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# Patterns and Sequences

## Patterns refer to usual types of procedures or rules that can be followed.

Patterns are useful to predict what came before or what might
come after a set a numbers that are arranged in a particular order.
This arrangement of numbers is called a sequence.
For example:
3,6,9,12 and 15 are numbers that form a pattern called a sequence
The numbers that are in the sequence are called terms.
Patterns and Sequences
Arithmetic sequence (arithmetic progression) – A
sequence of numbers in which the difference
between any two consecutive numbers or
expressions is the same.
Geometric sequence – A sequence of numbers in
which each term is formed by multiplying the
previous term by the same number or expression.
Arithmetic Sequence
Find the next three numbers or terms in each pattern.
a. 7, 12, 17, 22,... a. 7, 12, 17, 22,...
5 5 5
Look for a pattern: usually a procedure or rule that uses the
same number or expression each time to find the next term.
The pattern is to add 5 to each term.

## The next three terms are:

22  5  27 a. 7, 12, 17, 22,...
27  5  32
32  5  37 27,32,37
Arithmetic Sequence
Find the next three numbers or terms in each pattern.
b. 45, 42, 39, 36,... b. 45, 42, 39, 36,...
 (3)  (3)  (3)
Look for a pattern: usually a procedure or rule that uses the
same number or expression each time to find the next term.
The pattern is to add the integer (-3) to each term.
The next three terms are:
36  (3)  33 b. 45, 42, 39, 36,...
33  (3)  30
30  (3)  27 33,30, 27
Geometric Sequence
Find the next three numbers or terms in each pattern.
b. 3, 9, 27, 81,... b. 3, 9, 27, 81,...
3 3 3
Look for a pattern: usually a procedure or rule that uses the
same number or expression each time to find the next term.
The pattern is to multiply 3 to each term.
The next three terms are:
81 1 2 b. 45, 42, 39, 36,...
3 243 729
243 3 3 33,30, 27
729
2187
Geometric Sequence
Find the next three numbers or terms in each pattern.

## b. 528, 256, 128, 64... b. 528, 256, 128, 64,...

1 1 1
 2 or 
2  2 or  2
Look for a pattern: usually a  2 or 
2
procedure or rule that uses the same Note:
Note:To
Todivide
divideby
byaanumber
numberisisthe
thesame
same
number or expression each time to as
asmultiplying
multiplyingbybyits
itsreciprocal.
reciprocal.The
The
pattern
patternfor
foraageometric
geometricsequence
sequenceisis
find the next term. The pattern is to represented
representedas asaamultiplication
multiplicationpattern.
pattern.
divide by 2 to each term. For example: to divide by 2
For example: to divide by 2 is is
represented
representedas asthe
thepattern
patternmultiply
multiplyby
by½.
½.
The next three terms are:
64  2  32
16  2  8
b. 528, 256, 128, 64,...
or 32  2  16
or
32,16,8
64 1 64
   32 or
1 2 2 16 1 16
  8 32 1 32
1 2 2    16
1 2 2
Geometric Sequence
Find the next three expressions or terms in each pattern.

## b. 2m,4m,8m,16m.. b. 2m, 4m, 8m, 16m,...

2 2 2
Look for a pattern: usually a procedure or rule that uses the
same number or expression each time to find the next term.
The pattern is to multiply by 2 to each term or expression.
The next three terms are:
16m b. 2m, 4m, 8m, 16m,...
2 32m
32m
2
64m
64m 32m,64m,128m
2
128m
Arithmetic Sequence
Find the next three expressions or terms in each pattern.
b. 2m  2,4m  5,6m  8,8m  11 ..
b. 2m  2, 4m  5, 6m  8, 8m  11,...
2m  3 2m  3 2m  3
Look for a pattern: usually a procedure or rule that uses the
same number or expression each time to find the next term.
The pattern is to add 2m+3 to each term or expression.
8m  11
10m  15
The next three terms are:  2m  3 12m  18
 2m  3
10m  15 12m  18  2m  3

## 10m  15,12m  18,14m  21 14m  21

b. 2m  2, 4m  5, 6m  8, 10m  11,...