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WCDMA RAN

Architecture Interface
and Channel Types
OUTLINE
› UTRAN in the UMTS Architecture
› UTRAN Architecture
– Nodes and interfaces
– RNC roles
› Services of UTRAN & Radio Access Bearer Concept
› Radio Interface Architecture & RAB realization
– Physical Layer
– Medium Access Control Layer
– Radio Link Control Layer
– Packet Data Convergence Protocol Layer
– RAB realization
– Radio Resource Control Layer
› Summary
Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 2 2004-09-27 2
UTRAN in the UMTS Architecture
CN

Iu

UTRAN

Uu

UE

› CN: Core Network (based on GSM)


› UE: User Equipment
› RAN: Radio Access Network (general term)
› UTRAN: Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (WCDMA)

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 3 2004-09-27 3


UMTS Network Architecture

BSS MSC PSTN/


A CS-domain ISDN

Gb

HLR

Iu
UTRAN IP
Uu GSN
Iu PS-domain
CN
Two CN domains:
- Circuit-Switched (CS) domain
- Packet-Switched (PS) domain
Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 4 2004-09-27 4
Connected vs. Idle mode

UE1 -> UE2 ->


Iu-Conn. Y Core Network LA 403

Iu Iu
Iu-connection Y

UTRAN

UE1 ->
Cell X
= Data
record
RRC-connection
X
Cells LA 403
(Location Area)
Uu (the “radio interface”)
C
h
4

UE 1, Connected
a
n
n
s e
l
a a
C q s k
h
4
a
n s
w l d
n d
s e
a e j
l a
a a s f f
q k
q s k w l d r l
w l d s e d r ö ö
s j
t a

UE 2, Idle mode
a e d j a a f f
a

mode
f f k r l i d l
q s k q s
l r l l d r ö ö u a
w d w
r ö ö d j t a o ö d
s e d j e
f t a f f i d l l k
a a f
k i d l l u a d k s
q s r l r
d ö u a r ö ö o ö d k d f
w l r ö
d j t a o ö d t a l k l j
e
f f i d l l k i d l d k s c
l u a d k s u a k d f
r
ö ö o ö d k d f o ö d l j .
r
t a l k l j l k c
i d l d k s c d k s
u a k d f k d f .
o ö d l j . l j
l k c c
d k s
k d f . .
l j
c

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 5 2004-09-27 5


Two main CN domains
PS-domain CS-domain
CN UE1 -> UE1 ->
Connected SGSN MSC Idle

Iu-PS Iu-CS

UTRAN

UE1 ->
Cell X

RRC-connection
X
Cells

Uu (the “radio interface”)


UE 1, Connected C
h
4
a

s
a
q
s
n
n

s
w
a
e
l

l
k

d
d
a e j
a

mode
s f f
q k
w l d r l
s e d r ö ö
j
a f t a
a f
k r l i d l
q s
l d r ö ö u a
w
d j t a o ö d
e
f f i d l l k
l u a d k s
r
r ö ö o ö d k d f
t a l k l j
i d l d k s c
u a k d f
o ö d l j .
l k c
d k s
k d f .
l j
c

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 6 2004-09-27 6


…Actually Three CN Domains
PS-domain CS-domain BC-domain
CN
SGSN MSC CBC

Iu-PS Iu-CS Iu-BC

UTRAN

Cells

CBC = Cell Broadcast Center.


Broadcast of messages in a given area.

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 7 2004-09-27 7


Uu (Radio) Interface: Terminal to
Network

UE
Uu Network / “Infrastructure side”

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 8 2004-09-27 8


Per Willars, 000629, pa2
Iu Interface: Separates RAN from CN

Non-Access Stratum functionality

Access Stratum, Radio Network functionality

Hiding all WCDMA specifics from the CN:


• Radio resource handling
• Channel type selection
• Radio network configuration (cells etc)

UE UTRAN CN
Uu Iu

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 9 2004-09-27 9


Per Willars, 000629, pa2
UTRAN Architecture

Core Network
Iu Iu
UTRAN
RNS RNS
Iur
RNC RNC

Iub Iub Iub Iub

Node B Node B Node B Node B

UTRAN: UTRA Network Uu (the “radio interface”)


RNS: Radio Network Subsystem
C

RNC: Radio Network Controller


h
4
a
n
n
s e
l
a a
q s k
w l d
s
a e d j
a

Node B: “Base station”


s f f
q k
w l d r l
s e d r ö ö
j
a f t a
a f
k r l i d l
q s
l d r ö ö u a
w
d j t a o ö d
e
f f i d l l k

UE
d k s

UE: User Equipment


r l u a
r ö ö o ö d k d f

Source: 25.401
t a l k l j
i d l d k s c
u a k d f
o ö d l j .
l k c
d k s
k d f .
l j
c

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 10 2004-09-27 10


The SRNC Role

Core Network
Iu Iu
UTRAN
RNS SRNS
Iur
RNC SRNC

Iub Iub Iub Iub

Node B Node B Node B Node B

C
h
4
a
n
n
s e
l
a a
q s k
w l d
s
a e d j
a
s f f
q k
w l d r l
s e d r ö ö
j
a a f t a
f
s k r l i d l
q
l d r ö ö u a
w
d j t a o ö d
e
f f i d l l k
r l u a d k s
r ö ö o ö d k d f
t a l k l j
i d l d k s c

UE
u a k d f
o ö d l j .
l k c
d k s
k d f .
l j
c

• Each connected mode UE is controlled by a Serving RNC (SRNC)


• The SRNC terminates Iu towards the CN

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 11 2004-09-27 11


The DRNC Role

Core Network
Iu Iu
UTRAN Macro Diversity
DRNS SRNS Combining splitting
function
Iur
DRNC SRNC

Iub Iub Iub Iub

Node B Node B Node B Node B

C
h
4
a
n
n
s e
l
a a
q s k
w l d
s
a e d j
a
s f f
q k
w l d r l
s e d r ö ö
j
a a f t a
f
s k r l i d l
q
l d r ö ö u a
w
d j t a o ö d
e
f f i d l l k
r l u a d k s
r ö ö o ö d k d f
t a l k l j
i d l d k s c

UE
u a k d f
o ö d l j .
l k c
d k s
k d f .
l j
c

• WCDMA requires soft handover (macro diversity)


• An RNC lending resources to an SRNC for a specific UE acts as a
Drift RNC (DRNC).
Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 12 2004-09-27 12
Why Iur ?

• Enable inter-RNC Soft handover


• Hide radio network functions from CN
• Avoid ping-pong effects on CN

Core Network
Iu Iu
UTRAN
DRNS SRNS
Iur
DRNC SRNC

Iub Iub Iub Iub

Node B Node B Node B Node B

C
h
4
a
n
n
s e
l
a a
q s k
w l d
s
a e d j
a
s f f
q k
w l d r l
s e d r ö ö
j
a a f t a
f
s k r l i d l
q
w l d r ö ö u a
e d j t a o ö d
f f i d l l k
r l u a d k s
r ö ö o ö d k d f
t a l k l j
i d l d k s c
u a k d f
d .

UE
o ö l j
l k c
d k s
k d f .
l j
c

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 13 2004-09-27 13


Connected Mode - Inter-RNC Mobility

Core Network Core Network

Iu Iu

DRNS SRNS SRNS RNS


Iur

Cells

Without UE UE With SRNS Relocation


SRNS Relocation

• When changing RNC area, there are two options:


– immediately do SRNS Relocation, i.e. move SRNC role to the
new RNC
– or use Iur and retain old SRNC (do SRNS Relocation later or
never)
Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 14 2004-09-27 14
Identification of the UE in UTRAN
PS-domain CS-domain
CN IMSI A ->
SGSN MSC Connected

Iu-PS Iu-CS
UTRAN IMSI A ->
U-RNTI ->
RNS SRNS
Cell X
Iur
RNC SRNC

Iub Iub Iub Iub

Node B Node B Node B Node B


X

C
h
4
a
n
n
s e
l
a a

UE
q s k
w l d
s
a e d j
a
s f f
q k
w l d r l
s e d r ö ö
j
a a f t a
f
s k r l i d l
q
l d r ö ö u a
w
d j t a o ö d
e
f f i d l l k
r l u a d k s
r ö ö o ö d k d f
t a l k l j
i d l d k s c
u a k d f
o ö d l j .
l k c
d k s
k d f .
l j
c

• A connected-mode UE is identified with U-RNTI = SRNC-id + S-RNTI


• Allows UTRAN to always find the context of a connected UE

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 15 2004-09-27 15


Transport network (User Plane)
› No need to interconnect all nodes physically - use a switched/routed
transport network
› Enables different interfaces to share same physical links
› Clear separation of Radio Network Layer and Transport Network
Layer enables different transport technologies

Iub Iur Iu

Radio Network CRNC/ CRNC/ CN


Node B SRNC
Layer (RNL) DRNC

Transport Network
Layer (TNL) UP Transport Network,
AAL2/ATM or IP

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 16 2004-09-27 16


Summary UTRAN Architecture

› Clear separation between CN and UTRAN, to contain all


radio network specific functions within UTRAN
› UTRAN is a network in its own (using Iur)
› Independence of Radio Network Layer and Transport
Network Layer
› Serving RNC controls a specific UE
› Drift RNC controls resources in a cell used by a UE
controlled by another RNC
› Controlling RNC controls a cell (Node B)

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 17 2004-09-27 17


OUTLINE
› UTRAN in the UMTS Architecture
› UTRAN Architecture
– Nodes and interfaces
– RNC roles
› Services of UTRAN & Radio Access Bearer Concept
› Radio Interface Architecture & RAB realization
– Physical Layer
– Medium Access Control Layer
– Radio Link Control Layer
– Packet Data Convergence Protocol Layer
– RAB realization
– Radio Resource Control Layer
› Summary
Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 18 2004-09-27 18
Access Stratum Model

Non-Access Stratum

GC Nt DC GC Nt DC

(1)

Access Stratum
UE UTRAN Core Network
Radio
Iu
(Uu)

(1) Duplicate handling

Source: 25.301
Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 19 2004-09-27 19
Services of Access Stratum
› User Data transfer by Radio Access Bearers (RAB)
(connected mode)
› General Control (GC) & Notification (Nt) (idle mode)
– Broadcast of NAS (CN) system information
– Paging the UE from the CN
› Dedicated control (DC) (connected mode)
– Establish / release signalling connection between UE and CN
– Setup / modify / Release RABs
– Security control (start/stop ciphering, integrity protection)
– Transport of NAS information (CN-UE signalling, SMS, …)
– Location reporting (geographic area)
– Data volume reporting
› Service Area / Cell Broadcast of user data
Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 20 2004-09-27 20
UMTS Bearer Model
UMTS

TE MT UTRAN CN Iu CN TE
EDGE Gateway
NODE
End-to-End Service

TE/MT Local UMTS Bearer Service External Bearer


Bearer Service Service

Radio Access Bearer Service CN Bearer


Service

Radio Bearer Iu Bearer Backbone


Service Service Bearer Service

UTRA Physical
FDD/TDD Bearer Service
Service

Access Stratum Source: 23.107


Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 21 2004-09-27 21
UMTS Bearer / RAB classes

UMTS QoS classes


Traffic class Conversational Streaming class Interactive class Background
class streaming RT Interactive best effort Background best effort
conversational RT

Fundamental - Preserve time - Preserve time Request response Destination is not


characteristics relation (variation) relation (variation) pattern expecting the data
between between information Preserve payload within a certain time
information entities entities of the stream content Preserve payload
of the stream content
Conversational
pattern (stringent
and low delay )
Example of the - voice - streaming video - Web browsing - background
application download of emails

Source: 23.107
Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 22 2004-09-27 22
Summary Services of UTRAN & Radio
Access Bearer Concept

› UTRAN offers services to the Core Network via the Access


Stratum
› Radio Access Bearers (RAB) consits of radio bearers and
Iu bearers
› A RAB is defined through RAB parameters

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 23 2004-09-27 23


OUTLINE
› UTRAN in the UMTS architecture
› UTRAN Architecture
– Nodes and interfaces
– RNC roles
› Services of UTRAN & Radio Access Bearer Concept
› Radio Interface Architecture
– Physical Layer
– Medium Access Control Layer
– Radio Link Control Layer
– Packet Data Convergence Protocol Layer
– User plane configurations and control
– Broadcast/Multicast Control Layer
– Radio Resource Control Layer
› Summary
Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 24 2004-09-27 24
WCDMA Radio Interface Protocol
Architecture
L3
Control
RRC

PDCP
PDCP L2/PDCP
control
control

control

control

BMC L2/BMC

RLC RLC L2/RLC


RLC RLC
RLC RLC
RLC RLC

Logical
Channels

MAC L2/MAC
Transport
Channels
PHY L1

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 25 2004-09-27 25


Physical Layer (PHY)

› PHY offers data transfer service to


MAC through Transport Channels
› Performs channel coding, interleaving
and macro diversity combining
› Performs transport channel multiplexing
onto physical channels
› Performs fast power control for
dedicated physical channels (WCDMA
L3
Control
RRC

PDCP

codes)
PDCP L2/PDCP

control
control

control

control
BMC L2/BMC

› Performs soft combining (IR or Chase RLC


RLC
RLC
RLC

RLC
RLC
RLC
RLC L2/RLC

Logical

when HS-DSCH is used MAC


Channels

L2/MAC
Transport
Channels
PHY L1

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 26 2004-09-27 26


Transport Channels

› Defined as ‘How the information is transported’


› Common and Dedicated are the main types
– Common Transport Channels
› Same channel used by several users
› No UE identification provided by L1
– Dedicated Transport Channels
› For exclusive use of one user
› UE inherently identified by the RRC
Control
L3

physical channel (spreading code) used PDCP


PDCP
L2/PDCP

control
control

control

control
BMC L2/BMC

RLC RLC L2/RLC


RLC RLC
RLC RLC
RLC RLC

Logical
Channels

MAC L2/MAC
Transport
Channels
PHY L1

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 27 2004-09-27 27


Transport Channel Types

› Common channels
– Broadcast Channel (BCH) (DL)
– Paging Channel (PCH) (DL)
– Random Access Channel (RACH) (UL)
– Forward Access Channel (FACH) (DL)
– Downlink Shared Channel (DSCH) (DL)
– High Speed – Downlink Shared Channel (HS-DSCH) (DL)
– Common Packet Channel (CPCH) (UL) RRC
Control
L3

› Dedicated channels
PDCP
PDCP L2/PDCP

control
control

control

control
BMC L2/BMC

– Dedicated Channel (DCH) (UL & DL) RLC


RLC
RLC
RLC

RLC
RLC
RLC
RLC L2/RLC

Logical
Channels

MAC L2/MAC
Transport
Channels
PHY L1

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 28 2004-09-27 28


Coding and multiplexing (uplink
example)
Transport blocks Transport blocks
› L1 offers data transfer service to MAC
through Transport Channels
CRC addition CRC addition
› Basic units between L1/L2 are
transport blocks (MAC PDU´s) on
transport channels Channel coding Channel coding
› Channel coding
– Convolutional code 1st interleaving 1st interleaving
– Turbo codes
› Transport format (#bits, #blocks, Rate matching Rate matching
coding, rate matching etc.) can
change on 10 ms basis for each
transport channel Multiplexing
L3
Control
RRC

PDCP
PDCP L2/PDCP
control
control

control

control

BMC L2/BMC
2nd interleaving
2nd interleaving
RLC RLC L2/RLC
RLC RLC
RLC RLC
RLC RLC

Logical
Channels
Mapping to to
Mapping phys.ch.
phys.ch.
MAC L2/MAC
Transport
Channels
PHY L1

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 29 2004-09-27 29


Transport Format

› A format offered by L1 to MAC for the delivery of transport


blocks on a transport channel
› Dynamic attributes
– # transport blocks
– # bits
› Semi-static attributes
– Error protection scheme (type of coding, coding rate…) L3

– Transmission Time Interval (TTI)


Control
RRC

PDCP
PDCP L2/PDCP

control
control

control

control
BMC L2/BMC

RLC RLC L2/RLC


RLC RLC
RLC RLC
RLC RLC

Logical
Channels

MAC L2/MAC
Transport
Channels
PHY L1

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 30 2004-09-27 30


Transport Format Combination
(TFC)
› A combination of currently valid Transport Formats at a
given point of time, containing one Transport Format for
each transport channel
› MAC is given a limited set of TFCs to choose from - called
Transport Format Combination Set
› Transport Format Indicator (TFCI) indicates the currently
valid TFC (from the Transport Format Combination Set) L3
Control
RRC

PDCP
PDCP L2/PDCP

control
control

control

control
BMC L2/BMC

RLC RLC L2/RLC


RLC RLC
RLC RLC
RLC RLC

Logical
Channels

MAC L2/MAC
Transport
Channels
PHY L1

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 31 2004-09-27 31


Data exchange between L1 and
MAC RRC
Control
L3

PDCP
PDCP L2/PDCP

› Transmission Time Interval (TTI): Fixed periodicity of

control
control

control

control
BMC L2/BMC

transport blocks RLC


RLC
RLC
RLC

RLC
RLC
RLC
RLC L2/RLC

Logical

› Variable bit rate: # transport blocks and # bits per


Channels

MAC L2/MAC
Transport
Channels

transport block variable between TTIs


PHY L1

Transport channel #1, transmission time interval = 20 ms

Transport channel #2, transmission time interval = 40 ms

Transport channel #3, transmission time interval = 10 ms

10 ms Time

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 32 2004-09-27 32


Medium Access Control (MAC) Protocol
› Offers data transfer services through logical channels to
RLC
› Multiplex logical channels onto transport channels
› Performs prioritization between logical channels to the
same UE on dedicated transport channels
› Performs prioritization between logical channels to different
UEs on common transport channels
L3

› Performs ARQ when HS-DSCH is used


Control
RRC

PDCP
PDCP L2/PDCP

control
control

control

control
BMC L2/BMC

RLC RLC L2/RLC


RLC RLC
RLC RLC
RLC RLC

Logical
Channels

MAC L2/MAC
Transport
Channels
PHY L1

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 33 2004-09-27 33


Logical Channels

› Logical channels are the services offered by


the MAC layer to the RLC layer
› Characterized by the kind of information transferred
› Primarily divided into:
– Control channels (transfer of control information)
– Traffic channels (transfer of user-plane information)

RLC RLC
RLC RLC
RLC RLC
RLC RLC

Logical Channels

MAC

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 34 2004-09-27 34


Logical Channel Types
› Logical control Channels (control information)
– Broadcast Control Channel (BCCH) [DL]
– Paging Control Channel (PCCH) [DL]
– Common Control Channel (CCCH) [DL & UL]
– Dedicated Control Channel (DCCH) [DL & UL]

› Logical Traffic Channels (user-plane information)


– Dedicated Traffic Channel (DTCH) [DL & UL]
– Common Traffic Channel (CTCH) [DL]

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 35 2004-09-27 35


Mapping Logical Channels to Transport
Channels (in UE)

BCCH PCCH DCCH CCCH CTCH DTCH


-SAP -SAP -SAP -SAP -SAP -SAP
MAC SAPs
(Logical
channels)

Transport
BCH PCH RACH FACH DSCH DCH HS- DSCH Channels
Based on: 25.301
Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 36 2004-09-27 36
Radio Link Control (RLC) Protocol

› RLC offers the following services to higher layers


– Acknowledged mode
› Retransmissions (ARQ)
› Segmentation of unknown RLC SDU sizes
– Unacknowledged mode
› Segmentation of unknown RLC SDU sizes
– Transparent mode
› Segmentation of known RLC SDU sizes
L3
Control
RRC

PDCP
PDCP L2/PDCP

control
control

control

control
BMC L2/BMC

RLC RLC L2/RLC


RLC RLC
RLC RLC
RLC RLC

Logical
Channels

MAC L2/MAC
Transport
Channels
PHY L1

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 37 2004-09-27 37


PDCP - Packet Data Convergence
Protocol

› Offers Radio Bearers to higher layers


› Header compression for IP packets
› Assists in relocation of Iu connection point

L3
Control
RRC

PDCP
PDCP L2/PDCP

control
control

control

control
BMC L2/BMC

RLC RLC L2/RLC


RLC RLC
RLC RLC
RLC RLC

Logical
Channels

MAC L2/MAC
Transport
Channels
PHY L1

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 38 2004-09-27 38


Radio Access Bearers & Radio Bearers

› A Radio Access Bearer may consist of parallell subflows


– To give Unequal Error Protection to different bits, e.g. coded speech
– Each RAB subflow corresponds to one Radio Bearer
› The Radio Bearer is the service of L2 of the Radio Interface
› UTRAN selects WCDMA channel type and parameters based on:
– QoS requirement of the Radio Access Bearer
– Observed traffic pattern
– Radio resources available
L3
Control
RRC

PDCP
PDCP L2/PDCP

control
control

control

control
BMC L2/BMC

RLC RLC L2/RLC


RLC RLC
RLC RLC
RLC RLC

Logical
Channels

MAC L2/MAC
Transport
Channels
PHY L1

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 39 2004-09-27 39


Radio Bearer Configurations
Alternatives
› PDCP
– Header Compression or not
› RLC
– Transparent, Unacknowledged or Acknowledged mode
› Setting of RLC toolbox parameters
› MAC
– Type of logical channel
› Common or dedicated?
– Multiplexing or not?
› PHY
– Type of transport channel
› Common or dedicated?
– Transport Format Sets and Transport Format Combination Sets?
Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 40 2004-09-27 40
Possible ways through the WCDMA radio
interface protocol stack
Interactive, background, conversational, streaming

‘Header Comp.’ ‘Transparent’ PDCP’

Acknowledged Unacknowledged Transparent RLC

Common/Shared Dedicated MAC

Modulation, Coding and Interleaving Phy


Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 41 2004-09-27 41
BMC - Broadcast/Multicast Protocol

› Offers a broadcast multicast service to higher layers


› Schedules broadcast multicast messages on CTCH

L3
Control
RRC

PDCP
PDCP L2/PDCP

control
control

control

control
BMC L2/BMC

RLC RLC L2/RLC


RLC RLC
RLC RLC
RLC RLC

Logical
Channels

MAC L2/MAC
Transport
Channels
PHY L1

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 42 2004-09-27 42


Radio Resource Control (RRC)
Protocol
› Controls the UE behavior by means of
– Idle mode procedures
– RRC Connection establishment procedures
– RRC Connection mobility procedures
– Radio Access Bearer control procedures
› Controls RLC, MAC and PHY
› Offers Control Services to Call Control and Mobility
Management in the Core Network, e.g. paging
L3
Control
RRC

PDCP
PDCP L2/PDCP

control
control

control

control
BMC L2/BMC

RLC RLC L2/RLC


RLC RLC
RLC RLC
RLC RLC

Logical
Channels

MAC L2/MAC
Transport
Channels

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 43 2004-09-27 43 PHY L1


RRC Functions and Relation to Other
Layers
Measurement Report

RRC RRC
Radio Resource
Assignment
Control

[Code, Frequency,

Control
TS, TF Set, Mapping,
etc.]
RLC RLC
RLC retransmission
Measurements

control

Measurements
Control

Control
MAC MAC
Measurements

Measurements
Control

Control
L1 L1

UTRAN UE

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 44 2004-09-27 44


WCDMA Radio Resource Control state
diagram
Relevant States
UTRA
Connected
RRC Connected
Mode Mode
› Idle Mode
URA_PCH CELL_PCH – No connection
– UE can be reached by means of CN paging
procedure, which triggers the RRC
CELL_DCH CELL_FACH
connection setup procedure
Release RRC Establish RRC Release RRC Establish RRC
› Cell_FACH
– UE is connected and known on cell level.
Connection Connection Connection Connection

Transmission is shared.
Idle Mode
› Cell_DCH
– UE is connected with dedicated or shared
physical channel
Relevant Timers
• The Inactivity timer monitors user activity in connected mode. If the timer elapses, the RRC
connection and radio bearers are released and the UE is moved to Idle Mode.
• The Downswitch timer monitors throughput in Cell_DCH state. If the measured throughput
is below a threshold (default=0kbps) for a specified time, the UE is moved to Cell_FACH.

Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 45 2004-09-27 45


Summary Radio Interface Architecture

› A Radio Bearer is a configuration of PDCP, RLC, MAC and


Physical Layer
› Physical Layer offers transport channels to MAC
– How is something transported
› MAC offers logical channels to RLC
– What is transported
› RRC controls the configuration of the Radio Bearers
› RRC has 4 sub-states in connected mode
– CELL DCH
– CELL FACH
– CELL PCH
– URA PCH
Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 46 2004-09-27 46
Ericsson Internal | 2013-03-11 | Page 47 2004-09-27 47