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What is MSA?

(a)Measurement System Analysis (usually referred

to as MSA) is a structured procedure which we
use to assess the ability of a measurement
system to provide good quality data.

(b)A Measurement System is the combination of

people, equipment, materials, methods and
environment involved in obtaining

(c)MSA is a Mathematical Procedure to Quality

Variation introduced to a Process or Product
by the act of Measuring.
The Error can be partitioned into
Specific Sources:
(A) Precision:
(i) Repeatability: Within an Operator or Piece
of Equipment.
(ii) Reproducibility: Operator to Operator or
Attribute Gage to Attribute Gage.

(B) Accuracy:
(i) Stability: Accuracy over time.
(ii) Linearity: Accuracy throughout the
Measurement Range.
(iii) Resolution: How detailed is the
(iv) Bias: Off-set from True Value.
Accurate But Not Precise But Not
Precise: Accurate:
On average these The average is
shots are in the not on the Center
Center of the but the
Target but there Variability is
is a lot of Small.
MSA can be used to:
> Compare Internal Inspection Standards with the
Standards of your Customer.
> Highlight areas where Calibration Training is
> Provide a method to evaluate Inspector
Training Effectiveness as well as serve as an
excellent Training Tool.

Provide A Great Way To:

> Compare existing Measurement Equipment.
> Qualify New Inspection Equipment.
Measurement System Analysis is
important to:
> Study the % of variation in our process caused
by our measurement system.
> Compare measurements between operators.
> Compare measurements between two (or more)
measurement devices.
> Provide criteria to accept new measurement
systems (consider new equipment).
> Evaluate a suspect gage.
> Evaluate a gage before and after repair.
> Determine true process variation.
> Evaluate effectiveness of training program.

Repeatability is the variation in measurements

obtained with one measurement instrument used
several times by one appraiser while measuring
the identical characteristic on the same part.


For example:
> Manufacturing: One person measures the purity
of multiple samples of the same vial and gets
different purity measures.

Reproducibility is the variation in the average

of the measurements made by different appraisers
using the same measuring instrument when
measuring the identical characteristic on the
same part. Reproducibility

Y Operator A
Operator B

For example:
> Manufacturing: Different people perform purity
test on samples from the same vial and get