Sie sind auf Seite 1von 24

WHERE DO I BELONG?

OBJECTIVE:
Distinguish the process of
spontaneous or non-spontaneous
process.
DRYING OF LEAVES BREAKAGE OF EGGS SPOILAGE OF FOOD

RICE COOKING HEATING OF WATER WATER FALLS


Based on the given illustrations,
complete the table below.
Based on the results of the
activity:
Which of them are spontaneous
processes?

DRYING OF LEAVES
SPOILAGE OF FOOD
WATER FALLS
HOW CAN WE REVERSE THE PROCESS FOR
EACH OF THE FOLLOWING PROCESSES?
Drying of leaves to
make them fresh again BY USING PLANT PRESS
Fixing an eggshell to BY PUTTING THEM
make it whole TOGETHER WITH AN
Keeping the food fresh ADHESIVE TAPE/GLUE.
from spoilage BY USING A REFRIGERATOR
Heating of water BY USING A STOVE.
Flowing of water back BY USING A WATER MOTOR
to the top OR PUMP.
WHAT IS NEEDED TO REVERSE THE
PROCESS?

An application of work or


using motor or a heat
pump.
THE REVERSE OF IT

Objective: The learners should be able


to discuss how heat pumps
(refrigerator and air conditioning)
work.
Materials: Illustrations of
refrigeration and air conditioning
cycle.
PROCEDURE: On your activity
sheets, study the illustrations
and their parts. Answer the
guide questions below each
illustration.
How does a refrigerator work?

1.Work has to be done by the


compressor to “suck” the
colder gas from inside the
refrigerator out,
effectively forcing energy
to flow from a chamber of
lower temperature to a
warmer temperature to a
warmer room outside.
Describe a compressor. How does it work?
What gas is inside the compressor which has
low boiling point?
2.A compressor is a motor which
compresses a gas known as, Freon to a
pressure of several atmospheres.
 Note: Freon is a refrigerant with
relatively low boiling point.
What happened to the hot gas
produced by compression?

3.The hot gas by the


compressor runs
through a condenser.
How does a condenser function?

4.The condenser turns the cooled gas


near to room temperature which then
condenses into liquid. This cool liquid
which has high pressure flows through
a narrow tube connected to the
evaporator.
What happens to the pressure and
heat evaporator?

5.The liquid evaporates due


to its low pressure. At the
same time, it absorbs heat
from the contents of the
refrigerator.
When does, the cycle repeat?

6.The cycle repeats when


the gas that absorbed
heat is produced and goes
back to the compressor.
What is the function of an air
conditioning unit?

An air conditioning


unit is a heat pump
used for home
heating and cooling.
How does an air conditioning unit work
during summer?

It cools the


inside of the
house and heats
the outside.
What is the function of the air
conditioner during cold days?

It takes heat


from the air
outside to warm
the inside.
What is needed to transfer heat
in this device?

Mechanical energy is
needed to transfer
heat from a cold
object to a warmer
one.
Using what you have learned in English on
Sequence signals such as first, second, then,
meanwhile and/or finally, arrange the complete
cycle of how a refrigerator works.
THE REFRIGERATOR COOLING SYSTEM FOLLOWS THE
FOLLOWING MECHANISM:
THE LIQUID EVAPORATES DUE TO ITS LOW PRESSURE AND
HEAT IS ABSORBED.
THE COMPRESSOR COMPRESSES THE FREON INTO A PRESSURE
OF SEVERAL ATMOSPHERES.
THE CYCLE REPEATS WHEN THE GAS THAT ABSORBED HEAT IS
PRODUCED AND GOES BACK TO THE COMPRESSOR.
THE GAS IS COOLED TO NEAR ROOM TEMPERATURE WHICH
THEN CONDENSES INTO LIQUID OF HIGH PRESSURE.
 The refrigerator cooling cycle follows the following
mechanisms:
 First, the compressor compresses the Freon into a
pressure of several atmospheres.
 Meanwhile, the gas is cooled to near room temperature
which then condenses into liquid of high pressure.
 Then, the liquid evaporates due to its low pressure and
heat is absorbed from the contents of the refrigerator.
 Finally, the cycle repeats when the gas that absorbed
heat is produced and goes back to the compressor.
Create a Venn diagram to
distinguish the similarities and
differences of a refrigerator
and an AC unit. Refer to the
listed descriptions below.
1. Designed with a
compressor, condenser, and
1. The compressor and evaporator, all in one set unit,
condenser are in a separate and as they push away the
unit from the evaporator. heat, it’s outer surface gets
2. Cooling and heating HEAT warm.
3. temperature & humidity PUMP 2. cooling and freezing of
products.
4. Gas supply from tubes
3. Temperature
5. Cool air is pushed away
from the unit. 4. Internal chemicals but also
air from the environment.
5. Cool air is kept inside the
unit.
THANK YOU!