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GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS

Science, Health and Politics


Elpidio Jr P. Cadalzo
Instructor I

Mariano Marcos State University


College Of Arts And Sciences
DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
City of Batac 2906 Ilocos Norte
BIOTECHNOLOGY

 Any biology-based
technology which uses
 Types:
organisms or their parts  Traditional Biotechnology
to make or modify
products, or improve
 Modern Technology
plants, animals and
microorganisms
Bacteria Yeast

 Used in food preservation and production of products


 Fermentation–process where microorganisms are used to
produce a product
• Alteration of the genetic
make-up of living
organisms using
recombinant DNA
technologies
• Results are referred to as
genetically modified (GM)
or transgenic organisms
What is a Genetically Modified Organism?

• It involves the insertion


of DNA from one
organism into another
OR modification of an
organism’s DNA in
order to achieve a
desired trait.

Bacillus thuringiensis
Some genetically modified foods

Golden rice – rice with pro-Vitamin A


Some genetically modified foods

AquAdvantage salmon
GMO in Bioremediation

Poplar trees remove Enviropig i.e., “Frankenswine”


groundwater Able to digest and
contaminants process phosphate
GMO in Medicine

Banana vaccines
The Health Risks of
Genetically Modified Foods
In reality, agency
scientists warned of:
Allergens
Toxins
New diseases
Nutritional problems
The Health Risks of
Genetically Modified Foods
The Health Risks of
Genetically Modified Foods
The Health Risks of
Genetically Modified Foods
Biodiversity
Genetically Modified Foods

• Pollinators may be killed


• Accidental cross pollination
• Creation of "super" weeds
and other environmental risks
• Threatens wild/native
organisms
Concerns about GMOs
The Benefits of GMOs

 Increased volume of harvest


 Shorter cultivation time
 Reduction of expenses on insecticides and
herbicides and irrigation (for drought resistant
plants)
 High quality foods due to the potential
incorporation of desired substances in harvests
(mineral, vitamins, higher protein content,
vaccines etc.)
 “Environmental friendly” (reduction in the use of
insecticide /herbicide)
 Longer shelf-life of harvests
 Substantial contribution to economy