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DHANEKULA INSTITUTE OF ENGINERRING &TECHNOLOGY

FOOTSTEP POWER GENERATION BY USING PIEZO ELECTRIC


TRANSDUCERS
PRESENTED BY:
M.VENKATESH (15352-EC-056)
MA.SHAHINA (15352-EC-025)
T.PREETHI (15352-EC-032)
M.AVINASH (15352-EC-007)
S.MANOHAR (15352-EC-021)
P.DURGABHAVANI (15352-EC-011)
D.HARIKA (15352-EC-016)

PROJECT GUIDE:
A.MALIKA
CONTENTS
• INTRODUCTION
• NEED OF SYSTEM
• BLOCK DIAGRAM
• WORKING
• ADVANTAGES
• DISADVANTAGES
• APPLICATIONS
• CONCLUSION
INTRODUCTION
• Day to day the population of the country is increases and power is also
increases and same time the wastage of energy also increases .
• At the same time the energy is wasted due to human locomotion &many
ways.to overcome this problem the energy wastage can be converted to
usable from using the principle Called piezo electric effect.
• Piezo electric effect is effect in which mechanical vibrations.pressure (or
)strain applied to piezo Electric material is converted in electrical form.
• In the electric power is generated as non-conventional method.thus the
Generation power is by walking (or) running on footstep.
• In the system introduces power generation using non-conventional energy
which doesn‘t need any input to generate electrical output &in conversion of
free energy into electrical energy takes place.
NEED OF SYSTEM

Proposal for the utilization of waste energy of footstep with human locomotion is very
much Revelant & important for highly populated countries like india and China where
the roads ,railwaysStations,bus stands, temples .etc are all over crowded and millions
of people move around the clock.the whole human/bio energy being wasted if can be
made possible for utilization it will be great Invention and crowd energy farms will be
very usefully energy sources in crowded countries. Walking across a” crowd
farms”,floor .then will be a fun for ideal people who can improve their health by
exercising in such farms with earning. The electrical energy generated at such farms
will be useful for nearby applications .
BLOCK DIAGRAM
PIEZO ELECTRIC TRANSDUCERS
• A piezoelectric sensor is a Electric device which is used to
measure acceralation,pressure or force to convert them to an
electrical signal.
• These sensors are mainly used for process control ,quality
assurance,research and development in various indrustries.
• The application of the sensor involve
aerospace,medical,nuclear instrumention &a pressure sensor
it is used in the touch pad of mobile phones .
• In the automotive industry,These sensors are used to monitor
ignition when develop ing internal burning engines
AC RIPPLE NEUTRALIZATION
• Ac ripple neutralizeris used to reduces the ripples from
the output of the piezoelectric transducer and a.c.
Ripple neutralizor consists of filter&rectifer.
• smoothness the output of the d.c which is received from
the filter.
• It is constant until the load and mains voltage is kept
constant .though ,if either of the two is varied,then the
received d.c voltages at this point changes .
• so a regulator is applied at the output stage.
UNIDIRECTIONAL CURRENT CONTROLLER
• Unidirectional current controller term
specifies that only allows electric current
in one direction current flowing ,while
blocking current in the reverse direction.
• They are diodes&thyristors,and act as
switch.
• It will Converts the a.c. into pulsating dc
and Hence sometimes it also called as
rectifer.
RECHARGEABLE BATTERY
• Battery is a combination of one or more
electrochemical cells,used to convert
stored chemical energy into electrical
energy.
• The output voltage from this piezo electric
is then stored in a battery through ac
ripple NeUtralizer which does exactly
oppsite job of the rectifer&filter which
converts the stored direct current
(dc)energy in batteries back into
alternating current(ac).
ARDUINO MEGA

• Arduino mega can be powered via th sub connection


or with an external power supply.
• the power source is selected automatically &external
power can come either from an ac to dc adapter.
• Leads from a battery can be inserted in gnd&vin pin
headers of power connector.&the board can be
operated on an external supply of 6to 20 volts.
• The pins that used are
vin,gnd,5.0v,3.3v,memory,input &output analog
pins&digital pins etc...
WORKING
• The piezoelectric material converts the pressure into Electrical
energy.the output voltage Will be low from singlepiezo film &thus the
combination of few piezoelectric is used.
• The connection of piezoelectric sensor will be series&parallel
combination.&Ac ripple neutralized will filter &rectifier the output of
piezoelectric transducers.
• The filter&rectifer output will be given to unidirectional current
controller it allows flow of current in one direction&block the reverse
flow of current.
• Output will be pulsating dc&given to battery to stored the output
voltage and by using lcd displaying the voltage for that proper using
arduino mega.
ADVANTAGES
• Reliable,eco-friendly.
• Less consumption of non-renewable energies.
• No moving parts-long service life
• Self generating-no external power required.
• Wide frequency range,high frequencies can be measured.
• Reducation of wastage of energy
• Less maintenance cost
DISADVANTAGES

• Only applicable for the particular place.


• Initial cost of this arraglament is high.
• Output affected by temperature variations.
APPLICATIONS
CONCLUSION
• The project “footstep power generation by using piezo electri transducers “is the
best economical ,afforadable energy solution to command people.
• This can be use for many applications in rural areas where power avaliablity is
less(or) absence.
• As Indian developl ing country where energy manager a big challenge for huge
population .
• The price will remain constant for along period of time as we Have used renewable
sources of energy.
THANK YOU