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 Also known as early Modern English Theatre or as Elizabethan

Theater
 Were characterized by a return of Classical Greek and Roman Arts
and culture
 English Renaissance Theater encompasses the period between
1562 and 1642
 Under Elizabeth, the drama was unified expression as far as
social class was concerned .The development of the private
theatres,drama became more oriented towards tastes and values
of an upperclass audience
• History Plays
 depicted English or European history
 History plays dealt with more recent events, likeA Larum for London which
dramatizes the sack of Antwerp in 1576.
• Tragedy
 Marlowe's tragedies were exceptionally successful such as Dr. Faustus and The
Jew of Malta.
 The four tragedies considered to be Shakespeare's greatest
(Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth)
• Comedy
 A subgenre developed in this period was the city comedy, which deals
satirically with life in London after the fashion of Roman New Comedy.
Examples are Thomas Dekker's The Shoemaker's Holiday and Thomas
Middleton's A Chaste Maid in Cheapside.
William Shakespeare
 known as the “Bard of Avon” and
often called England’s national poet
 He was the greatest Renaissance
Playwright ever
 He wrote Apprentice Plays, Romantic
Comedies, History Plays, Tragedies,
Problem Plays or Bitter Comedies,
Political Plays, and Romances
 He wrote at least 31 plays and more
 Some of his most famous are Romeo
and Juliet, Julius Caesar, Hamlet
Ben Jonson(1573-1637)
 He was the one who was most
compared and contrasted with
Shakespeare
 He wrote humour comedies,
intrigue comedies, and satiric
comedies, all of which are marked
by a characteristic blend of savagery
and humor, of moral feeling and the
grim relish of the monstrous
absurdities of human nature
 His most renowned works are the
comedies Volpone, or The Fox and
The Alchemist
Tomas Kyd(1558–1594)
 English dramatist
 known for two important
contributions to the Elizabethan
stage: The Spanish Tragedy, one of
the most popular plays of the period,
and an early stage version of Hamlet,
now lost
 Both works heavily influenced
Shakespeare's Hamlet, to say the
least; some scholars claim that
vestiges of Kyd's Hamlet can be
found in Shakespeare's first quarto
edition
Thomas Heywood
 English actor-playwright whose career
spans the peak periods of Elizabethan
and Jacobean drama
 He claimed to have written some 220
plays, most of which are lost; his
surviving canon consists of 23 plays and
eight masques
 Heywood was a writer for Henslowe
and a principal dramatist
 He is chiefly remembered for the play A
Woman Killed with Kindness, a
tragicomedy notable for its treatment of
marital infidelity.
Francis Beaumont (1584–1616)
 Beaumont was a playwright best
known for his successful partnership
with John Fletcher
 There are 50 plays historically ascribed
to Beaumont and Fletcher, but only 13
exist today that show definite signs of
their collaboration.
 His famous plays are “The Knight of
the Burning Pestle and ‘’The Masque of
the Inner Temple and Gray’s Inn”
 With Fletcher: ‘’The Woman
Hater”,’’Cupid’s
Revenge’’,’’TheCaptain’’ and more