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ADJECTIVE

By: Ayu Lestari


Hello!
I Am Ayu Lestari
I am here because I want to learning by sharing

You can contact me at ayulestari8797@gmail.com


The Function
Of Adjective
1 Describes Clarifies a
a noun noun

Could you describe this?
It’s a good bicycle opinion


It’s a small bicycle
The wheels are round
It’s an ancient bicycle
size

shape

Age

It’s a black bicycle Color

It’s an Indonesian bicycle Origin

It’s a steel bicycle Material


Find the adjectives.
The bald teacher handed
out the white papers.
The big yellow bus went down
the wrong road.
The crazy plane will crash
quickly.
That big bad dog frequently
chased the scared little boys
up trees.
The young boy is very, very
fat.
Mom and dad always help
me with my English
homework.
The two doctors visited the
sick patient at the
community hospital.
The football team won the
big game easily!
The little brown cat
sometimes has bad hair.
The happy little green
and yellow bug is
smiling.
2. Adjective
Adjective-Noun
(Attributive Position)
Position
-Beautiful woman Noun-Adjective
-Expensive dress (Postpositive Position)
-Something new
-Someone special

Verb-Adjective
(Predcative Position)
-She feels alone
-The foreigners are very excited
3
Prefix and Suffix
Prefix Adjectives
Making Negative Adjective

Prefix + Adjective = Negative Adjective

Un + Happy = Unhappy
In + Complete = Incomplete
Ir + Regular = Irregular
Im + Polite = Impolite
Il + Legal = Illegal
Suffix Adjectives
Making Adjective with Noun/Verb

Noun/Verb + Suffix = Adjective

Comfort + able = Comfortable


Broke + en = Broken
Japan + ese = Japanese
Beauty + ful = Beautiful
Talk + ative = Talkative
4
Adjective
Ending with
-ed &-ing
Many verbs of emotion
have –ing and –ed adjective forms
• What are some verbs of emotion?
Sample verbs of emotion:

amuse irritate comfort fascinate puzzle satisfy


annoy surprise depress bewilder excite frustrate
bother bore tire interest aggravate amaze
captivate confuse shock intrigue disappoint exhaust
–Ed
Example

He is
–ing
Example

- The movie was very interesting


- The film is boring
Event | The film is boring
Feeling | I am bored

-ed

-ing
• My mother is annoyed • The sound is annoying
• The students were confused • The English was confusing
• The tourists feel amazed • The tourist visited an
• I am excited amazing place
• Traveling is exciting
Other helpful hints:

• Sentences often use the word "by" with adjectives ending in ED.
Sitti was challenged by his math homework.

• Sentences often use the word "to" or “for” with adjectives ending in
ING.
Sitti’s math homework was challenging to him.
Practice …
surprise
Was the girl surprising or surprised?
surprised

Was the party surprising or surprised?


surprising
exhaust
Was the man exhausting or exhausted?
Exhausted

Was the marathon exhausting or


exhausted?
exhausting
bore
Was the man boring or bored?
Boring

Was the audience boring or bored?


bored
irritate
Is a back seat driver irritating or
irritated?
Irritating

Is the driver irritating or irritated?


irritated
satisfy
How does the girl feel? Satisfying or
satisfied?
Satisfied

How is the food? Satisfying or satisfied?


satisfying
frustrate
Is the man frustrating or frustrated?
Frustrated

Are computers frustrating or frustrated?


frustrating
shock
Is the woman shocked or shocking?
Shocked

Is the news shocked or shocking?


shocking
embarrass
Is being scolded embarrassing or
embarrassed?
Embarrassing

How does the boy feel? Embarrassing or


embarrassed?
embarrassed
interest
The class is interesting or interested?
Interesting

The student is interesting or interested


in the class?
interested
excite
Is this excited or exciting?
Exciting

Are they excited or exciting?


Excited
disappoint
The runner lost the race. Is that
disappointing or disappointed?
Disappointing

How does the second place runner feel?


Disappointing or disappointed?
disappointed
5. Adjective Order

General
Specific opinion Size Shape Age Color Origins Material Purpose
opinion

General opinion adalah kata sifat yang sering digunakan untuk


mendeskripsikan hampir di setiap kata benda, misalnya good, nice,
wonderful, etc.
Sedangkan specific opinion adalah kata sifat yang digunakan untuk
kata benda tertentu, seperti tasty dan delicious untuk kata benda
makanan (food).
Choose the
correct answer!

a. I have a black useful laptop


b. I have an old black laptop
c. I have a new big laptop
d. I have a useful new black laptop
Thanks!
Any questions?


“A person who
never made a
mistake never tried
anything new”
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