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SYSTEM DESIGN OF THE

PROPOSED ADDITIONAL 100 MVA


230/69/13.8 kV POWER
TRANSFORMER OF BALINGUEO
230 kV SUBSTATION

MICHAEL S. FONTANILLA
REE Reg. No.0044859
About the Author

 Michael S. Fontanilla

 33 years of age

 Bambanay, San Juan, La Union

 Happily Married with 2 Kids


Michael Joseph
Madel
About the Author
Educational Background
 A proud product of public schools

 1999 Nadsaag Elementary School

 2003 Sto. Rosario National High School

 2009 Don Mariano Marcos Memorial


State University (DMMMSU)

 May 2010 REE Board exam


About the Author
Professional Background
 A very active and supportive
member and Officer

 Board of Director (2015-2018)

 VP-Technical (present)

 Senior Engineer
North Luzon Operation & Maintenance
Substation Section
Executive Summary
Executive Summary

Electric Power Energy Reform Act (EPERA)


RA 9136 Compliance
Ensuring network reliability and provide
the level of power quality.
Luzon Substation Expansion IV under the
2009 NGCP’s Transmission Development
Plan (TDP)
Addition of 100 MVA 230/69/13.8 kV
Power Transformer at Balingueo
Substation, District 3 North Luzon
Operation and Maintenance ( O & M ).
LEGEND:

500kV Line

230kV Line

69kV Line

Location of the Northwest


Luzon 230kV Network
Executive Summary

 Sta. Barbara is a strategic location centers as shown in the map

 Right Of Way (ROW) constraint in the upgrading/reinforcement of


the existing 69 kV sub-transmission lines to address the growing
demand in the area of responsibility; and

 Better voltage regulation in their 69 kV LES. Malasiqui LES of


CENPELCO, Calasiao LES of DECORP and Urdaneta LES of PANELCO
III are approximately 10, 4.6 and 22 km from the proposed Sta.
Barbara 230 kV Substation
Demand Projection of 100 MVA Power Transformer at Balingueo Substation,
and 100 & 50 MVA Transformer at Labrador Substation

SS Name Capacity 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

Sta Barbara 1 x 100 MVA - - - 61 63 65 68 70 72

1 x 50 MVA
Labrador 88 91 94 97 101 104 108 112 116
1 x 100 MVA

Source:NGCP
The Additional 100 MVA
Power Transformer
 SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM (SLD)

 EXISTING 100 MVA

 ADDITIONAL 100 MVA

 CONCEPTUAL
Over-all impedance diagram of 100 MVA Power Transformer
Summary of Protection Settings
Item Required Settings
Differential Relay (87T)
Tap 1 (Primary) 0.6 A
Tap 2 (Secondary) 1.10 A
% Mismatch 3.3%
HV Over-Current Relay
Instantaneous OC Unit (50) 6.694 A
120% Max Symmetrical
8x XF Full-Load
Time OC Unit (51) 0.4 Sec
HV OCGR (50/51N)
Instantaneous OCG Unit (50) 6.240 A
Time OCG Unit (51) 0.4 Sec
Summary of Protection Settings
Item Required Settings
LV Over-Current Relay
Instantaneous OCR Unit (50) 13.388 A
120% Max Symmetrical
8x XF Full-Load
Time OCR Unit (51) 0.5 Sec
LV OCGR (50/51N) 5Z-03CB04BAW
Instantaneous OC Unit (50N) 12.481 A
Time OCG Unit (51N) 0.502 Sec
XF GOCR (64T) 0.10 A
69 kV Feeder 1
Phase OC Relay (50/51) 4.865 A
Time OC (51) 0.5 Sec
Summary of Protection Settings
Item Required Settings
Residual Relay (50/51)
Instantaneous Setting (50N) 12. 237 A
Time OCR Setting (51N) 0.5 Sec
69 kV Feeder 2
Instantaneous Setting (50/51) 4.865 A
Time OCR (51) 0.5 Sec
Residual Relay (50/51)
Instantaneous Setting (50N) 12. 237 A
Time OCR Setting (51N) 0.5 Sec
Substation Groundings
Substation Groundings

Area – 7.2 hectares

Grounding System

Earth Resistivity- 1.21Ωm

Conductor Size – not >100mm²


Conclusions
 Current and Resistance of Electrode system
Ig = 4.140 kA
Rg = 1.83mΩ
The The resistance of electrodes system is less than 1Ω, so the system satisfies
principal IEEE Std. 80-2000 condition.
 Maximum value of Grand Potential Rise GPR
GPR = IgRg =7.5762 Kv
 Touch Voltage
Allowed Touch Voltage 𝐸𝑡𝑜𝑢𝑐ℎ = 0.75 V
The maximum touch voltages within the switchyard, around transformer, entry gates,
nearby substation fence are below the safety limit.
Basic Insulation Level
Recommended Insulation Coordination of Power Equipments

Rated System Voltage Nom. (kV) Transformer (kV) PCBs, CTs, CVTs (kV)
13.8 110 110
69 350 350
230 1050 1050
Typical Insulation Coordination of Power Equipment

Rated System Impulse Withstand Voltage(kV) peak


Voltage( kV)
Transformer PCBs, Switch & Bus Insulation Line Insulation
CTs, Post
CVTs Insulations
Suspension Tension Steel Wood

22 150 150 225 225 225 - 500


33 200 250 250 320 320 - 600
66 350 350 380 400 470 600 1020
132 550 650 750 700 775 930 -
220 900 1050 1050 1140 1210 440 -
Source: High Voltage Engineering, J.R. LUCAS, 2001
Selection of Major Equipments
Conductor Material Selection
Conductor Standard JEC 3406 : 1995
Current Carrying Capacity 2,073A
TAL No. x Diameter 61 x 4.2 mm
Overall Diameter 37.80 mm
TAL Area 845.1mm2
Cross Sectional Area 845.1mm2
TAL- Weight 2334kg/km
Total Weight 2334kg/km
Calculated Breaking of Load 120.9 kN
DC- Resistance at 20O C 0.0342 Ohm/km
Physical and Electrical Data of TAL 850mm2
Source :NGCP
Conductor Material Selection
For this project, the recommended physical arrangement of conductors are as follows:

 For Substation feeder/drop wire conductor


Use: 2 x TAL 850mm2

 For Substation bus conductor


Use: 2 x TAL 850mm2

 For Equipment to Equipment connection


Use: 2 x TAL 850mm2

 For Secondary Connection of Transformer and 69kV Bus


Use 1 x 1 x TAL 850mm2
Description and Estimated Cost of
Major Substation Power Equipment
Specifically the project shall include erection, installation,
termination, testing and commissioning of the following
substation power equipment:
 1 set – 100MVA, 230kV/69kV/13.8kV Auto Transformer
 2 sets – 230kV Power Circuit Breaker
 1 set – 69kV Power Circuit Breaker
 5 sets – 230kV Disconnect Switches
 2 sets – 69kV Disconnect Switches
 6 pieces - 230kV Current Transformer
 6 pieces - 230kV Current Transformer
Contd.
 3 pieces – 69kV Voltage Transformer
 3 pieces – 192kV Surge Arrester
 3 pieces – 69kV Current Transformer
 1 lot – Power, Control, Monitoring and Communication Cables
 1 lot – Steel Structures for additional 230kV and 69kV Bays, Bus
Support and Take-off lines
 1 lot - Control Panels and Protection Panels including Bay Control
Units (BCUs)

Contn.
 1 lot - Site Development to includes, cable trenches, equipment and
gantries foundations, drainage system and firefighting equipment
system.
 1 lot - Integration works to the existing substation automation system
(SAS).

Contn.
Costing of Major Substation Equipment
Particular Quantity Unit Cost Total Cost
Power Transformer, 100MVA, 230/69/13.8kV 1 set 48M 60M
Power Circuit Breaker, 230kV 2 sets 4.2M 12.4M
Power Circuit Breaker, 69kV 1 set 3.0M 5M
Disconnect Switch, 230kV 5 sets 1.7M 10.2M
Disconnect Switch, 69kV 2 sets 0.95M 2.9M
Capacitor Voltage Transformer, 230kV 3 pcs. 1.2M 5.6M
Current Transformer, 230kV 6 pcs. 1M 8M
Current Transformer, 69kV 3 pcs. 0.435M 3.305M
Surge Arrester, 230kV 3 pcs. 0.850M 4.55M
Voltage Transformer, 69kV 3 pcs. 0.5M 2.5M
Total 114.455M
Conclusion / Recommendation
Conclusion
The establishment of a new substation or additional power equipment of
the existing substations in NGCP will start from the assessment of the
load growth primarily based on the latest peak demands and maximum
load projections of power customers as well as the added power
generations of the connected power plants in the area.
The proposed additional 100MVA Power Transformer Project under the
Luzon Substation Expansion of the 2020 NGCP’s Transmission
Development Plan (TDP), is a compliance to the provisions of Republic
Act 9136 in ensuring network reliability and provide the level of power
quality in Western Pangasinan.
Conclusion
Project Design Criteria
In order to come up the most efficient, reliable, cost effective
design scheme and equipment selection/specification, the designer have
been guided by the design criteria based on electrical codes, standards,
site investigations, technical/engineering studies, availability of
electrical equipment materials and devices, and inputs from the
Owner/Client and local authorities
Conclusion
Electrical Design Calculation
The installed protective devices are adequate to perform safely and
interrupt the fault currents passing through it. The results show that all
the circuit breaker device ratings exceeded the values of calculated faults
and capable to withstand faults in the system. The device ratings of the
installed circuit breakers are too high and some are over rated as
compared to computed values.
For economical reason it is recommended that the specifications of these
protective devices be check and align to the computed values of the study
before procuring.
Conclusion
Protection Coordination
Transformer primary protection time-overcurrent element shall be set in
accordance with 2017 Edition of PEC requirement page 385 usually at
600% of the primary rated current. Transformer primary protection
instantaneous element shall be set in accordance with the
recommendation of 2017 Edition of PEC to avoid false tripping on
energization inrush and on a low side bus fault while still providing
sensitive protection for severe internal faults
Conclusion
 Substation Grounding
Current and Resistance of Electrode system
Ig = 4.140 kA
Rg = 1.83mΩ
The The resistance of electrodes system is less than 1Ω, so the system satisfies
principal IEEE Std. 80-2000 condition.
 Maximum value of Grand Potential Rise GPR
GPR = IgRg =7.5762 Kv
 Touch Voltage
Allowed Touch Voltage 𝐸𝑡𝑜𝑢𝑐ℎ = 0.75 V
The maximum touch voltages within the switchyard, around transformer, entry gates,
nearby substation fence are below the safety limit.
Recommendation
 NGCP should speed-up the project implementation of the proposed
additional transformer capacity in Balingueo Substation.
 During the feasibility and design process, all units of the company
should work together to come up with the best design option. Also, the
designers should consider the latest breakthrough in technology to
improve the reliability, safety, security, and operational performance
once the substation is completed.
Engineers involve in the design of similar facilities should adopt a new
philosophies and methodologies by conducting research, asking the
experts, and by attending related seminars to enhance their skills in
such field of work.
Thank You.