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LECTURE 8 :

Process of water supply and water treatment processes


(types of valves)

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• PREVIOUS LECTURE REVISION

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Previous Lecture

Methods of water distribution

 Gravity system
 Pumping system
 Combined gravity and pumping system

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The steps involved in laying and
jointing of pipes in water distribution
 Laying and jointing of pipes  Digging of trenches

 Formation of thrust blocks  Back filling and temping

 Cutting of pipes
Pipe appurtenance
 Distribution pipes are provided with some
accessories so as to make the distribution of
water easy.
valve

 inspection, repairs
VALVES

One way flow

 controlling the flow of liquid.


Types of valves
 Ball valve
 A ball with a hole through
one diameter that can be
rotated to align with the
flow or block it
 VEDIO 1
Plug valve
 Similar to a ball valve except
that a cylinder is used instead
of a sphere.
 More expensive.
 Require more force to turn but
still easy to operate
 Can be used as a three-way
valve, too
 VEDIO 2
Types of valves
 Butterfly valves
 To provide tight shutoff .
 The most economical valves.
 easily operate with pneumatic and electric actuators
 VIDEO 3

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 Diaphragm valves
 Very simple
 hand wheel often used to apply pressure to diaphragm to
form seal
 operate pneumatically and electrically.
 Often used for corrosive, slurry, and sanitary services
 VIDEO 4
Types of valves
Isolation Valves
 Float valves : VIDEO 5
 Control liquid level
 Prevent tank overfilling
 Operated mechanically by a float that rests on top of the liquid; as the level
rises, it pushes the float up and closes the valve

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 Gate valves : VIDEO 6
 A sliding disk slides up and
down in and out off the fluid
 Good for high pressure drop
and high temperature
applications where
operation is infrequent
 Manual operation
Types of valves
 Globe valves : VIDEO 7
 A conical plug moves in and out of the fluid
 Can be used for shutoff high pressure drop

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Types of valves
Switching Valves
 Converge and divert flow in a piping system
 Usually 3-way valves used because they can take the place of 2 2-way valves
3-way valves are usually ball, plug, or globe design
 2 butterfly valves mounted on a pipe tee will also work and is cost-effective for
large pipes

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