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Peripheral nervous system…

The network of nerves


branching out
throughout the body
from the brain and
spinal cord is called the
peripheral nervous
system. In addition to
the 31 pairs of spinal
nerves mentioned, there
are 12 pairs of cranial
nerves that attach to the
brain: I. The olfactory nerve
carries sensory input
for smell
• Olfactory nerve I- sensory nerve for
smell, it runs below the frontal lobe, purely
sensory, cerebrum
Peripheral nervous system…
II. The optic nerve carries sensory input for vision

Optic nerve II- a brain tract exiting through the


optic chiasma, it sends signals of images to the
brain, purely sensory, cerebrum
Peripheral nervous system…
III. The oculomotor nerve controls muscles of
the eye and eyelid

Oculomotor nerve III- caudal to optic chiasma it innervates internal eye muscles
to move the eye (superior, inferior, lateral, medial rectus) and eyelids. It adjust the
pupil and lens. Motor nerve, visceral motor, and proprioceptive, midbrain
Peripheral nervous system…
IV. The trochlear nerve (TRŎK lee ur)
controls the eyeball

D. Trochlear nerves IV- (pulley) it inervates the superior


oblique muscles of the eye. Motor nerve, midbrain
Peripheral nervous system…
V. The trigeminal nerve (try JEM ǐ nul) controls the
face, nose, mouth, forehead, top of head, and jaw.

TRIGEMINAL NERVES V – (THREE FOLD)- IT HAS THREE BRANCHES THAT


CARRY SENSORY INFORMATION FROM THE FACE (SUPERFICIAL AND
INTERNAL) AND MOTOR INFORMATION FOR CHEWING MUSCLES. MIXED,
PONS
Peripheral nervous system…
VI. The abducens nerve (ab DŪ senz) also
controls the eyeball

Abducens nerves VI- innervates a muscle that abducts the


eye ( lateral rectus), motor nerve, pons
Peripheral nervous system…
VII. The facial nerve controls muscles of the face
and scalp, and part of the tongue for sense of
taste.

Facial nerves VII- innervates muscles of facial expression, activates


facial glands, conveys sensory from taste buds. Mixed and visceral
motor, pons
Peripheral nervous system…
VIII. The auditory or cochlear nerve provides
sensory input for hearing and equilibrium

Vestibulocochlear nerves VIII- sensory nerve for hearing


and equilibrium, purely sensor, medulla oblongata
Peripheral nervous system…
IX. The glossopharyngeal (gloss oh fair INJ ee
al) nerve controls saliva, swallowing, and taste.

Glossopharyngeal nerves IX. innervates the tongue and pharynx, controls a muscle
used for swallowing, activates salivary gland, conducts taste, and other facial sensory.
Mixed and visceral motor, medulla oblongata
Peripheral nervous system…
X.The vagus (VĀ gus) nerve is the longest cranial nerve,
extending to and controlling the heart, lungs, stomach,
and intestines.

Vagus Nerves X- (wanders) controls muscles of swallowing extends beyond the


face and neck into the thorax and abdomen to innervate internal organs for motor
and sensory impulses, some sensory near ear area. Mixed and visceral motor,
medulla oblongata.
Peripheral nervous system…
XI.The accessory nerve permits movement of
the head and shoulders.

Accessory nerves XI- accessory for the vagus nerve- it joins it, and controls
muscles that moves the head and some of the same as the vagus. Motor and
visceral motor, medulla oblongata.
Peripheral nervous system…
XII. The hypoglassal nerve (hī pah GLOSS ul)
controls the muscles of the tongue.

Hypoglossal nerves XII- (below the tongue) runs below the


tongue and innervates the tongue muscles, motor nerves,
medulla oblongata.
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