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BY: PAVITRA SINGH

CORPORATE TRAINER
ABOUT ANSYS:

Ansys, Inc. is an engineering simulation


software (computer aided engineering, or
CAE) developer headquartered south of
Pittsburgh in the Southpointe business park
in Cecil Township, Pennsylvania, United States.
One of its most significant products is Ansys
CFX, a proprietary computational fluid
dynamics (CFD) program.
HISTORY:

 The company was founded in 1970. by Dr. John


A. Swanson as Swanson Analysis Systems, Inc
(SASI).
 The first commercial version of Ansys
software was labeled version 2.0 and
released in 1971.
 In 1994 it was sold to TA Associates. The new
owners took SASI’s leading software, called
ANSYS®, as their flagship product and
designated ANSYS, Inc. as the new company name.
• The idea for Ansys was first conceived by John Swanson while
working at the Westinghouse Astronuclear Laboratory in the 1960s
• By 1991 SASI had 153 employees and $29 million in annual
revenue,controlling 10 percent of the market for finite element
analysis software.
• In 1992, SASI acquired Compuflo, which marketed and developed
fluid dynamics analysis software.
• n 1993, Mr. Swanson sold his majority interest in the company to
venture capitalist firm TA Associates. Peter Smith was appointed
CEO and SASI was renamed after the software, Ansys, the following
year.Ansys went public in 1996, raising about $46 million in an
initial public offering. By 1997, Ansys had grown to $50.5 million in
annual revenue.
• Ansys acquired a 3-D modeling company called SpaceClaim in 2014
for $85 million
CURRENTLY 2000+ OEM’S USING ANSYS
OEM’s at Auto Expo 2016 connected with ANSYS
Auto OEM’s Engineering is Focused on These Market Drivers

Fuel Economy and Emissions Demand for Enhanced Competition for emerging market
Regulations: CAFÉ, Euro-VI Passenger Experience. share

Warranty Reduction Avoidance of Catastrophic Manufacturing Innovation for


Failure Cost and Quality
CAE:

•Analytical method
•Experimental method
•Numerical method.
1.EXPERIMENTAL METHOD:
1.ANALYTICAL METHOD:

• EXCELLENT FOR SIMPLER PROBLEMS.


• LOTS OF ASSUMPTIONS ARE USED.
•TAKES MORE TIME
NUMERICAL METHOD:

•FEM/FEA SOFTWARE CONVERTS PROBLEM


INTO SPRING MASS EQUATION.
F=KX
WHERE, F= FORCE
K= STIFFFNESS
X= DISPLACEMENT
CLASSIFICATION OF
MATERIAL:

• ELASTIC
• PLASTIC
• RIGID
MESHING:

DISCRETIZATION OF A COMPONENT INTO A NUMBER OF SMALL


ELEMENTS OF DEFINED SIZE.
TYPES OF ELEMENTS:

• POINT ELEMENT
• LINE ELEMENT
• AREA ELEMENT
• VOLUME ELEMENT
AREA ELEMENT:

• SHAPE OF A TRIANGLE OR A QUADRILATERAL


FIRST ORDER OR LINEAR QUAD
SECOND ORDER OR QUADRATIC QUAD
FIRST ORDER OR LINEAR TRI
SECOND ORDER OR QUADRATIC TRI
VOLUME ELEMENT:

• HEXAHEDRON
•TETRAHEDRON
• PRISM
• PRAMID
3 STEPS OF ANALYSIS
SOFTWARE:
1. PRE-PROCESSING- CREATING MODEL, IMPORTING MODEL,
MESHING, APPLYING BOUNDARY CONDITIONS.
2. SOLVING- SOFTWARE WILL CALCULATE ACCORDING TO
BOUNDARY CONDITIONS.
3. POSTPROCESSING- DISPLAY RESULT.
TYPES OF ENGINEERING
ANALYSIS
• STATIC
•DYNAMIC
•MODAL
•BUCKLING ANALYSIS
•EXPLICIT DYNAMIC
•THERMAL ANALYSIS
•FLUID FLOW ANALYSIS
•COUPLED FIELD ANALYSIS
• ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD
IMPORTANT TERMS:

• STRENGTH
•LOAD
• STRESS
• STRAIN
• ELASTIC LIMIT
• ULTIMATE STRENGTH
• FOS
• POISSON’S RATIO
• CREEP, FATIQUE
• BULK MODULUS OF ELASTICITY
ORTHOGRAPHIC
VIEW NUM KEY
• Right view 3
• Left view 7
• Top view 8
• Bottom view 2
• Front view 1
• Back view 9
• Default isometric 5
AUTOMATIC
• The Automatic setting MESHING
toggles between Tetrahedral (Patch Conforming)and Swept
METHOD
Meshing, depending upon whether the body is sweepable.
TETRAHEDRAL
MESH
Two algorithms available :
• – Patch Conforming
• – Patch Independent
PATCH CONFORMING:

•Bottom up approach : Meshing process starts from edge, face


and then body
•All faces and their boundaries are respected and meshed
•Good for clean CAD geometries

PATCH INDEPENDENT:
• Top down approach : The volume mesh is generated first, and
this is
projected on to faces and edges to create the surface mesh.
•The faces and their boundaries (edges and vertices) are not
necessarily respected if they fall under a specified tolerance.
•Good for gross de-featuring of dirty CAD geometries
HEX DOMINANT METHOD CO
•If you are interested in a hex mesh, this option is
recommended for bodies that cannot be swept.

•Workbench assists you in determining if hex dominant


meshing is applicable to your situation. When you apply the
Hex Dominant option on a body or group of bodies,
Workbench calculates the normalized volume to surface
area ratio. If it detects a ratio less than 2, Control
Message appears in a highlighted row under Definition
in the Details View.
Mesh Sweeping

If a body's topology is recognized as sweepable,


the body can be meshed very efficiently with
hexahedral and wedge elements using this
technique.
MULTIZONE METHOD
CONTROL
The MultiZone mesh method, provides automatic
decomposition of geometry into mapped (sweepable)
regions and free regions. When the MultiZone mesh
method is selected, all regions are meshed with a pure
hexahedral mesh if possible. To handle cases in which a
pure hex mesh will not be possible, you can adjust your
settings so that a swept mesh will be generated in
structured regions and a free mesh will be generated in
unstructured regions.
QUALITY CHECKING
1. ELEMENT QUALITY METHOD:
The value of 1 indicates the perfect cube or tri.
The element quality provides a qualty metric that ranges between 0
& 1.
2. PARALLEL DEVIATION:
0
3. ASPECT RATIO: LONGEST/SHORTEST
FOR PERFECT TRI=1
OK UP TO=3

4. MAXIMUM CORNER ANGLE:


DESIRED=60°
5. SKEWNESS:
1- DEGENRATE (VERY
POOR QUALITY)
.9 TP 1- BAD
.75 TO .9- POOR
.5 TO .75- FAIR
.25 TO .5- GOOD
0 TO .25- EXCELLENT
0- PERFECT QUALITY
TRI OR QUAD

6. WARPING FACTOR:
PLANNER= 0
STRESS (infinite) = FORCE / AREA OF POINT
(almost = 0)
• Avoid applying loads on edges and small edges
•Avoid restraining faces with sharp corners, including points
and small edges.
•Apply fillets and chamfers to evenly distribute loads
1.Maximum principal stress theory(Rankine
theory)(elastic limit stress)brittle
2.Maximum principal strain theory(St venants
theory) over estimates ductile
3.Maximum shear stress theory(Coulombs
theory) satisfactory Ductile
4.Maximum strain energy theory(beltrami
haighs theory) good results ductile
5.Maximum shear strain energy theory(von
mises) very satisfactory
BOUNDARY CONDITIONS
SUPPORTS
A force is any interaction which tends to
change the motion of an object. In other
words, a force can cause an object with mass
to change its velocity (which includes to begin
moving from a state of rest), i.e., to
accelerate. Force can also be described by
intuitive concepts such as a push or a pull
STATIC STRUCTURAL
ANALYSIS
Q1. COMPUTE THE STRESS AND DEFLECTION RESPONSE OF THE STEEL
BRACKET. THE BRACKET IS 100MM HIGH, 50MM DEEP AND 60MM IN
WIDTH. IT HAS A 30MM DIS HOLE LOCATED 70 MM FROM ITS BASE
PLANE. THE FILLET RADII ARE 10MM AND 20MM AND THE 10 MM
MOUNTING BOLT HOLES ARE LOCATED 15 MM FROM THE FRONT AND
SIDE EDGES. THE BEARING IS SUBJECTED TO LOAD COMPONENTS 5500N
IN THE X-DIRECTION, -1700N IN Y DIRECTION AND 3500 IN Z-
DIRECTION. THE BASE OF THE BRACKET IS FIXED AGAINST ALL MOTION
Q2. A STEEL PRESSURE VESSEL WWITH
PLANAR ENDS IS SUBJECTEDTO AN
INTERNAL PRESSURE OF 35 MPA. THE
VESSEL HAS AN OUTER DIAMETER OF
200MM, AN OVERALL LENGTH OF
400MM AND A WALL THICKNESS OF
25MM. THERE IS A 25MM FILLET
RADIUS WHERE THE INTERIOR WALL
SURACE JOINS END CAPS