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WARM UP!

When we___________ air enters


the body through the nose and
mouth.
ANSWER

INHALE
The _____helps draw air
into the lungs.
ANSWER

TRACHEA
What we breath in?
OXYGEN
What is the waste product
you breathe out?
CARBON DIOXIDE
What happens to your diaphragm
when you inhale?
CONTRACTS
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
WHAT IS RESPIRATION

the
overall exchange of
gases between the
atmosphere, the blood,
and the cells.
PHASES OF HUMAN EXCHANGE
BREATHING OR VENTILATION
– the act of taking air in (inspiration) and out of
the lungs (expiration)
EXTERNAL RESPIRATION
– the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide
between the blood and the blood vessels.
3. CELLULAR RESPIRATION
– the exchange of oxygen and carbon
dioxide between the blood and the body cells
4. CELLULAR RESPIRATION
– the process of using oxygen to break
down sugar in food, producing energy (ATP)
in cells, and releasing carbon dioxide as a
waste product.
THE ORGANS OF THE
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
 NOSE Pharynx
Nose Larynx
Trachea
 PHARYNX Mouth
Epiglottis Lungs
Bronchus
 LARYNX
Bronchioles

 TRACHEA

 BRONCHI

Diaphragm
 LUNGS-ALVEOLI
THE NOSE
the only externally visible part of
the respiratory system

Air enters the nose through the


external nares
UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT
NOSTRILS
– the openings in the nose that allow entry
and exit of air.

NASAL CAVITIES
– contains glands coat hair strands in
nostrils with mucus to protect you from inhaling
dust.
PHARYNX
— the throat
– cone shaped passage way leading to
trachea.
LARYNX
– the voice box
– where vocal chords are located.
LOWER RESPIRATORY TRACT
TRACHEA
– called wind pipe
– main passage way of air into lungs.
BRONCHI
– also called bronchial tubes
– two branching tubes that connect the
trachea to the lungs.
BRONCHIOLES
– the finer subdivisions of the bronchi
– hair like tubes that connect to the alveoli

ALVEOLI
– also called air sacs
– allow gas exchange in lungs
KEY CONCEPTS
WHEN YOU BREATH IN, OR INHALE, THE DIAPHRAGM
MUSCLE CONTRACTS.INHALING MOVES THE
DIAPHRAGM DOWN ANDEXPANDS ANDCHEST CAVITY.
SIMULTANEOUSLY, THE RIBS MOVE UP AND INCREASE
THE SIZE OF THE CHEST CAVITY.THERE IS NOW A
SPACE AND LESS AIR PRESSURE INSIDETHE LUNGS.
AIR PUSHES IN FROM THE OUTSIDE WHERE THERE IS
A HIGHER AIR PRESSURE. IT PUSHES INTO THE LUNGS
WHERE THERE IS LOWER AIR PRESSURE.
WHEN YOU BREATH OUT, OR EXHALE,
THE DIAPHRAGM MUSCLE RELAXES. THE
DIAPHRAGM AND RIBS RETURN TO
THEIR ORIGINAL PLACE. THE CHEST
CAVITY RETURNS TO ITS ORIGINAL SIZE.
THERE IS NOW LESS SPACE AND GREATER
AIR PRESSURE INSIDETHE LUNGS. IT
PUSHES THE AIR OUTSIDE WHERE THERE
IS LOWER AIR PRESSURE.
INFECTTIOUS DISEASES OF THE
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
COMMON COLD
– is a contagious infection of the upper
respirator tract by rhinovirus.
SYMPTOMS:
sneezing, runny nose , mild fever
INFLUENZA OR FLU
– is a contagious illness caused by several
influenza viruses called myxovirus.
– patience experience chills, fever, severe
headache, muscular pains, runny nose and
general discomfort.
PNEUMONIA
refers to the infection of the lungs caused by
bacteria, virus , fungi, or protozoan in rare
conditions.
SYMPTOMS:
fever, chest pain, fluid in the lungs, and
difficulty in breathing
TUBERCULOSIS
caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium
tuberculosis, which can spread through
respiration droplets by coughing, sneezing,
or spitting phlegm.
RESPIRATORY DISORDERS
 ASTHMA
– is a chronic and allergic condition that
makes the breathing airways narrow and
swollen, and causes them to produce extra
mucus.
BRONCHITIS
 is the inflammation or swelling of the breathing passages, the pathway between the
nose and the lungs.
 caused by viral lungs infections but it can also be triggered by the industrial pollutants
and tobacco smoke.
 ACUTE AND CHRONIC BROCHITIS
ACUTE BRONCHITIS
- occurs when a patient experiences a nagging cough that lasts for one to three
weeks.
CHRONIC BRONCHITIS
- if the condition lasts three months or more and happens within two consecutive
years.
- production of excessive mucus and infection from microorganisms.
EMPHYSEMA
long term disease of the lungs caused by
prolonged exposure to respiratory irritants
like tobacco chemicals and air pollutants
such as factory fumes or coal.
 damages the alveoli of the lungs as well as
the breathing passageways.
CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONAR DISEASE
(COPD)
 is associated with a group of lung diseases:
emphysema, asthma, and chronic bronchitis.
 patient experience a progressive and long term
obstruction of airflow that makes breathing difficult.

LUNG CANCER
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT THE
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

About half liter of water per day is lost through


breathing.
Yawning brings more oxygen to the lung.
 Your right lung is larger that your left.
We breathe 13 pints of air everyday every
minute.
HOW TO KEEP YOUR RESPIRATORY SYSTEM HEALTHY
 TRYTO AVOID:
- Smoking
- Being around a smoker (second hand)
- Inhaling other chemical or drugs
- Being around dusty or thick polluted air

 WHAT TO DO:
- Exercise
- Eat Healthy
- Go to annual doctor checkups