Sie sind auf Seite 1von 17

Rizal

and
His Times
The World of rizal’s Times
• February 19, 1861 – issued 22,500,000 serfs as
appease for the rising discontent
of the Russian masses
• April 12,1861 – Titanic conflict
• June 19, 1861 – American Civil war over the issue of
Negro Slavery
• June 1, 1861 – Benito Juarez was elected as
President of Mexico.
• September 22, 1863 – proclamation of Freeing the
Negro Slaves.
• June 1, 1861 - Benito Juarez was elected as
President of Mexico
• Emperor Napoleon III
• Archduke Maximillian of Austria
• Battle of Queretaro
• June 19, 1867
• Two European Nations (Italians and
Germans)succeeded in unifying their own
countries.
> Italians - Count Cavour & Garibaldi
- King Victor Emmanuel
- Rome as Capital City
> Germans - Otto von Bismarck
- January 18, 1871
- King Wilhelm of Prussia
• The Third French Republic arose
> Adolph Thiers as President
• Flowering of Western imperialism

• England
> Queen Victoria
- Hongkong - Malaya,
- Kowloon Peninsula - Singapore
- India - Egypt
- Pakistan - Bangladesh
- Burma - Australia
- Ceylon(Sri Lanka) - New Zealand
- Maldives - Aden
• France
- Vietnam - Cambodia - Laos
• German
- East Indies and named Netherlands East Indies
• Czarist Russia
1867 - Siberia, Kamchatka, Kuriles, Alaska
1865 - 1884 -Bokhara, Khiva, Kokand
- the longest railroad
• July 8, 1853 – Japan re-opened to the world.
• Germany
> January 1871 became sovereign state
> Aug. 25, 1885 entered the harbor yap
> proclaimed the carolines and Palaus
as one of its colonies.
• Don Enrique Capriles
• Francisco Lezcano
• Pope Leo XII
• October 22, 1885
• Two concessions to Germany
① The right to trade in the disputed
archipelagoes.
②The right to establish a coaling station in Yap
for the German Navy.
• La Publicidad
• Spanish colonies
 Paraguay  Costa Rica  Venezuela
 Argentina  Honduras  Peru
 Chile  Guatemala  Bolivia
 Colombia  El Salvador  Uruguay
 Equador  Nicaragua
the philippines of
rizal’s times
• Instability of Colonial Administration
• Corrupt Colonial Officials
• Philippine Representation in Spanish Cortes
• Human Rights Denied to Filipinos
• No equality Before the Law
• Maladministration of Justice
• Racial Discrimination
• Frailocracy
• Forced Labor
• Haciendas Owned by friars
• The Guardia Civil
• Instability of Colonial Administration
• King Ferdinand VII(1808-1833)
• For 62 years(1835-1897) - 50 governor generals

• Corrupt Colonial Officials


• General Rafael de Izquierdo
• Admiral Jose Malcampo
• General Fernando Primo de Rivera
• General Valeriano Weyler
• General Camilo de Polavieja

• Philippine Representation in Spanish Cortes


• Ventura de los Reyes( 1810 – 1813 )
• 1837
• Graciano Lopez Jaena
• 1876
• Human Rights Denied to Filipinos
• Sinibaldo de Mas

• No Equality Before the Law


• Brown people or Filipino people are considered as inferior being
• Heavier penalties on Native Filipinos or mestizos and Lighter penalties
on white complexion Spaniards

• Maladministrastion of Justice
• Justice was costly, partial and slow
• Light skin Spaniards have a great chance of victory in the court of
justice
• Juan de la Cruz
• Dr. Rizal and his family
• GOMBORZA
• Racial Discrimination
• Filipino people as inferior beings and undeserving of the rights and privileges
the white Spaniards enjoyed
• Frailocracy
• A government by friars
• The colonial authorities were controlled by Friars
• Forced Labor or Polo
• 16 – 60 yrs old – work for 40 days a year
• Royal decree of July 12, 1883
• Haciendas Owned by the Friars
• 1745 1746
• Governor Anda
• Sobre la Indolencia de los Filipinos
• Guardia Civil
• Was created by the royal decree of February 12, 1852 as amended by the
royal decree of March 24, 1888
Chapter 1
Advent of A National Hero
• The birth of a hero
• Jose Rizal Mercado
• June 19, 1861
• Lake shore town of Calamba, Laguna Province,
Philippines
• Rizal’s Parents
• Francisco Mercado Rizal
• Teodora Alfonso Realonda
• The Rizal Children
• Saturnina ( 1850 – 1913 )
• Paciano ( 1851 – 1930 )
• Narcisa ( 1852 – 1939 )
• Olimpia ( 1855 – 1887 )
• Lucia ( 1857 – 1919 )
• Maria ( 1859 - 1945 )
• Jose ( 1861 – 1896 )
• Concepcion ( 1862 – 1865 )
• Josefa ( 1865 - 1945)
• Trinidad ( 1868 - 1951)
• Soledad (1870 - 1929)
• Rizal’s Ancestry

• He is a mixture of races.
• Domingo Laméo
• Ines de la Rosa
• Francisco Mercado
• Cirila Bernacha
• Juan Mercado
• Cirila Alejandro
• Francisco Mercado
• Rizal’s Ancestry

• Teodora Alfonso Realonda


• Eugenio Ursua
• Benigna
• Regina
• Manuel de Quintos
• Brigida
• Lorenzo Alberto Alfonso
• Narcisa, Teodora, Gregorio, Manuel, Jose
• The Surname Rizal
I am the only Rizal because at home my parents, my sisters, my brother,
and my relatives have always preferred our old surname Mercado. Our
family name was in fact Mercado, but there are many Mercados in the
Phlippines who are not related to us. It is said that an alcalde mayor,
who was a friend of our family added Rizal to our name. My family did
not pay much attention to this, but now I have to use it. In this way,
it seems that I am an illegitimate son.

• The Rizal Home


The house was high and even sumptuous, a solid and massive earthquake- proof
structure with sliding shell windows. Thick walls of lime and stone bounded the first floor;
the Second floor was entirely made of wood except for the roof, which was red tile,
in the style of the buildings in Manila at that time . . . At the back there was an azotea
and a wide deep cistern to hold rain water for home use

• A Good and Middle-Class Family

• Home Life of Rizals

Verwandte Interessen