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INDUSTRIAL TRAINING AT PPCL

(PRAGATI POWER CORPORATION LTD)

SIMRANJEET SINGH
10216210059
ABOUT THE COMPANY

• INDRAPRASTHA POWER GENERATION COMPANY LIMITED AND PRAGATI POWER


CORPORATION LTD .
• Indraprastha Power Generation Co. Ltd. came into existence on 1st July , 2002 .
• The main function of IPGCL is generation of electricity with an installed capacity of
994.5MW capacity addition in pipeline. its main motive is to make Delhi self sufficient in
power.
• Power demand in the capital city is increasing with the growth of population as well as
living standard and commercialization. to bridge a gap between demand and to give e reliable
supply to the capital city, Delhi government has set up 330MW Pragati Power Project on fast
track basis.
POWER STATION

• UNDER PPCL 1 POWER STATION IS IN


OPERATION:
• PRAGATI POWER STATION
• Installed capacity of PRAGATI POWER STATION
is 330MW,
• It has two GAS TURBINES of 104MW each. And one
STEAM TURBINE of 122MW
• . And treated sewage water is used as a source of
generation of electricity.
PLANT OVERVIEW

• It is a combine cycle power plant uses both steam and gas to generate power.
• These combine cycle plants produced higher energy conversion efficiency than gas or
steam alone plants. A gas turbine generator generates electricity and waste heat is used
to make the steam to make additional electricity via steam turbine, Typically, combine
cycle power plants utilizes heat from the gas turbine to generate steam. In combine cycle
power plant ,the heat of the gas turbine exhaust is used to generate steam by passing it
through heat recovery steam.

RESOURCES

• 1)FUEL - The primary fuel for the gas turbine is natural gas supplied by GAIL through
HVJ pipeline. The gas is received at GAIL terminal installed in the vicinity of the power
station. The caloric value of natural gas being received for power generation is in the
band of 8200-8500 kilocalories.
RAW WATER - Raw water requirement is met through sewage treated water being
drawn from sen nursing home and Delhi Gate Sewage Treatment Plant
GAS TURBINE

• The gas turbine is a common form of heat engine working with a series of processes
consisting of compression of air taken from atmosphere, increase of working medium
temperature by constant pressure ignition of fuel in combustion chamber, expansion of SI and
IC engines in working medium and combustion.
• Gas turbine plants operate on BRAYTON CYCLE
• in which air is compressed . This compressed air is heated in the combustor by burning fuel,
where plant of compressed air is used for combustion and the flue gases produced are
allowed to expand in the turbine , which is coupled with the generator. In modern gas
turbines the temp. of the exhaust gases is in the range of 500 °C to 550 ° C
OPERATION

• The Brayton cycle the ideal cycle that


the working fluid undergoes in the
closed loop is the Brayton cycle. It is
made up of four internally reversible
process .
• 1-2 isentropic compression
• 2-3 constant pressure heat addition
• 3-4 isentropic expansion
• 4-1 constant pressure heat rejection .
STEAM TURBINES

• Working of steam turbine in its simplest form the rankie cycle work as follow.
• The initial stage of working fluid is water which at a certain temperature is pressurized by a
pump and fed to a boiler , in the boiler the pressurized water is heated at a constant pressure
.
• Superheated steam is expanded in the turbine which is coupled with generator .modern
steam power plants have steam temperature in the range of 500 to 550 c at the inlet of the
turbine
OPERATION

• Process 1-2 the working fluid is pumped


from low to high pressure .
• Process 2-3 the high pressure liquid enters
boiler where it is heated at constant
pressure by an external heat source to
become a dry saturated vapour .
• Process 3-3’ the vapour is superheated
• Process 3-4 &3’-4’ the dry saturated vapour
expands through turbine generating power.
This decrease the temp and pressure of the
vapor and some condensation may occur .
• Process 4-1 the wet vapur then enters a
condenser where it is condensed at a
constant pressure to become a saturated
liquid.
STEAM TURBINE DIAGRAM
COMBINING TWO CYCLES TO IMPROVE EFFICIENCY

• We have seen in the above two cycles that exhaust is at temperature of 500-550 °C and
in Rankine cycle heat is required to generate steam at the temperature of 500-550 °C.
Therefore gas turbine exhaust heat can be recovered using a waste heat recovery boiler
to run a steam turbine on Rankine cycle. If efficiency of gas turbine cycle (when natural
gas is used as fuel) is 31% and the efficiency of Rankine cycle is 35%, then over all
efficiency comes to 49%. Conventional fossil fuel fired boiler of the steam power plant is
replaced with a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). Exhaust gas from the gas turbine
is led to the HRSG where heat in exhaust gas is utilized to produce steam at desired
parameters as required by the steam turbine.
THANK YOU
FOR YOUR ATTENTION