Sie sind auf Seite 1von 16

BUILDING PLANNIING 1

BUILDING PLANNING(CE303)
ON
PUBLIC BUILDING: HEALTH CENTRE

PREPARED BY

PATEL JENISH (U16CE056)


JAY PARMAR (U16CE024)

SUBJECT TEACHER

DR. KRUPESH A. CHAUHAN


(ASSOCIATE PROF., SVNIT, SURAT)

2018-19
BACHLORS OF ENGINEERING
CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
SARDAR VALLABHBHAI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
SURAT-395007
BUILDING PLANNIING 2

CONTENT
 DEFINATIONS
 TYPES OF PUBLIC HEALTH CENTRE
 COMPONENT OF HEALTH CENTRE
 PLANNING OF HEALTH CENTRE
 PLANS AND IMAGES
 REFERENCES
BUILDING PLANNIING 3

DEFENATION
 Public building: - Public buildings are any type of building that is accessible
to the public and is funded from public sources.
BUILDING PLANNIING 4
Hospital building:- They are the place where people are treated for various
diseases and also given advices for healthy living.
BUILDING PLANNIING 5

CLASSIFICATION OF HEALTH CENTRE


 SUB CENTRE
 PRIMARY HEALTH CENRE
 COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTRE
 DISTRICT HOSPITAL
 SUB DISTRICT HOSPITAL
BUILDING PLANNIING 6

COMPONENT OF GENERAL HEALTH CENTRE


1. ADMINISTRATIVE BLOCK 10. CONSULTING ROOM
2. WARD 11. EMERGENCY ROOM
3. SURGICAL UNIT 12. PARKING
4. RADIOLOGY UNIT 13. AMBULANCE CENTRE
5. CASUALTY UNIT 14. BLOOD BANK
6. OPD & IPD
7. PATHOLOGY DEPARTMENT
8. MORTUARY BLOCK
9. OPERATION THEATRE
7

PLANNING OF HEALTH CENTRE


LOCATION
• They should be located centrally in a quiet place which is well connected by
convenient means of transport.
• Infectious diseases hospitals like T.B. Sanitorium are located away from the city
at a place of healthy atmosphere like a hill station.
• The size of site for a health centre should be large enough to permit open
planning . It should be centrally located in an easily accessible area. The area
chosen should have facilities for electricity, all weather road communication,
adequate water supply and telephone. At a place, where a PHC is already
located, another health centre should not be established to avoid the
wastage of human resources.
• PHC should be away from garbage collection, cattle shed, water logging
area, etc. PHC shall have proper boundary wall and gate
8

PLANNING OF HEALTH CENTRE


• PRINCIPAL OF PLANNING
• Entrance door should be wide enough as a patient is usually accompanied by
escorts or may be brought horizontally on strecher.
• Privacy:- Privacy is vital for obstetrics and gynaecology and at every level of
surgery.
• Roominess:-sick man need room than healthy man thus wards should be spacious.
• Grouping:-casualty ward should be nearer to the entrance.
• Outpatient dept. and pharmacy should be close
• Large windows in sufficient numbers are essential for a hospital.
9

PLANNING OF HEALTH CENTRE


• PRINCIPAL OF PLANNING
• Circulation:- separate entrance for doctors and staff should be provided than patients.
• Too much traffic in nursing unit corridor will disturb patient. Short routes are preferred.

• Emergency entrance leading to intensive care unit should be provided nearer to lift.

• Lifts and stairs should be big enough for easy vertical circulation for a harbour stretcher on trolley.
10

PLANNING OF HEALTH CENTRE


• PRINCIPAL OF PLANNING
• Sanitation:- Noiselessness, free circulation of natural breeze and exposure to the morning sun keeps
patients cheerful helping them to recover quickly.

• Cleanliness is a must for a health centre.

• floors which can be easily cleaned and walls of bright appearance should be opted thus suitable
materials are chosen.

• Elegance:- A min plinth height of .75 m creates effective drainage


• Head room greater than 3.5 m and more width and height of doors and windows are opted.
11

LAYOUT PLAN OF PRIMARY HEALTH CENTRE


12

LAYOUT PLAN OF GENERAL HOSPITAL


13
COMMON REQUIREMENT OF PUBLIC BUILDING
COMPONENT DIMENSION/AREA REMARKS
Bath room 1.2 m x 2.1 m 2 for 1 ward
1.5 m x 2.4 m
W.C. 0.9 m x 1.2 m 1 for 8 beds
1.0 m x 1.2 m
Urinals 0.9 m x 0.75 m
Passage/corridore 0.9 to 1.5 m Sanitary block
1 to 2.5 m
Verandahs 1.8 to 3.5 m width
Stairs Width 1.2 m R=15 to 17 cm
T=30 to 32.5 cm
Landing 1 to 1.8m wide
Head room 1.8 m minimum
Floor height 2.75 to 6 m
14
COMMON REQUIREMENT OF PUBLIC BUILDING
COMPONENT DIMENSION/AREA REMARKS

Lift 0.5 m/s

Entrance room/ Width 2.75 m Minimum


Reception
Parking 20 m2 per vehicle Car
3 m2 per vehicle Motorcycle
1.2 m2 per vehicle cycle
Nurse’s room or 3mx4m
Dispensing room
Ward 8 to 10 m2 per bed

Labour room 3.8 m x 4.2 m For PHC


15
COMMON REQUIREMENT OF PUBLIC BUILDING

1. Hospital / Teritary health care centre


 Ground coverge = 40%
 Height – no height restriction

2. Veterinary hospital, Nursing and Paramedic institute and other health


facility
 Ground coverage = 30%
 FAR = 1.5
 Height = 26 m
16

REFERENCES :
• Building and Town Planning, by Dr. K. A. Chauhan, Published by
• MODEL BUILDING BYE LAWS, 2016
• https://www.google.co.in
• AMC Website
• Minimum Standards for Private Hospital and Clinical Facilities, December
2010, Ministry of Public Health.
• Indian Public Health Standards (IPHS) Guidelines for Primary Health Centres
Revised 2012.