Sie sind auf Seite 1von 24


Sidok by Estelito Jacob
Learning Objectives:
• Read and analyze a poem
written by a regional writer;
• Appreciate the contribution of
regional literature to the
national literary tradition;
• Create an alternative version
of a poem using multimedia
What’s with this
Luksong Baka
Bangkang Papel
Tumbang Preso
Sinidok ta ka
Dawa aram ko
Na lulugadon
Kan saimong karagkadag
An makubal kong kamot.

Dai akong labot.

Ta kun ako mamomoot
Ika pa man giraray
An sakong sisidukon.

Ngunyan ngani,
Dai ako naghuhuna
Na sa pag-agi kan panahon,
An matarom mong pako
Padagos na nagtitirig
Sa sakong palad –
Tuninong, daing hagubhob,
Magian, papel-papelan.
Sinapo kita
Kahit alam kong
Susugatan lamang
Ng uuga-uga mong pag-
Ang makalyo kong kamay.

Di ko alintana
Dahil kung ako’y
magmamahal muli,
Ikaw pa din naman
Ang aking sasapuhin.

Ngayon nga,
Di ko namalayan,
Na sa pagdaan ng panahon,
Ang matalim mong pako
Ay patuloy na gumigiwang-
Sa aking palad –
Tahimik, walang nangangalit na
Magaan, parang papel lang.
Guide questions for analysis:

1.Who is the speaker in the

poem? Do you think the
persona is a man or a
woman? Explain your
2.What childhood game is
alluded to in the title of the
Guide questions for analysis:

3. What is the major poetic

device used in the poem? Is
it an effective and accurate
way to express the poet’s
ideas about the subject
matter? Why or why not?
Poetic Device
• Sound
Poetic devices that have a sonic quality achieves specific effects when heard. Words
with a sound like quality can strike readers as soothing or dissonant while evoking
certain thoughts and feelings associated with it.
Alliteration–A string of three or four instances of the same consonant sound with no
more than one intervening, non-alliterative onset consonant sound. Alliteration is
used as a mnemonic device to evoke feelings such as fear and suspense in poetry.
Assonance–Repeated vowel sounds in words placed near each other, usually on the
same or adjacent lines. These vowel sounds are usually accented, or stressed to
give a musical quality to the poem. By creating an internal rhyme, this also
enhances the pleasure of reading the poem.
Consonance–Repeated consonant sounds at the ending of words near each other, usually
on the same or adjacent lines. These should be in sounds that are accented, or
stressed, rather than in a vowel.
Cacophony–A discordant series of harsh, unpleasant sounds to convey disorder. This is
often enhanced by the combined effect of complex meanings and pronunciation.
Example: My stick fingers click with a snicker And, chuckling, they knuckle the keys;
Light-footed, my steel feelers flicker And pluck from these keys melodies. —“Player
Piano,” John Updike.
Euphony–A series of musically pleasant sounds that gives the poem a melodious quality,
conveying a sense of harmony to the reader.
Onomatopoeia–It is used in poetry to create aural effects that mimics the visual image
described. A combinations of words may be used to create an onomatopoetic effect.
It is, however, not imperative to use words that are onomatopoetic in and of
themselves. For example, in Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s 'The Rime of the Ancient
Mariner', Coleridge uses the phrase “furrow followed free” to mimic the sound of the
wake left behind a ship.
Poetic Device

• Rhythm
Poetic rhythm is the flow of words within
each meter and stanza to produce a
rhythmic effect while emphasizing specific
parts of the poem.
Repetition–Repetition often uses word
associations to express ideas and emotions
in an indirect manner, putting emphasis on
a point, confirming an idea, or describing a
Rhyme–Rhyme utilizes repeating patterns to
bring out rhythm or musicality in poems. It
is a repetition of similar sounds occurring
in lines in a poem which gives the poem a
symmetric quality.
Poetic Device
• Meaning
The use of figurative language as a poetic device functions to
convey the poet's intended meaning in various ways.
Allusion–A brief reference to a person, character, historical
event, work of art, and Biblical or mythological situation.
Analogy–Drawing a comparison or inference between two
situations to convey the poet's message more effectively.
Example: The plumbing took a maze of turns where even
water got lost.
Metaphor–Metaphors are used in poetry to explain and
elucidate emotions, feelings, relationships, and other
elements that are better described using evocative language.
Poets also use metaphor as a way of explaining or referring
to something in a brief but effective way.
Symbol–An object, event, animal, or person to which we have
attached meaning and significance.
Symbolism–Symbolism in poetry is using an object or action
that suggests something beyond its literal meaning.
Symbolism means to imbue objects with a certain meaning
that is different from their original meaning or function. It is
a representative of other aspects, concepts or traits than
those visible in literal translation. Other literary devices,
such as metaphor, allegory, and allusion, aid in the
development of symbolism.
Poetic Device
• Meaning
Hyperbole–An outrageous exaggeration used for effect.
Example: He weighs a ton.
Irony–A contradictory statement or situation used to
expose a reality contrary to what appears to be true.
Imagery–Not simply a visual representation, in poetry it
sustains or comprises figures of speech such as the
following: " My heart opens like a cactus flower ". In
this simile from Stevie Smith’s ‘Le Désert de l’Amour’
(1938), the image of a cactus flower imbues the poem
with layers of conceptual as well as visual weight.
Oxymoron–A combination of two words that appear to
contradict each other.
Paradox–A statement in which a contradiction may reveal
an unexpected truth.
Personification–Attributing human characteristics to an
inanimate object, animal, or abstract idea.
Example: The days crept by slowly, sorrowfully.
Pun–A play on word in which words with totally meanings
have similar or identical sounds.
Guide questions for analysis:

4. Discuss the contrast or

change implied by the first
and last stanzas. How does
it express the poem’s
5. What is the poem saying
about love and