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TYPES OF

COMMUNICATION
ACCORDING TO
CONTEXT
1) INTRAPERSONAL
COMMUNICATION
 The Latin prefix intra- means within or inside.
 Means talking to oneself
 Some label it as self or inner talk, inner
monologue, inner dialogue
 For psychologists, it is self-verbalization or
self-statement.
HOW TO GAUGE IF IT IS NORMAL TO
TALK TO YOURSELF:

FREQUENCY OF OCCURRENCE

HOW YOU HANDLE SUCH OCCURRENCE


ADVANTAGES OF SELF-TALK

 Givespositive reinforcement when you


lack motivation and confidence

 When you introspect, you are able to


improve on your decisions in life.
2) INTERPERSONAL
COMMUNICATION
 The Latin prefix inter- means between,
among, and together
 Interactive exchange
 Conversations that happen between or
among interactants.
2 KINDS OF INTERPERSONAL
COMMUNICATION SITUATION
 INTERPERSONAL – is meant for maintaining
social relationships

 TRANSACTIONAL – aim to accomplish or


resolve something at the end of the
conversation.
4 TYPES OF INTERPERSONAL
COMMUNICATION
 Dyadic communication - occurring between two persons. Its
examples are one-on-one interview, confession to a priest,
husband and wife talking about their family, and courting a
girl.
 Small group communication - entails the interaction of 3-8
people who have a sense of belonging to the group to
meet a common goal and influence one another. Its
examples are focus group discussion, small class discussion,
pair interview, and board meeting.
4 TYPES OF INTERPERSONAL
COMMUNICATION
 Public communication - involves a good number of
participants with one identified speaker or
communicator. Its examples are a relative speaking
during mass, a candidate speaking during miting de
avance, and a speaker lecturing during a seminar.
 Mass Communication - involves the general public
through the use of mass media. Its examples are TV
newscast, writings in a newspaper, and a commentator
speaking on the radio.
INTERVIEW
 A person-to-person interaction is planned, structured
and designed to achieve a purpose.
 Types of interview:
Information-gathering interview
Appraisal
Persuasive
Exit interview
Counseling
Hiring or selection
TYPES OF SMALL GROUPS

Task-oriented groups
Relation-oriented groups
Emergent groups
ADVANTAGES OF SMALL GROUP
COMMUNICATION
 Facilitatespooling of the resources
 Increases motivation
 Makes identification of errors easier
 Decisions are better received
 Provides rewards of working with others
DISADVANTAGES OF SMALL GROUP
COMMUNICATION
 Encourages laziness
 Conflicting personal and group goals
 Domination by a few
 Stubbornness leads to deadlock
 Riskier decisions are made
 Takes longer to reach decisions
3) EXTENDED
COMMUNICATION
 Involves the use of electronic media
 Use of television, radio, phone, video,
internet apps and other technological
means
 With the use of electronic media,
messages are transmitted quickly.
4) ORGANIZATIONAL
COMMUNICATION
 This
type focuses on the role that communication plays in
organizational contexts.
 Foran organization to be successful, a system of
communication should be out in place. A set of rules or
standards for communication protocol should be made
clear so that interaction patterns are established.
 Forindividuals, you should be equipped with the needed
oral and written communication skills that the
organization expects you to possess.
2 TYPES OF ORGANIZATIONAL
STRUCTURE:
 FORMAL – allows communication to take place
via designated channels of message flow
between positions in the organization.

 INFORMAL - comes from the unofficial channels


of message flow.
FORMAL STRUCTURE MAKES USE OF
FOUR APPROACHES:
 DOWNWARD – flows from upper to lower positions;
top-down; from superior to subordinates
 UPWARD – from lower to upper; bottom-up
 HORIZONTAL
– lateral in approach as it takes place
among people belonging to the same level or rank.
 CROSSWISE – diagonal in nature as employees from
different units of departments working at various
levels communicate with each other.
INFORMAL
COMMUNICATION
Also known as ‘grapevine’

Thisoccurs due to the dissatisfaction


of some employees

Baseless gossips and rumors


ORGANIZATIONAL
CULTURE
 Each organization has its own culture.
 Basedon its history and development, an
organization develops its own core values, vision
and mission statements, goals and objectives.
 PeterDrucker’s famous quote, “Company
cultures are like country cultures. Never try to
change one, Try instead, to work with what
you’ve got.
5) INTERCULTURAL
COMMUNICATION
 Itis communication between or among
people having different linguistic,
religious, ethnic, social and professional
backgrounds, even gender preference.
Stages of Interpersonal Relationships
(Mark Knapp and Anita Vangelisti (2000)

1. Initiating
Forming immediate and lasting impression
which happens in the first 30 seconds
Looking for signals that may impel us to initiate
the conversation
Searching for appropriate conversation opener
-”It’s
cool here, Hi, I am Jessie.”
-”Would you like some coffee?”
Stages of Interpersonal Relationships
(Mark Knapp and Anita Vangelisti (2000)

2. Experimenting
Findingout more about the other person
Should not involve teaching, preaching,
and impressing
Very casual and superficial
Stages of Interpersonal Relationships
(Mark Knapp and Anita Vangelisti (2000)

3. Intensifying
Assumes that both parties are interested
Becoming “good friends”
Dating stage (romantic)
Stages of Interpersonal Relationships
(Mark Knapp and Anita Vangelisti (2000)

4. Integrating
Two individuals are identified as a pair or
couple or as a “package”
Fusion of “You” and “I” really takes place
Divulge more and more private information
Share a song or a project
Stages of Interpersonal Relationships
(Mark Knapp and Anita Vangelisti (2000)

5. Bonding
Commitment has been formally contracted
and institutionalized
Relationship is guided by specific rules and
regulations
May cause initial discomfort or rebellion
Fully integrated and intense communication
Stages of Interpersonal Relationships
(Mark Knapp and Anita Vangelisti (2000)

6. Differentiating
 Instead of continuing to emphasize “we”,
interactants attempt to reestablish an “I” orientation.
> How are we different?
 Tend to have a more individualized character
> From “our friends” to “my friends”
> From “our child” to “my child”
> “Do we always have listen to that CD?”
 If it persists, it can signal a trouble in a relationship.
Stages of Interpersonal Relationships
(Mark Knapp and Anita Vangelisti (2000)

7. CIRCUMSCRIBING
 Quantity and quality of communication between
interactants decrease.
 Topics discussed decrease in breadth and depth.
 Fewer intimate disclosures are made.
 Characterized by lack of energy, shrinking interest, and a
general feeling of exhaustion.
 Do not answer much the calls or messages.
Stages of Interpersonal Relationships
(Mark Knapp and Anita Vangelisti (2000)

8. STAGNATING
 Happens when circumscribing continues
 Interactants feel that they no longer need to
relate to each other
 > “Better to say nothing.”
 Silence is the hallmark of the communication
Stages of Interpersonal Relationships
(Mark Knapp and Anita Vangelisti (2000)

9. AVOIDING
 Interactants go out of their way to be apart
 Relating face-to-face or voice-to-voice becomes so
unpleasant
 “I do not want to see you any more.”
 “I do not want to talk to you any more.”
 End of relationship is in sight
 In situations when no obvious or natural break
occurs, termination begins.
Stages of Interpersonal Relationships
(Mark Knapp and Anita Vangelisti (2000)

10. TERMINATION
 Relationship
ends
 Can end cordially or bitterly
 Can be pleasant or unpleasant
 Signal Statements
 “Well, we sure had some good times at first.”
 “We can’t just see each other again.”
 “Do not call me ever again.”
 “I hope I never see you again.”
 Examples are breakups or separation and death