers. The iPad was
released by Apple in April 2010. It was sold 3
million of the devices in 80 days.
1. The iPad was designed by Apple.
2. The iPad was released by Apple in April 2010.

S + to be (was/were ) + V3

Simple Past Tense


(Passive Voice)
AV: Apple released the iPad.
S V2 O

PV: The iPad was released by Apple.


S be V3 O

The characteristics of a passive voice (PV):


1.The object of an active sentence is the subject of passive
sentence.
2.The subject of an active sentence is the object of passive
sentence
3.The verb must be a transitive verb.
4.The main verb is in the past participle form.
5.A form of be appears before the main verb.
Observe this sentence!

The iPad was released by Apple.


S be V3 by+O

S + to be (was, were) + Past Participle (V3) + by + O + (Adv)

(+) Affirmative Sentence


Observe this sentence!

The iPad was not released by Apple.


S be+not V3 by+O

S + to be (was, were) + not + Past Participle + by + O + (Adv)

(-) Negative Sentence


Observe this sentence!

Was the iPad released by Apple?


be S V3 by+O

To be (was, were) + S + Past Participle (V3) + by + O + (Adv)?

(?) Interrogative Sentence


The formula of Simple Past Tense (Passive Voice):

(+) S + to be (was/were) + Past Participle (V3)


( - ) S + to be (was/were) + Not + Past Participle (V3)
(?) To be (was/were) + S + Past Participle (V3)?

Adverbs of time:
Last night/last week/last month/last year/last………….
Two days ago/ three years ago/…………..ago
Yesterday
Just now
Exercise I Complete the following sentences with the
appropriate answers in the bracket!

e.g: This house ………… by my grandfather ten years ago.


(is built / was built)

1. We didn't play football yesterday. The match ……….


( is canceled / was canceled )
2. I ……... on 9th April 1945. (was born / were born)
3. ……... two children ………………. in the accident?
(Was-killed / Were-killed)
4. ……….Ello’s car ……………… at park5.two days ago?
(Was-stolen / Was-stole)
5. I learnt to swim when I was young. I .........….. by my mother.
(was taught / was teached)
6. The film ……… in Hollywood. (was not produced/were not produced)
Exercise I Complete the following sentences with the
appropriate answers in the bracket!

e.g: This house ………… by my grandfather ten years ago.


(is built / was built)

1. We didn't play football yesterday. The match ……….


( is canceled / was canceled )
2. I ……... on 9th April 1945. (was born / were born)
3. ……... two children ………………. in the accident?
(Was-killed / Were-killed)
4. ……….Ello’s car ……………… at park5.two days ago?
(Was-stolen / Was-stole)
5. I learnt to swim when I was young. I .........….. by my mother.
(was taught / was teached)
6. The film ……… in Hollywood. (was not produced/were not produced)
Exercise II Select the correct passive forms of the following
active sentences by crossing (X) a, b, c, or d!

1.

Active : Andri’s grandfather repaired a chair yesterday.


Passive: ………………………………………………………………………
a. A chair was repaired by Andri’s grandfather yesterday.
b. A chair was repair by Andri’s grandfather yesterday.
c. A chair is repaired by Andri’s grandfather yesterday.
d. A chair were repaired by Andri’s grandfather yesterday.
Exercise II

2.

Active : My uncle didn’t paint the wall this afternoon.


Passive : ……………………………………………………………………….
a. The wall was not painted by my uncle this afternoon.
b. The wall is not paint by my uncle this afternoon.
c. The wall were not painted by my uncle this afternoon.
d. The wall was not paint by my uncle this afternoon.
Exercise II

3.

Active : A squirrel gathered nuts in the forest.


Passive :
a. Nuts was gathered by a squirrel in the forest.
b. Nuts was gather by a squirrel in the forest.
c. Nuts were gather by a squirrel in the forest.
d. Nuts were gathered by a squirrel in the forest.
Exercise II

4.

Active : Did Steven celebrate a birthday party two days ago?


Passive : …………………………………………………………………………………….
a. Was a birthday party celebrated by Steven two days ago?
b. Were a birthday party celebrated by Steven two days ago?
c. Was a birthday party celebrated by Steven two days ago?
d. Was a birthday party celebrate by Steven two days ago?
Change the following active sentences into passive sentences!

1. The police didn’t catch the thieves a week ago.


2. Do they lose my novels last holiday?
3. Alehandro didn’t send a letter last week.
4. My younger brother broke my bicycle this morning.
5. Did Ani borrow Branda’s pencils yesterday?
Change the following active sentences into passive sentences!

1. The police didn’t catch the thieves a week ago.


2. Do they lose my novels last holiday?
3. Alehandro didn’t send a letter last week.
4. My young brother broke my bicycle this morning.
5. Did Ani borrow Branda’s pencils yesterday?
Back to
exercise 1
EX 2/1
EX 2/2 You are
EX 2/3 wrong
EX 2/4

Back to
exercise 1
1

AV: Andri’s grandfather repaired a chair yesterday.


S V2 O Adv

PV: A chair was repaired by Andri’s grandfather


S be V3 O
yesterday.
Adv
2

AV: My uncle did not paint the wall this afternoon.


S aux+not V1 O Adv

PV: The wall was not painted by my uncle this afternoon.


S be+not V3 O Adv
3

AV: A squirrel gathered nuts in the forest.


S V2 O Adv

PV: Nuts were gathered by A squirrel in the forest.


S be V3 O Adv
4

AV: Did Steven celebrate a birthday party two days ago?


Aux S V1 O Adv

PV: Was a birthday party celebrated by Steven


be S V3 O
two days ago?
Adv
The police didn’t
catch the thieves
a week ago. The answer
is

The thieves were


not caught by the
police a week
ago.
Did they lose my
novels last holiday?
The answer
is

Were my novels
lost by them last
holiday?
Alehandro didn’t
send a letter last
week.
The answer
is

A letter was not


sent by Alehandro
last week.
The answer
is

My younger brother
broke my bicycle this
morning.

My bicycle was broken


by my younger brother
this morning.
Did Ani borrow
Branda’s pencils
yesterday?
The answer
is

Were Branda’s
pencils borrowed
by Ani yesterday?
The Key Answer of the Comprehending Question

1. The iPad is tabled computer that was designed and


developed by Apple.
The Key Answer of the Comprehending Question

2. It is marketed as a platform for audio and visual


media such as books, periodicals, movies, music,
and games, as well as web content.
The Key Answer of the Comprehending Question

3. The iPad was released by Apple in April 2010.