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CAD/CAM/CAE

A N A N D J AYA K U M A R A
A S S I S TA N T P R O F E S S O R
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
SRI RAMAKRISHNA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
CONTENTS

• CAD • CAD History


• Proprietary CAD softwares • CAM History
• CAM • CAE History
• Proprietary CAM softwares
• CAE
• Proprietary CAE softwares
LEARNING OBJECTIVES

• To know what is CAD


• To become familiar with the names of CAD software
• To know what is CAM
• To become familiar with the names of CAM software
• To know what is CAE
• To become familiar with the names of CAE software
LEARNING OUTCOMES

• The learner will be able to know what is CAD


• The learner will be able to name some popular CAD softwares
• The learner will be able to know what is CAM
• The learner will be able to name some popular CAM softwares
• The learner will be able to know what is CAE
• The learner will be able to name some popular CAE softwares
WHAT IS CAD?
CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER
• Computer aided design
• Computer aided drafting
• Computer aided drawing
• Computer aided detailing
• Computer aided development
• Computer aided digitization
CAD

• Computer-aided design is the use of


computers to aid in the creation,
modification, analysis, or optimization of a
design. CAD software is used to increase
the productivity of the designer, improve
the quality of design, improve
communications through documentation,
and to create a database for
manufacturing.
CAD HISTORY

• The beginnings of CAD can be traced to the year 1957, when Dr. Patrick J. Hanratty
developed PRONTO, the first commercial numerical-control programming system.
• In 1960, Ivan Sutherland MIT's Lincoln Laboratory created SKETCHPAD, which demonstrated
the basic principles and feasibility of computer technical drawing.
NAME SOME CAD SOFTWARES
PROPRIETARY CAD SOFTWARES

• AutoCAD • SpaceClaim
• Autodesk Inventor • Solid works
• CATIA
• Iron CAD
• Creo
• Rhinoceros
• NX
• Solid Edge
AUTOCAD

• AutoCAD is a commercial computer-


aided design and drafting software
application. Developed and marketed by
Autodesk,.
• AutoCAD was first released in December
1982 as a desktop app running on
microcomputers with internal graphics
controllers.
AUTODESK INVENTOR

• Autodesk Inventor is a computer-aided


design application for 3D mechanical
design, simulation, visualization, and
documentation developed by Autodesk.
• Initial release: 1999
CATIA

• CATIA is a multi-platform software suite


for computer-aided design, computer-
aided manufacturing, computer-aided
engineering, PLM and 3D, developed by
the French company Dassault Systèmes.
• Initial release: 1981
IRON CAD

• IRONCAD is a software product for 3D


and 2D CAD design focused mainly on
the mechanical design market that runs on
Microsoft Windows. It is developed by
Atlanta, GA based IronCAD LLC.
• Initial release: 1998
CREO

• Creo is a family or suite of Computer-


aided design apps supporting product
design for discrete manufacturers and is
developed by PTC.
• The suite consists of apps, each delivering
a distinct set of capabilities for a user role
within product development.
• Initial release: 1987
RHINOCEROUS

• Rhinoceros is a commercial 3D computer


graphics and computer-aided design
application software developed by Robert
McNeel & Associates, an American,
privately held, employee-owned company
founded in 1980.
• Initial release: 1994
NX

• NX, formerly known as "UG". In 2000


Unigraphics purchased SDRC I-DEAS and
began an effort to integrate aspects of
both software packages into a single
product which became Unigraphics NX or
NX. NX is an advanced high-end
CAD/CAM/CAE, which has been owned
since 2007 by Siemens PLM Software.
• Initial release: 1973
SOLID EDGE

• Solid Edge is a 3D CAD, parametric


feature and synchronous technology solid
modeling software. It runs on Microsoft
Windows and provides solid modeling,
assembly modelling and 2D orthographic
view functionality for mechanical
designers.
• Developed by: Siemens PLM Software
• Initial release: 1995
SPACECLAIM

• SpaceClaim is a solid modeling CAD


software that runs on Microsoft Windows
and developed by SpaceClaim
Corporation.
• The company is headquartered in
Concord, Massachusetts. SpaceClaim
Corporation was founded in 2005 to
develop 3D solid modeling software for
mechanical engineering.
• Initial release: 2007
SOLIDWORKS

• SolidWorks is a solid modeling computer-


aided design and computer-aided
engineering computer program that runs
on Microsoft Windows. SolidWorks is
published by Dassault Systèmes.
• Initial release: 1995
WHAT IS CAM?
CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER
• Computer aided machining
• Computer aided manufacturing
• Computer aided mechanization
• Computer aided modelling
• Computer aided mechatronics
CAM

• Computer-aided manufacturing is the use


of software to control machine tools and
related ones in the manufacturing of
workpieces.
CAM HISTORY

• The birth of NC is largely credited to John T. Parsons. Working as a machinist for his father’s
company, Parsons began to look for ways to build helicopter rotors. In a bid to speed up the
production process, Parsons began to look towards the idea of using punched card machines
to generate engineering calculations.Working with Frank Sulen, Parsons developed punched
cards that could be programmed to provide automated machining. These punched cards didn’t
gain much traction, however, until 1949 when the US Air Force arranged funding for Parsons to
build his own machine that would surpass the performance of current NC machines.
CAM HISTORY (CONTD..)

• In order to further develop his machine,


Parsons turned to the Servomechanism
Laboratory at MIT in 1949. With their
help, the first NC prototype was
developed. In this time, a system designed
to gauge how far controls turn was also
developed. The US Air Force stopped its
funding in 1953 due to high expense;
however, the project was promptly
resumed by Giddings and Lewis Machine
Tool Co.
NAME SOME CAM SOFTWARES
PROPRIETARY CAM SOFTWARES

• MasterCAM • Gibbs CAM


• Power Mill • Rhino CAM
• Vericut • Cimatron
• Feature CAM
• Edge CAM
MASTERCAM

• Mastercam is a suite of Computer-Aided


Manufacturing and CAD/CAM software
applications. Founded in MA in 1983, CNC
Software, Inc. is one of the oldest
developers of PC-based computer-aided
design / computer-aided manufacturing
software.
POWERMILL

• PowerMILL is a 3D CAM solution that


runs on Microsoft Windows for the
programming of tool paths for 2 to 5 axis
CNC Milling machines developed by
Autodesk Inc.
• Initial release: 1995
VERICUT

• Vericut, is a software program used for


simulating CNC machining. It is used to
simulate tool path motion and the
material removal process, detecting errors
or areas of inefficiency in NC programs. It
was developed by CGTech Inc. and first
released in 1988.
FEATURECAM

• A feature-based CAM solution for milling,


turning, and wire EDM.
• Autodesk
• Initial release: 1977
EDGECAM

• A production CAM software solution for


milling, turning and mill-turn machining.
• Vero Software is a company based in
Cheltenham, England, that specialises in
CAD CAM.
• 2014 – Vero Software was acquired by
Hexagon AB.
• Initial release: 1995
GIBBSCAM

• GibbsCAM specializes in 2- through 5-axis


milling, turning, mill/turning, multi-task
simultaneous machining and wire-EDM.
• The company was founded in 1982 as
MicroCAD, releasing its first software
products Multicadd and Multicam in 1984
for use by small- to medium-sized tool
shops. In 1987 the company changed its
name to Cimatron.
RHINOCAM

• RhinoCAM is a Computer Aided


Machining (CAM) plug-in for CNC that
runs completely inside of Rhinoceros 5.0
& 6.0.
• RhinoCAM marries the power of Rhino’s
freeform modeling with the legendary
machining capabilities of VisualCAM
VISUALCAM

• VisualCAM is MecSoft’s flagship CAM


software product that addresses the CNC
machining market needs with modules
VisualMILL,VisualTURN,VisualNEST, and
VisualART to address specific needs of
various CNC manufacturing processes.
WHAT IS CAE?
CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER
• Computer Aided Electronics
• Computer Aided Engineering
• Computer Aided Editing
• Canadian Aviation Electronics
CAE

• Computer-aided engineering (CAE)


is the broad usage of computer software
to aid in engineering analysis tasks. It
includes finite element analysis (FEA),
computational fluid dynamics (CFD),
multibody dynamics (MBD), durability and
optimization.
CAE HISTORY

• Its development can be traced back to the work by A. Hrennikoff and R. Courant in the early
1940s. Another pioneer was Ioannis Argyris. In the USSR, the introduction of the practical
application of the method is usually connected with name of Leonard Oganesyan. In China, in
the later 1950s and early 1960s, based on the computations of dam constructions, K. Feng
proposed a systematic numerical method for solving partial differential equations.
• The finite element method obtained its real impetus in the 1960s and 1970s by the
developments of J. H. Argyris with co-workers at the University of Stuttgart, R. W. Clough with
co-workers at UC Berkeley, O. C. Zienkiewicz with co-workers Ernest Hinton, Bruce Irons and
others at the University of Swansea, Philippe G. Ciarlet at the University of Paris and Richard
Gallagher with co-workers at Cornell University.
NAME SOME CAE SOFTWARES
PROPRIETARY CAE SOFTWARES

• Ansys • Fluent
• Hyperworks • Autodesk CFD
• Femap • Simufact
• Abaqus • Adams
• Comsol
• Star CCM+
• FIRE
ANSYS

• Ansys Inc. is an American public company


based in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania. It
develops and markets engineering
simulation software.
• Initial release: 1970
HYPERWORKS

• Altair Engineering Inc. is an American


multinational information technology
company headquartered in Troy, Michigan.
• Initial release: 1985
FEMAP

• Femap is an engineering analysis program


sold by Siemens PLM Software that is used
to build finite element models of complex
engineering problems and view solution
results.
• Initial release: 1985
ABAQUS

• Abaqus FEA is a software suite for finite


element analysis and computer-aided
engineering, originally released in 1978.
COMSOL

• COMSOL Multiphysics is a cross-platform


finite element analysis, solver and
multiphysics simulation software.
• Developer(s): COMSOL Inc
• Initial release: 1998
STAR CCM+

• In 2004, CD-adapco opted to shift their


attention from improving STAR-CD to
completely rewriting their computational
fluid dynamics (CFD) algorithms and tools.
• In early 2004, the company introduced this
new product, STAR-CCM+, the "CCM"
standing for "computational continuum
mechanics".
FIRE

• AVL, or Anstalt für


Verbrennungskraftmaschinen List, is
an Austrian-based automotive consulting
firm as well as an independent research
institute. It is the largest privately owned
company for the development of
powertrain systems with internal
combustion engines (ICEs) as well as
instrumentation and test systems and also
produces electric powertrains.
FLUENT

• ANSYS provides a comprehensive suite of


computational fluid dynamics software for
modeling fluid flow and other related
physical phenomena.
• The primary ANSYS products in the fluids
area are ANSYS Fluent and ANSYS CFX.
AUTODESK CFD

• Autodesk® CFD software provides


computational fluid dynamics and thermal
simulation tools to help you predict
product performance, optimize designs,
and validate product behavior before
manufacturing.
SIMUFACT

• Simufact software solutions cover a huge


number of manufacturing processes in the
metal working industry. We have bundled
these processes in three groups (Forming,
Joining, and Additive)
• Michael Wohlmuth was a research
associate and Hendrik Schafstall was a
doctoral student, and both worked on
aspects of bulk forming. 1994 CeBIT in
Hannover.
ADAMS

• ADAMS is a multibody dynamics


simulation software equipped with Fortran
and C++ numerical solvers.
• ADAMS was originally developed by
Mechanical Dynamics Incorporation which
then was acquired by MSC Software
Corporation.
NASTRAN

• NASTRAN is a finite element analysis


program that was originally developed for
NASA in the late 1960s under United
States government funding for the
aerospace industry.
• The MacNeal-Schwendler Corporation
was one of the principal and original
developers of the publicly available
NASTRAN code.
QUESTIONS ?
RECAP

• CAD • CAD History


• Proprietary CAD softwares • CAM History
• CAM • CAE History
• Proprietary CAM softwares
• CAE
• Proprietary CAE softwares
THANK YOU