Sie sind auf Seite 1von 11

NEGATIVE

SEQUENCE
REACTANCE

MADE BY -
SARTHAK NEMA
 POSITIVESEQUENCE IMPEDANCE
 NEGATIVE SEQUENCE IMPEDANCE
 ZERO SEQUENCE IMPEDANCE
In alternator value of resistance is
negligible as compared to reactance.
Hence sequence impedance and
sequence reactance both are same.
 In a perfectly balanced 3 Phase system, no
negative phase sequence currents would
exist.
 However, in practice it is impossible to
achieve this perfectly balanced system all
time. So these negative phase currents need
to be considered.
 Line voltage imbalances caused by electrical
faults or imbalanced loads lead to current
imbalances in each conductor.
 In a rotating machine, the negative
sequence current vector rotates in the
same direction as the rotor.
 It is the magnetic flux produced by the
negative sequence current that rotates in
the reverse direction of the rotor.
 Thus, the rotor cuts through the flux at
twice the synchronous speed, and the
induced current in the rotor is twice the
line frequency.
 Positive and negative sequence
impedances cannot be equal.
 In case of synchronous machine, -ve
sequence currents creates a rotating
mmf in opposite direction to the rotor
mmf. Double frequency emf and
currents induced in rotor.
 -ve sequence impedance is 70-95 % of
subtransient reactance. It can be
approximated by subtransient
reactance.
 It
is the ratio of the
fundamental component of
armature voltage, due to the
fundamental positive sequence
component of armature
current, to this component of
armature current at rated
frequency.
 It
is the ratio of fundamental
component of armature
voltage, due to the
fundamental negative
sequence component of
armature current, to this
component of armature
current at rated frequency
 It
is the ratio of fundamental
component of armature
voltage, due to the
fundamental zero sequence
component of armature
current, to this component of
armature current at rated
frequency.
 Negative sequence can arise
whenever there is any unbalance
present in the system.
 In case of a synchronous
machine, negative sequence
currents create a rotating mmf in
opposite direction to the rotor
mmf.
 Hence it harmful for the
alternator, a NEGATIVE
SEQUENCE REALY is connected
in the alternators as a
protection device.
 It prevent the negative
sequence fault current to flow
from armature coil by tripping
the alternator .