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# What is MSA?

## (a)Measurement System Analysis (usually referred

to as MSA) is a structured procedure which we
use to assess the ability of a measurement
system to provide good quality data.

## (b)A Measurement System is the combination of

people, equipment, materials, methods and
environment involved in obtaining
measurements.

## (c)MSA is a Mathematical Procedure to Quality

Variation introduced to a Process or Product
by the act of Measuring.
The Error can be partitioned into
Specific Sources:
(A) Precision:
(i) Repeatability: Within an Operator or Piece
of Equipment.
(ii) Reproducibility: Operator to Operator or
Attribute Gage to Attribute Gage.

(B) Accuracy:
(i) Stability: Accuracy over time.
(ii) Linearity: Accuracy throughout the
Measurement Range.
(iii) Resolution: How detailed is the
information.
(iv) Bias: Off-set from True Value.
Accurate But Not Precise But Not
Precise: Accurate:
On average these The average is
shots are in the not on the Center
Center of the but the
Target but there Variability is
is a lot of Small.
Variability.
MSA can be used to:
> Compare Internal Inspection Standards with the
> Highlight areas where Calibration Training is
required.
> Provide a method to evaluate Inspector
Training Effectiveness as well as serve as an
excellent Training Tool.

## Provide A Great Way To:

> Compare existing Measurement Equipment.
> Qualify New Inspection Equipment.
Measurement System Analysis is
important to:
> Study the % of variation in our process caused
by our measurement system.
> Compare measurements between operators.
> Compare measurements between two (or more)
measurement devices.
> Provide criteria to accept new measurement
systems (consider new equipment).
> Evaluate a suspect gage.
> Evaluate a gage before and after repair.
> Determine true process variation.
> Evaluate effectiveness of training program.
Repeatability:

## Repeatability is the variation in measurements

obtained with one measurement instrument used
several times by one appraiser while measuring
the identical characteristic on the same part.

Repeatability

For example:
> Manufacturing: One person measures the purity
of multiple samples of the same vial and gets
different purity measures.
Reproducibility:

## Reproducibility is the variation in the average

of the measurements made by different appraisers
using the same measuring instrument when
measuring the identical characteristic on the
same part. Reproducibility

Y Operator A
Operator B

For example:
> Manufacturing: Different people perform purity
test on samples from the same vial and get