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23/07/2019

Plants and Photosynthesis


23/07/2019
L O-To know what photosynthesis is
and what is needed for it to happen.

• Green plants can make their own _____,


animal HAVE to eat other plants and
animals energy.
• This chemical reaction is called
__________.
Things needed for photosynthesis
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SUNLIGHT
Gives the plant energy
CHLOROPHYLL
The green
stuff
where the
WATER chemical
Travels up reactions
from the roots happen

CARBON DIOXIDE
Enters the leaf through small
holes on the underneath
Photosynthesis equations
23/07/2019

Sunlight
Carbon dioxide + _____ glucose + _____
Chlorophyll

Sunlight
6CO2 + 6H20 C6H12O6 + 6O2
Chlorophyll

The GLUCOSE produced by photosynthesis is used by the


plant for _______ (through ____________). It is stored
in the plant as ___________.

Words – respiration, starch, water, oxygen, energy


23/07/2019

Photosynthesis happens in the


“palisade” cells in the leaf:

Palisade
cells
Close up on a palisade cell:
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Cell
wall

Cell
Chloroplasts
membrane
(containing
chlorophyll)
Large
vacuole Nucleus

Cytoplasm
Method for starch test:
23/07/2019

1) Cover up part of the leaf using black card


What effect does this have on the plant?
2) Boil the leaf for a few minutes
What does this do to the leaf?
3) Soak the leaves in alcohol
What effect does this have on the leaf?
4) Dip the leaves in water
What effect does this have?
5) Drop some iodine onto the leaf
What do you see? Draw and explain your results
Results:
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The parts of the leaf which have been photosynthesising


should have turned black.
This shows that the part of the leaf which was covered up
has not been photosynthesising, because it had no light.

NO LIGHT, NO PHOTOSYNTHESIS, NO STARCH!


Root hair cells
23/07/2019

Plant roots are made of “root hair cells” which have two
features that help them to take in water and nutrients:

Root
hair
cells

Large surface area Thin cell membrane


Using water
23/07/2019

Plants need water to do the following:

Produce
glucose
Enable
transport
of minerals
Form
fruits

Enable
Keep the
growth
leaves cool
Photosynthesis and Respiration
23/07/2019

In earlier work we looked at respiration:

Glucose + oxygen water + carbon dioxide

Photosynthesis is the reverse of respiration:

Water + carbon dioxide glucose + oxygen