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JOSE GARCIA

VILLA
Prepared by:

Karen N.
Tañales

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Literary selections
JOSE GARCIA VILLA
Jose Garcia Villa was conferred in 1973 th
e title National Artist of the Philippines in
Literature for his poetic creations. Origina
lly considered an award, this title was eleva
ted in 2003 to an Order – the highest stat
e honor accorded those who have significan
tly contributed to their artistic fields.
Literary selections
JOSE GARCIA VILLA
The following are two poems by Villa that i
ndicate the distinctive features of poems a
nd the purpose of poetry.
First a Poem Must Be Magical
By: JOSE GARCIA VILLA
First a poem must be magical,
Then musical as a seagull.
It must be a brightness moving
And hold secret a bird’s flowering.
It must be slender like a bell,
And it must hold fire as well.
First a Poem Must Be Magical
It must have the wisdom of bows
And it must kneel like a rose
It must be able to hear
The luminance of dove and deer.
It must be able to hide
What it seeks like a bride
And over all I would like to hover
God, smiling from the poem’s cover.
Proem
By: JOSE GARCIA VILLA
The meaning of poem is not the meaning of
words
The meaning of poem is a symbol like the b
reathlessness of birds
A poem cannot be repeated in paraphrase.
A poem is not a thought by a grace.
Proem
By: JOSE GARCIA VILLA
A poem has no meaning but loveliness.
A poem has no purpose but to caress.
Making Sense of Words and Ex
pressions in the Text
Answer the following questions.
1. How are these paired words related
in meaning?
a. Seek – hide
b. Hide – hold secret
c. Brightness – luminance
2. What do we associate with a “dove”
that we also associate with a “deer?”
3. The word “bows” used as a noun used
has three possible meanings. Which of
these could be associate with “wisdom?

In what way?
4. What do we do when we “paraphrase

a text?
a. Summarize it’s key points
b. Express it in other words
c. Criticize its message
d. Take down notes from it.
5. What does the modal “must” indicat
e?
a. What is possible
b. An alternative choice
c. What has to be done
d. An unlikely report
Examining and Responding to the
Text
Answer the following questions.
1. In “First a Poem Must Be Magical,” what
does the pairing of “musical” and “seagul
l” in the lines “First a poem must be mag
ical/ Then musical as a seagull” achieve?
2. Overall, what does Jose Garcia Villa aim
to communicate in the first poem?
Examining and Responding to the
Text
3. One can express his ideas using poetic li
nes or straightforward prose. Why do you
suppose Text B is entitled “Proem” and not
“Poem” although it focuses mainly on the fe
atures of a poem?
4. What does the line “A poem has no purpo
se but to caress” signify?
5. How do the two texts differ in form?
6. Which of the two texts did you find mor
e difficult to comprehend? Why?